Seligman believes that these five elements can help people reach a life of fulfillment, happiness, and meaning. Basically, Seligman says human beings desire to flourish; in addition to wanting happiness, they desire to be good at something, to have fulfilling relationships, and to have meaning in their lives (Flourish, page 16). Seligman’s theory strives to influence individuals and increase their psychological well-being. His positive psychology offers a unique view on mental health through focusing on individual strengths. The goal of positive psychology is to assist individuals in creating meaningful lives through the promotion of positive emotions, individual character strengths, as well as, happiness, as key components to optimal mental health.
First, the theory of ethical egoism. According to this theory, “actions are morally right because they maximize self-interest” (Farias, 2012, slide 6). When occupational therapists agree to perform duties or work on skills that are outside of the OT scope of services, they are working to promote their own self-interests and well-being. It feels good to help others and when we believe that we are going above and beyond to keep our clients happy, we are doing what is in our best interests. Since ethical egoism states that “it is individualistic, and the right thing to do is maximize one’s own utility,” then this dilemma holds true (Burgess-Jackson, 2013, p. 532).
Sarai Gonzalez Merrill Ethics Sept.19,2016 Plato’s Ring of Gyges I would have to say the point of Plato’s Ring of Gyges, in my opinion, is that we are the same in a logical reason. This story is to layout that a ring would corrupt a moral person and the reason why they are acting morally is that are scared of being caught. For reasons that will justify that to do injustice is good, and to suffer injustice is evil. We have done both, experienced both, and cannot avoid it even if we try. I have to say Glaucon is right, he says we (humans) act normally because we are scared of punishment.
Explain relevant theories of communication (humanist, behaviourist, cognitive, psycho-analytical) including an example of how each may be applied in a health and social care setting Humanistic Theory Humanistic Theory was theorised by Carl Rogers (1946) and Abraham Maslow (1943). Humanism is the study of a person as a whole. Carl Rogers believed that people can fulfil their potential if they have positive self-regard. This can only happen if they feel valued and respected by those around them. Rogers believed that most people only feel loved and valued if they meet conditions of worth, for example, behaving well.
This can be backed up by the act Utilitarianism theory which states that the rightness of an act depends solely on its consequences( Ferguson, 2015). This theory allows us to perform acts that would maximize happiness in the society. Changing barriers in the environment would result in promoting happiness and achieving better patient outcomes. Utilitarians assume that happiness consists of pleasure and the absence of pain and pleasure further includes intellectual, artistic, physical as well as sensual pleasures( Ferguson, 2015). According to the home care act, a long term care home is primarily the home of its residents and it is to be operated in a way that depicts it as a place where the residents may live with dignity and in security,safety
Jack Welch’s standards of a good leader do cover the bases of the HEAD, HEART, and FEET analogy. His epitomes were that a leader should have positive energy, passion, and integrity, which all fall under the HEART part of the analogy. He looks for the ability to execute plans and skill to energize others to do more, which fall under the FEET category of the analogy. He also believes a leader should be intelligent. Not just book smart but, intelligence with a strong emotional component.
Rogers believes that we behave the way we die because of the situation we our put in. On other words only we know ourselves better than anyone else. Rogers states that human beings have the tendency to fill one’s self purpose. He believed just as John Locke did that human beings learn from experience and are inherently good. Everyone is looking for their “ideal self who they would like to be.” Since humans are constantly developing Rogers believes that your personal experiences is what guides us to become better as individuals.
The humanistic perspective on personality bargains solely with human conduct. Humanistic psychology trust that human instinct incorporates a characteristic drive towards self-awareness. People have the flexibility to pick what they do paying little respect to ecological variables, and people are for the most part cognizant creatures and are not controlled by oblivious needs and clashes. They likewise trust that a man 's subjective perspective of the world is more vital than target reality (McLeod, S. 1970). The humanistic perspective considers the chain of importance of necessities that an individual has and after that considers which are the most critical.
The theory under humanistic approach that helped to reflect and gain insight about myself is Carl Roger’s personality theory. The reason I chose this theory because I feel it holds true to my personality development compared and I like his concept and emphasis on the importance of the self-actualizing tendency in shaping human personalities. This is mainly because I feel I am more responsible for
Two philosophies that are present in both the story and in the movie, were celebrating the spirit of the individual, and that people are inherently good and should follow their own beliefs. First, one of the most important philosophies of Romanticism is the celebrating of the individual. Emerson believes that being an individual is crucial, “Whose would
The characteristics include empathy, caring, positive attitude, respect, hope, genuineness, autonomy for the client, and mutuality (Austin, 2002, pp. 119-127). These all are important due to the fact they all support a successful atmosphere to work in. Looking at the list, you realize you must minimize the potential for negativity. The client needs these to feel as if they matter as well as establish their self-worth.
From the statement one can conclude that it is a leaders’ job to help people, in this case the citizens of America, feel safe and valued. This is why, I believe, strong leadership is the key to having a strong America because leaders are meant to help and make things comfortable and efficient for everyone. I also believe that if the leaders make a positive environment for the citizens, it would make the citizens work hard to make a strong
Humanistic perspective studies each uniques person and how their thoughts and behaviors are a result of their feelings about themselves. Humanists, such as Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, identify basic human needs that need to be met in order for the person to achieve their own version of success and happiness. The behaviorist perspective studies how the environment affects observable behaviors. Famous behaviorist studies conducted by Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner demonstrated how behavior is conditioned by stimuli in the environment. The cognitive perspective focuses on how humans process information.
Self-efficacy and motivation are key factors in successful behavior changes. In life I value success, balance, freedom, resilience and my well-being. These values will influence my career because, when choosing a career, it is important to have values. People who choose careers that are aligned with beliefs and values are more likely to find contentment and success in their