Another key contributor is Frantz Fanon. He is one of the earliest writers linked to post-colonialism. Fanon examined the nature of colonialism and those dominated by it in his book “The Wretched of the Earth”. He emphasised that colonialism is the source of violence and his interpretation of the systematic relationship between colonialism and its efforts to refute "all attributes of humanity" to the colonies, formed the foundation for related critiques of colonial and postcolonial systems. 2.0 Viewpoint of the
Postcolonial nations continue to live with the invasion of Western ideologies even after the departure of colonial powers from the country (Xie, 1997, p. 11). In this sense, there exists a transition in the carefully constructed colonized system into the formation of a new national identity, one that supersedes the West’s. However, colonial systems are intricate and permeates through spaces other than just political and social; It deconstructs local culture and education, and replaces ‘traditional values’ with ‘civilised’ ones (Xie, 1997, p. 15). Hodge and Mishra’s (2005) essay expands on the problems that exist in the study of postcolonialism. One of the problems related to postcolonialism is the leaks of insight into religious structures that exist in the native society.
It is an irony or quiet paradox to apply, as this dissertation does, postcolonial theory to the postcolonial novels, or those novels depicting ex-colonial subject resistance to colonial traditions while living in the very heart of the colonial center, i.e., London; nevertheless, such an application reveals the conflicting sides of the characters’ identity, which has grown in part from attempting to fit in: "The mimic is a contradictory figure who simultaneously reinforces colonial authority and disturbs it"  Keywords: Post colonialism, Identity, Exile Introduction Exile as an awful experience, must be considered as a separate idea. This is the incurable enforced separation of the self from its native place and culture. The indispensable sadness of the separation persists forever. While history and literature depict romantic, heroic, glorious, even successful episodes during an
His poem refers to the personal, political, and cultural scars that remain from British colonization of the Caribbean and the pressure it leaves on individuals is emphasized through the incorporation of personal experiences. Walcott’s cultural identity and West Indian heritage shapes the way language is used in the poem, it results in the colourful use of patois blended with other forms of English. This blend of languages is used effectively to create evocative descriptions of the Caribbean and its cultural history while at the same time preserving culture and encouraging opposing cultures to
Munro states that the authors from various backgrounds such as: Anglophone, Francophone, Hispanophone as well as the United States and Canada drew on their own understanding of Caribbean time, history, place and being in an effort to renew this popular form of literary work (x-xi). Caribbean Culture can be based on language, history, economic features and ethnic groups. Each island or territory is characterized by its own distinct cultural practices, however linking us, in many ways, together as a people. The dynamics of colour, race and class within Caribbean societies from early years of colonization have been the anchor of historical research. Racism dictated the emergence of a slavery ideology.
It is appropriate to analyse “This Earth of Mankind” by Pramoedya Ananta Toer because it represents the struggle of a Native Indonesian against colonialism. The writer uses postcolonial analysis by Edward W. Said and Homi Bhabha theory. Edward (1978) stated that in the post-colonialist theory, there is racial understones which is an inferior view to orientals. In the literary works, texts were in the perspectives of the colonized (oppressed). This Earth of Mankind novel is narrated from the perspectives of the colonized (oppressed) side, in which in this novel is narrated by Pramoedya Ananta Toer 's, a native Indonesian young
The landscape of English literature developed in divergent dimensions during the later half of the twentieth century. Nations of Asia and Africa, freed from colonial rule, tried to build their own literary composition on the lines of their national culture. Commonwealth nations, with their mastery over English language, tried to project their national ethos to the international audience. Post-colonial literature not only fractured the hegemony of the west, but also infused ‘newness’ into English literature, thereby making it a configuration of diverse cultures. Twentieth century Africa has witnessed changes of far reaching consequences in all stages of life.
Abstract: Chinua Achebe, the recipient of Man Booker International Prize,2007, has one interest which is to be responsible to the fate or destiny of his people and society. Achebe as an African writer, his writing especially novels portray the various colors and texture of the post-colonial African reality. Observations such as socio-psychological impacts influence the author and so the literature. Hence, the post-colonial literature is described in The Empire Writes Back, as "what each of these literatures has in common beyond their special and distinctive regional characteristics is that they emerged in their present form out of the experience of colonization and asserted themselves by foregrounding the tension with the imperial power and by emphasizing their difference from the assumptions of the imperial center. It is this which makes them distinctively post-colonial".
This satire could make contribution to the realization of the deconstructive reading and writing towards the authority of colonial discourse, and thus letting mimicry take its importance in the postcolonial reading and writing. If it is unconscious and ambiguous for the colonized to mimic and ironize the colonizer in the colonial period, then in postcolonial writing, it can be said that mimicry is used to “make fun of what we don’t like in the West and can counter attack it” (Gupta 10). In this
colonial writings. They state that literature make by the fact that the writers of post- colonialism “emerged in their present form act of the experience of colonization and asserted themselves by foregrounding the tension with the imperial power, and by emphasizing their difference from the assumptions of the imperial centre”. Post- colonial texts present syncretism, disruption and poly-glossy within the colonial itself. The post- colonial writers declare, “South African writing clearly demonstrates that political impetus of the post- colonial begins well before the moment of independence”. The writers of The Empire Writes Back propose the theory of post-colonial literature but frequently their propose reject at most level.