In the book, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant argues that the general concept of morality is divided into two rules of reason. The first rule of reason for morality is the hypothetical imperative. These imperatives include characteristics such as customs, fashion, happiness, prudence, taste, art, i.e. As Kant reasons in his work, “The hypothetical imperative that represents practical necessity of the action as a means to furthering happiness is assertotic. One may expound it as necessary not merely to an uncertain, merely possible aim, but to an aim, that one can presuppose safely and a priori with every human being, because it belongs to his essence.
However, we bring the meaning to it. The meaning of life is whatever we ascribe it to be. The naturalistic view seems to me a realistic one – “being alive is the meaning”. This is kind of objective sense of the purpose of life. As humanists, we create our purposes in life and then striving to achieve them can, in itself, provide a sense of meaning.
He is known for the AP exam [the big Humanist]. He coined the self theory which highlights the idea of everyone is good people inherently and everyone wants to achieve our potential. Rogers called this as our actualizing tendency and we need genuineness [being our actual self; being open with our feelings], empathy [to be able to put ourselves into someone else's shoes] and acceptance [accept our true self and others without any reservations; unconditional positive regard] in order to reach our potential. Rollo May [1909-1994] is mostly responsible for integrating the humanism and existential traditions; who is also an outspoken critic. May had a different concept about humanism compared to Rogers though.
Talking about humanistic theory, it homes in on human’s ideals and subjective matters. In fact, it mainly addresses how humans use his values, worth, capacities or abilities, creativity to realize his life goals or ultimate potential, self-actualization. Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers are two major exponents of the Humanistic Theory in advancing it. This paper will investigate the
The theory under humanistic approach that helped to reflect and gain insight about myself is Carl Roger’s personality theory. The reason I chose this theory because I feel it holds true to my personality development compared and I like his concept and emphasis on the importance of the self-actualizing tendency in shaping human personalities. This is mainly because I feel I am more responsible for
The philosophical point of views of REBT were developed from hedonism, humanistic as well as rational views. Hedonism explains the concepts of seeking pleasure and avoiding pain, responsible hedonism therefore primarily maintains pleasure over long-term while avoiding short-term pleasures that can result in pain. The humanistic view of REBT involve viewing human beings as holistic, goal oriented and have interests. On other hand, the rational view of REBT entails using efficient, flexible, logical and scientific ways that can be used to achieve goals and values in presence of feelings/emotions (Dozois & Beck,
More commonly known as morals, they are a excellent representation of an individual 's experiences. Certain skills can be more effective than others leading to success, however a balanced range of expertise will always prosper under the right circumstances. Success can be defined in many different ways, however I feel it is measured by constant self improvement. In order to feel like I am one step closer to being successful, I believe I should value the right things such as honesty, creativity and optimism. I believe these values are very important because I would want to be surrounded by people with these personality traits in my everyday life.
It adopts a holistic approach to human existence and pays special attention to such phenomena as creativity, free will, and human potential. Maslow wanted to learn more about what makes people do the things they do to achieve a specific aim. He then introduced his concept of the “Hierarchy of Needs”. Depicted in a pyramid, one must satisfy their lower level needs before moving up the pyramid to satisfy higher level needs. This theory is beneficial because it allows one to see and understand where and why problem behaviors are developed.
Functionings are states of being and doing such as being well-nourished, having shelter. They should be distinguished from the commodities employed to achieve them. Capability refers to the set of valuable functionings that a person has effective access to. Thus, a person’s capability represents the effective freedom of an individual to choose between different functioning combinations between different kinds of life that she has reason to value. One reason that social scientists and philosophers are so keen to specify a list is that it can be used as an index: by ranking all the different constituents of the flourishing life with respect to each other it would allow easier evaluation of how well people are doing.
INTRODUCTION In the field of psychology positive psychology is the new branch which deals with human happiness and have been the new focused area that search what is positive, creative, and fulfilling in human behavior. It is also recognized as one of the scientific study of what people do right. The areas like emotions, strengths, virtues, meaning, experiences, and purpose is inspected by positive psychology. positive psychology is best originally understood by applying it to oneself and it never denied the negative aspects of life. The major purpose of the invention of positive psychology is that to relate yourself with you by experiencing your own understanding and improvement of wellbeing and to implement positive psychology in the world around you and also improving its implication in your personal, professional, social fields of life.