The concept of personality has fascinated psychologists for years. Allport proposed the hierarchy of traits – cardinal, central, and secondary traits (Allport, 1945). Cattell also proposed his theory, the sixteen dimensions of human personality (Cattell, 1944). Jung developed a type-based theory of personality, with different dichotomous personality categories, which was further developed by Myers and Briggs in 1962 to produce the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Ford, 2013). Some psychologists have even argued that personality does not exist; that people change behaviour over time and across various situations.
This essay aims to explore the context, references and influences of the article ’Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena’ by Donald Winnicott, published in 1953. I am going to evaluate of the main ideas and arguments inside and outside the context. To begin with, Donald Winnicott (1896-1971) was an English paediatrician who studied psychoanalysis under Melanie Klein, a highly influential psychoanalyst in the 20th century. Winnicott became a child analyst in 1935 and a full member of the British Psychoanalytic Society. In the piece that I am going to examine, he introduces and develops the concepts of –what he calls-transitional objects and phenomena as a result of his close observations during clinical study.
Diane Trister Dodge is the lead author of The Creative Curriculum for Preschool which is managed through Teaching Strategies, LLC founded in 1988. The article History of Creative Curriculum tells us “The creative curriculum’s foundation is based on the findings of six main theorists: Brazelton, Maslow, Erikson, Greenspan, Piaget, and Vygotsky. Through their views on children the curriculum is constructed as a guideline for how to provide the best possible care and education for young children” (pg. 2). It also informs us that “T.
The authors of this article were concerned with the relevance and efficacy of the structural family therapy model in the twenty-first century. In order to address their inquiry, they used psychology databases to examine recent professional literature in the field of family therapy. The review of literature reveals that the structural model has evolved to meet the needs to current post-modern needs as evidenced by the finding that adaptability was the primary topic of six publications. According to McAdams et al. (2016), research indicates that the structural family therapy model is notable for attentiveness to client diversity.
When mentioning the Adult Attachment Theory, it provides the extensive work of Bowlby, 1997 for a clear understanding on the development of bonds with others. Likewise, the author delivers important insides into the early experience of mother/child relationships, but also in reference to adult/adult similarities. Waters et al, 2002 states how Bowlby replaced Freud´s Drive Reduction Model of psychodynamics structures about motivation, with the one that emphasizes roles relationships introducing a concept of mental model into his work, actually, Bowlby rejecting categorically his Drive Reduction Theory. Waters et al, 2002 also mention the statement that initially Bowlby documented and criticized some vulnerabilities in the originals Freud´s
Then the relationship becomes a safe haven and a healing environment for both partners. EFCT empowers couples by showing them new systematic ways to take control of dances of disconnection and conflict and, even more important, help each other move into the open close embrace that is a secure loving bond. The de-escalation of negative cycles and an expanded emotional experience help couples transform their typical negative patterns of interaction. Thus, EFCT achieves its goal to help couples create a secure emotional bond with each other. EFCT is based on a theory of adult love that has been supported by the latest research in neuroscience.
Personality makes us who we are and it plays a significant role in influencing most of our daily decisions such as what we choose to do for a living, who we choose to be our friends, our romantic partners and how we interact with our family (About.com). However, the question still remains about what personality is? According to Wade and Tavris, Personality refers to the distinctive pattern of behaviour, mannerism, thoughts and emotions that characterizes an individual over time (2008). Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, along with others who came after him studied Personality and developed theories of personality that are still referenced today. For instance, the movie “As Good as It Gets” comprises of several characters with different personalities, offering an ideal arena to analyse each character by the different theories of personality.
Person-centered therapy developed in the 1930’s by psychologist Dr Carl Rogers (1902-1987), person-centered therapy divided from the formal role of the therapist highlighted in psychoanalysis. Carl Rogers emphasised the humanistic perspective as well as ensuring therapeutic relationships with clients promote self-esteem, authenticity and actualisation in their life, and help them to use their strengths (Seligman, 2006). He propelled a way to deal with psychotherapy and guiding that, at the time (1940s – 1960s), was considered greatly radical if not progressive. In the late 1960s, person-centered therapy got to be connected with the human potential development. This development, going back to the mid 1900s, mirrored a modified point of view
This paper will tackle the contributions of Carl Roger and B.F. Skinner to the theories of personality. Carl Rogers was conceived in 1902. He was an American clinical psychologist, who was known for his advancement of new routines for therapy treatments. Carl Rogers got his PhD from Columbia University in 1931. At that point Rogers was already included in work with mistreated kids.
Today, guest speaker Christine Harriger spoke with the honors college about what our Myers Briggs personality test says about ourselves and our career paths. My personality is termed the “Defender” (ISFJ-T). I am especially introverted, judging and turbulent, observant, and the feeling type. The “Defender’s” personality type is the backbone of the workforce and best suited for the service of others. I typically enjoy supporting my coworkers, as it gives me the opportunity to seek practical solutions to things and also calm my worries.