Carbohydrates, or saccharides, consist of a) sugars and starches, which provide energy for humans and animals, and b) cellulose which make up numerous plant structures. Carbs, for short, have gotten to be both a gift and a burden, as the modern food production process has changed the way we consume them on a daily basis. There are two sorts of carbohydrates, simple sugars, or monosaccharides and complex sugars, or polysaccharides. Sugars are diverse, and abundant in plants, where they serve a great number of functions. The simplest of sugars consist of 3 to 7 carbon molecules.
The process of cellular respiration, cells extract the energy stored in the glucose molecule (Campbell & Reece, 2005). The molecule is a sugar that provides major fuel for cellular to work. But the carbon skeleton works on the row material for synthesis of all different verities of small organic molecules. For example amino acids and fatty acids. Such sugar molecules that are not immediately used are incorporated into disaccharides and polysaccharides.
(see table #2) The mixture with the bean water caused the solution to not be as concentrated, limiting the amount of oligosaccharides that the alpha galactosidase can break down, therefore resulting in a small amount of glucose concentration. The highest stand standard deviation is at 4 mL of alpha galactosidase, which is 185.742. The lowest standard deviation is at 0 mL and 1 mL of alpha galactosidase, which is 0. Since error bars are not all overlapping, it shows that there was a significant difference (see figure #3). However, the R squared value is 0.929, meaning that it is close to fitting the line of best fit.
When your body digests too much sucrose sugar, it is very bad for your body because most of it does not contain any nutrients such as protein, vitamins or minerals (too much glucose and fructose is bad for your body too, they just contain healthy substances). This causes the food to be mostly converted into fat, which can cause obesity and heart disease. A good amount of fat is healthy because your body needs a certain amount of it to function correctly, but when too much sugar is consumed, then too much fat is gained, this causes serious health issues. I found this topic interesting because I like learning about the body and how to take care of it. What to eat and what not to eat, and how that affects us in the long run is also very fascinating.
Disaccharides There are three dietary monosaccharides called glucose, fructose, and galactose. Monosaccharides are single-ring structures, and they form the basic building blocks for more complex sugars, such as disaccharides. Disaccharides are referred to as double sugars because they are made from a combination of two monosaccharides. In dehydration synthesis, water is removed and two monosaccharides become a disaccharide. Dehydration Synthesis, or condensation reaction, is when we can take these single-ring structures and combine them by taking away water, or H2O.
Which absorbs all of the colors except green, that’s why most plants are green. However, plants contain color that reflect other colors such as red and yellow. These reactions occur in chloroplast which are organelles that use light energy and make food called glucose. One of the main difference between photosynthesis, cellular respiration, and fermentation is that photosynthesis uses sunlight. In conclusion, the similarities are that they all make food or energy and create sugar or use sugar.
The nutrients provided by grains are: carbohydrates, mineral iron, dietary fiber, vitamin B6 and magnesium. If an individual does not have the adequate amount of grains then energy loss is a major symptom. This is probably why Miss Dennis had a lack of energy during the first analysis by being under six ounces in grains. By consuming whole grains as part of a healthy diet may reduce the risk of heart disease. Consuming foods containing fiber, such as whole grains, as part of a healthy diet, may reduce constipation.
Discussion: Many of our most important enzyms, hormones, and chemical process are all made possible by the presence of protiens. We can build protiens in our bodies or injest them in the food we eat. Tryptophane and tyrosine were some protein amino side chains that we specifically identified in the lab. Some everyday foods that contain high contents of tryptophane are egg whites, fish, and seeds. While some common foods that are high in tyrosine are cheese, milk, and tofu.
Even though fructose is not very good for the body a lot is still added to foods. If fructose is consumed into the body and then it hits the liver and the liver is full of glycogen, fructose will then be turned into fats. Doing this can promote a deposition on or layers of fat in the liver, which can cause Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Now imagine your liver full of fructose and you absorb some alcoholic beverages that will seriously
Consumption of low good oils in the body can lead to excessive appetite. Excessive appetite is associated with increased hunger and cravings. Incorporation of moderate healthy diet can drastically reduce unhealthy eating habits. • Poor absorption of vitamin- An adequate amount of fat increases the process of absorption of vitamin K, A, E and D. Vitamins play a critical role in the normal functioning of the body. These ranges from blood clotting, cell repair, immunity and growth.