1.0 Background Carl Rogers was among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology, Rogers is the founder of person- centered therapy which views humans positively. This approach has variously been called person-centered therapy or non-directive supportive therapy and client centered therapy. Carl Rogers emphasized the value of acceptance and non-judgemental listening. Rogers believed that humans has their own potential and ability to grow. He started his career in psychology studying clinical and educational psychology at Teachers College, Columbia University.
he essentially believed that all people were trustworthy and good. He felt that one possessed self- direction and the capability to self-heal through solving their own problems. ( Corey, 2016, Shebib, 2017). Rogers viewed the client as the expert to promote self-change and foster growth (Shebib, 2017). Rogers believed in the client’s possess the abilities to make positive changes for themselves and live effective and productive lives and foster a goal-oriented (Coady & Lehmann,
Prosocial behaviour does not need to be motivated by altruism all the time and altruistic motivation does not need to produce prosocial behaviour. This paper discusses about what causes prosocial behaviour and whether it is being learnt by nature or nurture. There are several theories and views by social psychologists, scientists and researchers who support and criticised a statement at the same time. As what we have
Person Centered Therapy and the Case of Fritz Patient Centered Therapy (PCT) assumes that the patient is the expert on themselves. That human beings are naturally positive, trustworthy, capable of growth and they are drawn to towards realizing their full potential. In the right setting, we will become our most creative selves. PCT defies tenants of other therapeutic models, such as psychoanalysis, because it does not put the therapist at the helm. It is the client who chooses direction and the therapist shares the journey as more of a facilitator than a navigator.
Self actualisation is another strength to this form of therapy as it “helps the client to fully concentrate on themselves and guide in decision making for growth and develop into an honest, selfless and independent person” according to Mearns (1994). This helps the client to have autonomy, gives them self growth and self acceptance and all of which I feel are necessary for Gloria. Rogers strives on having a good relationship between the client and therapist whereas Ellis believes that this is not necessary for effective counselling session or for personality change. However, the negative side to person-centred counselling could be that the client is not challenged by anyone as the therapist does not give opinions or suggestions. There is no structure to the therapy session and therefore it relies on the client to be heavily involved in the counselling session and this maybe too optimistic for some clients as they are not getting answers, so they may find it hard to progress.
It follows the Rogerian principles of Humanistic psychology and believes that no two persons share the same thoughts, perceptions, and behavior. Existential therapy is viewed as a person focused treatment. This implies the instructor treats the client with positive respect and acknowledges the person's capacity to settle on his own decisions throughout everyday life. Existential methodologies are humanistic in nature, in that they accentuate the person's characteristic worth and poise. Dissimilar to customary psychotherapy, existential treatments are non-mandate, and the advocate abstains from making wide translations or dissecting the customer.
It aims to discover and promote the factors that allow the human beings and the civilisation to thrive. Positive psychology is grounded in the belief that people want to have and lead a peaceful and meaningful as well as a fulfilling life. They want to cultivate what is best in them and to enhance their experiences and perception of love, work and play. This branch of psychology is intended to enhance
In the post industrial society, humanism had become more important; for example, psychoanalysis and behaviorism couldn’t have created the emotional intelligence needed. The basics of this philosophy is that everyone has value and the right to gain self-realization, whether that’d be through reason or logical thought. Humanistic principles continued to grow all way into the second half of the 20th century and since then humanism has adopted a sort of holistic approach to the human existence. It also pays close special attention to any phenomena such as creativity, human potential, as well as free will. Humanistic psychology recognizes spiritual endeavors as an essential part of the mind.
If the answer to the first question is the problem or the consequence of mental and spiritual sickness client, but not as a subject of morality, the two versions of the extreme positions (8, p.83) may exist on the second question. One assumes that the consultant is objective, value - neutral and does not contribute to the consultative process their life values and the system of philosophy. He needs to be focused on customer value. The most important factor that ensures the effectiveness of the consultative communication system is a psychologist-counselor values, implying during counselling are not borrowing a certain position on moral and value
(Rogers, 1979) 6. The communication to the client of the therapist’s empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard are to some degree achieved PCT emphasises the relationship between the counsellor and the client. For PCT to be effective, the client must be aware, to some level, of the existence of the therapist’s empathy and unconditional positive regard for the client. If not, they do not exist in the relationship for client and so change cannot occur in therapy (Rogers,