It is possible that Halfe wrote this poem in an attempt to challenge the gender binary, however one stands to question how successfully she is in doing so. In Butler’s theory, she introduces the idea that each woman’s feminism is her
Historically, women in literature are oftentimes not afforded kind treatment, and both the wife and daughter in The Reeve’s Tale have a worse fate by far. Poet Chaucer adheres to the stereotypes of the day when describing their appearance, giving scant clues into the minds of the two ladies. Reduced to extensions of the miller in the tale, their respective husband and father, the women are bound by typical gender roles dictating the
From Stylistics to Narratology A Critical Reading of Charlotte Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” Abstract This paper aims to analyze “The Yellow Wallpaper” a short story written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman employing a combination of two stylistics tools, namely transitivity and presupposition. Studying such linguistic elements coupled with background contextual factors aim at illustrating the female protagonist’s attempt to liberate herself from her husband’s restraints which characterize the pressure that was brought to bear on women by the Victorian society. The male-domineering America of the nineteenth-century would dictate ideal values of femininity including sexual purity, piety, domesticity and submissiveness with the least degree of tolerance for any “deviant” behavior on women’s side such as using their own intellect and talent. The narratological techniques employed in this story can further be utilized as a great indicator revealing the process of the main character’s mental deterioration which is caused by her deprivation from mental and physical activities. The narrator-focalizer proves to be unreliable throughout the text, though this unreliability serves to bond the implied author to its implied audience.
A constant comparison and contrast between Maggie and Dee is prominent structural feature of the narrative. This structural strategy helps in conceptualizing the plurality of female experience within the same milieu. This strategy encapsulates another dimension of womanism, viz., womanism refuses to treat black woman as a homogeneous monolith. Unlike feminist position, womanism is sensitive to change with time. This womanist conceptualization is shown by a nuanced destruction by Dee’s response to the quilt, which is the main metaphor in the story.
In his article, Listening to Guinevere: Female Agency and the Politics of Chivalry in Tennyson’s Idylls, Stephen Ahern examines the treatment of women in the poems, specifically the character of Guinevere in relation to her male counterpart Arthur, and provides a complex view of Tennyson’s underlying message as a critique on the Victorian social constructs of his time rather than a simple representation of it. Ahern builds a solid argument for Guinevere’s treatment as the victim in the story ultimately signifying that she was being used as a model of the wrongs of the standard Victorian expectation of femininity. This complex analysis of the text gives a different, more modern perspective of the poems. The key features of his argument cite
This thesis will be used to investigate key themes Atwood employs, such as feminism, identity, sense of self, and social class. While many of her works serve to critique the patriarchy, this thesis also intends to investigate the way she portrays women within her novels and how they are used as a tool of men to enforce a second form of misogyny; women’s hatred of women. The Edible Woman is a novel in which Atwood examines the themes of identity and sense of self, as the protagonist Marian struggles with her realization that she has few options available to
In “The Story of an Hour,” the main character faced patriarchal oppression by not being able to liberate herself and her desire for freedom. “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman portrays patriarchal oppression through the narrator’s stream of consciousness. The women of these texts reflect on the patriarchal oppression and have had an impact on women’s ability of self-expression, cultural roles, resistance of patriarchal oppression, and recognition. Throughout history, patriarchal advantages has taken a toll on a woman’s ability to express themselves and their daily lives. Donald Hall claims in his feminist analysis “Literary and Cultural Theory” that throughout centuries, patriarchal oppression of women has been impacted on a woman 's ability to express themselves (Hall 202).
The Reality of Edna’s Awakening Kate Chopin’s The Awakening was a dramatic novella that was based on society and how Edna was treated, love and independence of finding her true self. The author inputs the theme in a numerous amount of literary devices that include round character, irony and a metaphor to exaggerate the theme. This shows how Edna has two sides to herself; the one that tries to fit into society and another side that the public can see as a swell mother. First of all, Edna wanted to break her place in society as she was part of the “mother- woman” status. Chopin used round character to describe Edna’s dramatic change throughout the novel as she has the “ability to publicly flirt” and go with other men, even though she was originally
Alison Easton’s essay, “Hawthorne and the question of women,” approaches how Hawthorne’s texts interact with gender construction and gender binaries from the nineteenth century. Easton frequently connects Hawthorne’s personal life experiences (such as his marriage in 1842) and larger social happenings in America (urbanization) to his writing. This essay traces how marriage, class, public/private sphere, femininity, and gender constructions shift, change, and complicate throughout Hawthorne’s works. Easton uses the ideas concerning “True Womanhood,” 19th century feminism (comments from Margaret Fuller repeat in the essay), and the looming “Woman Question” to analyze Hawthorne’s short stories and novels. Her main argument is that gender concerns were rapidly changing and shifting in the 19th century Post-Revolution and urbanized American Society, and that Hawthorne reflects this turbulence in his writing.
This paper seeks to offer an intrinsic analysis of the play, illustrating a society that promotes sexism, sexist exploitation and depression. The paper will use the feminist literary theory adopting key concepts: patriarchy, heteronormativity and queer theory in highlighting these instances. The writer used the text, “In the chest of a woman”, as a social commentary to highlight barriers women face in their effort to achieve their desires. As an illustration of the stated theme, Nana Yaa Kyeretwie desired to possess power, however, she being a woman placed her on a disadvantaged side as her younger brother was bestowed with the Ebusa Kingdom. The queen mother told her, “…but you are not a man” when she insisted that she wanted to rule the whole kingdom.