Career Theories: Holland's Theory

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Interviewee 3: SUPARAMANIAM (Male, 52) Career Theories: Psychological, Psychoanalytic & Occupational Allocation Psychological: Holland’s Theory (1966) Holland’s theory postulates that individuals tend to select their environment, occupation and situations, which satisfy and complement their personality traits (Mankar, n.d.). Additionally, this theory is proposed to justify the differential magnetism of environments for specific types of people as well. (Gottfredson & Johnstun, 2009). Gottfredson and Johnstun (2009) explained in a journal article that Holland’s theory can be characterized into three key aspects. They claimed that the job and other environments deviate and can be categorized in reference to the typology of environments. Secondly, divergence among persons can be categorized in regards to the typology of individuals. Lastly, certain environments are well suited to certain people and certain people are well suited to certain environments (Gottfredson & Johnstun, 2009). In an interview conducted with Mr. Suparamaniam aka Mr. Bala, we found out that he is a 52 years old man working as a Senior Maintenance Supervisor at Singapore Turf Club. He has been working for this organisation for over 30 years. Based on Holland’s theory, there are six core environment and personality types (Nauta, 2010). They are Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising and Conventional (Mankar, n.d.). These are further abbreviated to develop the acronym, RIASEC. Given Mr.

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