Cardio Vascular Diseases Research Paper

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CARDIO VASCULAR DISEASES Cardio vascular diseases (CVDs) are diseases of the heart and blood vessels. CVDs also constitute a major chronic disease, which is a leading cause of death not only in India but all over the world. There are many forms of cardio vascular diseases and many of them are interrelated. Some of the diseases are: i) Atherosclerosis ii) Heart attack iii) Chest pain iv) Irregular heart beat v) Congestive heart failure vi) Congenital and rheumatic heart disease vii) Stroke The cardiovascular system is also called the circulatory system and is the system that moves blood throughout the human body. It is composed of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries. It transports oxygenated blood from the lungs and heart throughout…show more content…
When the blood supply to a part of the brain is shut off, brain cells will die. The result will be the inability to carry out some of the previous functions as before like walking or talking. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel within the brain bursts. The most likely cause is uncontrolled hypertension. Some effects of stroke are permanent if too many brain cells die after a stroke due to lack of blood and oxygen to the brain. These cells are never replaced. The good news is that some brain cells don't die — they're only temporarily out of order. Injured cells can repair themselves. Over time, as the repair takes place, some body functioning improves. Also, other brain cells may take control of those areas that were injured. In this way, strength may improve, speech may get better and memory may improve. This recovery process is what rehabilitation is all about. Learn more about stroke. Other Types of Cardiovascular…show more content…
There are several risk factors associated with coronary heart disease and stroke. Some risk factors such as family history, ethnicity and age, cannot be altered. Other risk factors that can be treated or changed include tobacco exposure, high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity, diabetes, unhealthy diets, and harmful use of alcohol. Air contamination can also cause a range of cardiovascular diseases. Hypertension is the single biggest risk factor for stroke. It also plays an important role in heart attacks. It can be prevented and effectively treated but only if you have it diagnosed and stick to your recommended management plan. Physical inactivity increases the risk of heart disease and stroke by 50%. Diabetes is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Diabetes is a key risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke. Having diabetes makes you twice as likely as someone who does not to develop cardiovascular disease. A diet high in saturated fat increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. It has been estimated to cause about 31% of coronary heart disease and 11% of stroke

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