The Development of Carbon Sinks Part 1: Practical Understanding The carbon cycle is the relationship and movement of carbon that among plants, to oceans, to living organisms, and to the atmosphere. Carbon exists in the earth as CO2, and in organisms as sugars or carbohydrates. The carbon cycle works by taking the existing carbon in the atmosphere and taking it in through photosynthesis, animals, oceans, and dead organisms. Animals and humans take in carbon through the plants that they eat and when they exhale, it returns back into the atmosphere. When animals break down the carbohydrates that they acquire from the plants, they release carbon back in the air through respiration.
Global warming What is global warming? Well the name speaks for itself, through a combination of processes mostly human activities are causing the Earth’s surface temperature to rise. These processes increase levels of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere adding to the natural greenhouse effect of the planet causing the upsurge in the average temperatures. The natural greenhouse effect of the Earth is an ingenious biologic system of the Earth which once radiation from the sun reaches the planet, the ozone layer traps the radiation in the atmosphere producing heat and warmth. The increase in levels of pollutants such as carbon dioxide, methane and chlorofluorocarbons are causing a thickening of the ozone layer creating a negative effect of trapping too much radiation from the sun and not allowing the normal release of excess radiation.
As a matter of fact, this method could help the Homo sapiens survive for an extremely long time. Global warming is created by people, too. Global warming is primarily a problem of too much carbon dioxide, (CO2) in the atmosphere. (Scientists) Deforestation is one of the many ways that cause global warming. Deforestation means cutting down trees in the forests and on land.
Climate change is refers to the rise in average surface temperatures on earth, mostly due to the burning of the fossil fuels such as oil and coal, which emits greenhouse gases into the atmosphere which are primarily carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons (#02). In addition, other human activities, such as agriculture and deforestation, also contribute to the growth of greenhouse gases that cause climate change (#01). According to this, many have make their own conclusions on how are humans responsible for climate change and whether or not it is a real thing. Some people think and guarantee that climate change is real and it is happening at least in part because of human activity. This people argue that in the last 100 years, carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere have risen from 290 parts per million (ppm) to 369 ppm, with strong evidence pointing to the burning of fossil fuels by humans as a primary cause of these increases (#03).
TITLE: A descriptive study on the need of the reduction in carbon footprints NEED OF THE HOUR. INTRODUCTION : An increase in carbon footprint due to an increase in the greenhouse gas emissions is the primary event associated with climate change that has led to global warming. According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, “a carbon footprint includes direct emissions such as from driving a car as well as whatever emissions are required to consume any goods and services.”A carbon footprint often includes the measure of other greenhouse gas emissions as well. Carbon footprint is useful for individuals and organizations to conceptualize their personal or organizational impact in contributing to global warming as it is a measure of the impact
Carbon dioxide is absorbed by the ecosystem by the process of photosynthesis. It is added back into the atmosphere during respiration and decay. Carbon is also present in the oceans and during the thermohaline circulation, the denser part of the ocean travels downwards, encouraging absorption of the carbon dioxide due to cold ocean surface. However, when the oceans warms up, carbon dioxide is released back to the atmosphere. Monitoring the amount of carbon present in the atmosphere is difficult as the values can increase through process such as combustion, wildfires, volcanic eruptions, burning of fuels, production of biomass, volcanic eruptions etc Oxygen is found in atmosphere, biosphere and lithosphere.The Oxygen Cycle begins with photosynthesis whereby plants convert carbon dioxide into oxygen as a by product.
Fossil fuels are the major energy source that are being used in the world today. But there are hidden cost of fossil fuels. Some of the costs of using these fuels are obvious air pollution. Fossil fuels can lead to serious environmental issues such as air pollution like I said before. Fossil fuels release carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, Sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide etc.
When they are cut down the carbon is released into the air as carbon dioxide (Ucsusa). So each time a tree is cut down, we are releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. From what we hypothesize, the more carbon dioxide released into the air, the greater the effect on the ozone and the more climate change may occur. Second, another surprising fact is that
2.5.3 Soil respiration and carbon cycling The carbon cycling consists in the exchanges of CO2 between the atmosphere, biosphere, oceans and the earth´s crust. Soil respiration is an important factor of this cycle (figure 2.5.3). (Lou & Zhou 2006,
The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and material comfort, made inroads in the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances. Notably, due to the increasing use of fossil fuels. In the 19th century and for a significant part of the 20th century, human force was replaced by coal which was being used to make machines work faster. Industries not only pollute the air but they also have a share in polluting soil and water. This can be particularly mentioned in the case for power-generating industries, such as plants producing electricity (e.g.