Carica Papaya Case Study

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Carica papaya belongs to caricaceae family is used in ayurvedic medicines from very long time. It is used as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, diuretic, antibacterial, abortifacient, vermifuge, hypoglycemic, antifungal activity, antihelmenthic and immunomodulatory etc. Scientific evidences suggest their versatile biological function that supports its traditional use in different diseases. Phytochemical studies showed that plant contains mainly alkaloids carpaine, pseudocarpaine, tannins, flavnoids, carcin, gamma terpine, glycoside carposides, sugars etc. Roshan et al (2014) Upgade and Bhaskar (2013) investigated the phytocompounds of the methanolic extract of C. papaya using GC-MS. Crushed fresh young leaves were sequentially extracted in a…show more content…
Products from both processing methods, and the unripe seeds were examined for their biochemical properties compared to fresh sample. Significant reductions (P<0.05) were observed for pH (6.437), oil level (25.600%), and alkaline phosphatase activity of fermented seed; polyphenol oxidase activities of dried and fermented seeds; tannin of unripe (1.265 mg/gm); titratable acidity of unripe and dried seeds; phytin levels of all the products. The seeds, and the fermentation product may be useful for bio-fuel, medicinal and industrial…show more content…
BG and BITC are compounds of importance from both a nutritional and a crop yield standpoint. Rosetto et al (2008) reported data on the distribution and changes of BG and BITC levels during fruit development and ripening. BG and BITC levels were quantified in peel, pulp, and seeds of papaya fruit. The influence of the ethylene in BG and BITC levels and mirosinase activity was tested by exposing mature green fruits to ethylene and 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP). The highest BG levels were detected in seeds, followed by the peel and pulp being decreased in all tissues during fruit development. The fact that BG levels in the pulp did not decrease during ripening, regardless of the treatment employed and papaya is consumed mainly as fresh fruit as a good dietary source for glucosinolate and

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