Capstone Project Paper

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Capstone Project: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Evidence Based Practice – NUR 4775L Dr. Susan Poole, DNP, CNE November 22, 2015 Capstone Part I: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Introduction to Problem According to Centre for disease Control (CDC) more than 1.4 million people 65 and older live in nursing homes. If current rates continue, by 2030 this number will rise to about 3 million (CDC, 2014). Nursing home residents are at an increases risk for falls depending on the acuity of their illness and their mental state. Falls can result in, reduced quality of life, functional…show more content…
Literature Review Some of the databases that were searched for information about my PICOT questions were not directly related to patients in long-term care facilities. The Databases that were searched included CINAHL, National Guideline Clearing House, Ovid, and EBSCO, articles related to my PICOT was found on National Guideline Clearing House and Ovid. Some of the key words that were used during the search were Hendrich II fall risk tool, fall in Long-term care facilities, Geriatric falls, fall prevention and predicting fall. National Guideline Clearing ( produced about ten results directly related to the content in the PICOT question and CINAHL had thirty nine results. Levels of…show more content…
The clinical practice guidelines that were selected for this paper are from the National Guideline Clearinghouse and from International journal of nursing studies. The Hendrich Fall Risk Model was primarily developed as a predictive nursing assessment tool based on epidemiological research (NGC, 2011). The Guidelines were developed by the Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing the committee was however not stated. Authors were asked to sign confidentiality documents and all the authors agreed this. The research was conducted by hand searches of public literature and searches of electronic database. The guidelines were developed by reviewing published meta- analysis and systematic reviews making it the strongest evidence however, the method used to formulate the recommendations was that of a level I to an expert consensus which is a level IV. The guidelines were validated by an external peer review. All recommendations for this guideline was tagged by the level of evidence and linked with scientific evidence. The limitation that were evident in this study was that its intended users were immediate healthcare providers in the hospital settings and not those in the out- patient healthcare
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