• MRI. • CT scan. RISK FACTORS This condition is more likely to develop in: • People who play contact or collision sports, especially without adequate protective equipment. • People with poor shoulder strength and flexibility. • People who do not warm up properly before physical activity.
The third group would involve a deep abrasion with loss of skin, subcutaneous cover and tendon substance. The fourth group involves a few features such as transepiphyseal plate fracture in children, hyperflexion injury with fracture of articulatng surface of less than half and hyperextension injury with fracture of articulating surface more than half along with early or late volar subluxation of the distal phalanx (Parvizi & Kim, 2010, p.286). Other signs and symptoms of mallet finger would be a pop or rip sensation felt in the affected finger during time of injury. Immediately after injury, pain can be felt when the injured finger is moved. The individual might also find passive movement of the finger possible but it is difficult to straighten the bent finger at the last joint with their own strength.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome What it is: Carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful hand and arm condition that causes numbness, tingling, and other symptoms; it is caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist. It occurs when other tissues such as ligaments and tendons get inflamed and press against the median nerve and can make part of your hand hurt or feel numb. The carpal tunnel is a narrow tunnel of ligaments and bones that protects your median nerve, which provides sensation to your thumb, index finger, long finger, and part of the ring finger. Symptoms: Numbness, burning pain, and tingling in your thumb, index, and middle fingers. Patients may also experience weakness in the hand and decreased grip strength.
The central cord syndrome occurs due to a spinal cord injury. When the person is affected loss of sense and motions of hands and legs is a common symptom. The central cord syndrome occurs due to the damage in the gray matter area of the spinal cord. In spinal stenosis is rare disorder which shows a narrowing of spinal cord in the foramen. It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia.
Injury to the sciatic nerve results in sciatica, pain that may extend from the buttock down the posterior and lateral aspect of the leg and the lateral aspect of the foot” (1). Sciatic pain has a range, “from a mild ache to a sharp, burning sensation or excruciating pain. Sometimes it can feel like a jolt or electric shock. It can be worse when you cough or sneeze, and prolonged sitting can aggravate symptoms. Usually only one side of your body is affected” (2).
The episodes of numbness in the chin and lower lip and the sensations of prickling (pins and needles) at the right corner of her mouth are due to the alterations in the functions of somatic nervous system. Hypoesthesia is a state of loss or decreasing the capacity of sensation in general and skin in particular. The hypoesthesia is characterized by an insufficient response against the stimulus. Paresthesia is state where the individual felt a sensation of numbness or creeping. It usually occurs in the extremities of limbs and other parts of the body such as mandible or upper jaw.
It is a case wherein the extensor tendon that crosses the distal interphalageal joint or DIP responsible for the straightening of the finger is damaged, causing the finger to be deformed. A flexion force applied on the tip of the extended finger pushes the DIP to flex. It usually happens on many athletes. This occurs when an object, for example a ball with a high velocity strikes the finger creating a huge impact to the bones and forcibly bends it. A worse thing can happen, when the force is greater it may pull away a bone along with the tendon.
The characteristic symptoms of PAD include-fatigue, heaviness, tiredness, or painful cramping in your hip, thigh or calf muscles that occur after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. What are the symptoms of peripheral artery disease? Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition, in which a build-up of
• Quadriplegia - Spastic quadriplegia is the most severe form of spastic CP and affects all four limbs, the trunk, and the face. People with spastic quadriparesis usually cannot walk and often have other developmental disabilities such as intellectual disability; seizures; or problems with vision, hearing, or speech. - Athetoid Cerebral Palsy People with athetoid or dyskinetic CP have problems controlling the movement of their limbs making it difficult to move and walk. Muscle tone fluctuates regularly between being too tight and being too loose. The movements are uncontrollable, varying from slow to rapid and jerky.
The median nerve runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand and passes through a narrow, rigid passageway of ligament and bones at the base of the hand (NIH). This area of the wrist is called the carpal tunnel, thickening from irritated tendons and swelling here causes compression on the median nerve resulting in carpal tunnel syndrome. The increase pressure on the median nerve can result from a combination of
Patients with spondylitis, which is the most common causes of neck pain, and comes from inflammation of the vertebral joints. Patients with spondylitis usually have capsulitis inflammation also. Gentle traction may help decrease a muscle spasm for pain relief. Researchers still need more evidence to find out if cervical traction is really effective and a relief for this list of problems. As of now, research is finding the same answers, stating that cervical traction does help if
• Bruising or redness at the base of the thumb. This can spread to the whole thumb and part of the hand. • Swelling over the injured area. • Difficulty grasping or pinching with the injured thumb due to weakness or pain. • A lump (mass) may be felt under the skin in the inured area if the injury is severe.
The patient mostly comes with pain at the sacrum region and radiates to the extension sciatic nerve. More symptoms can occur as: pain aggravates with activity, abnormal gain (antalegic gate), numbness of the leg, and pain if rising from squatting. The Piriformis muscle spasm may appears as a palpable mass in the buttock area (Chaitow L, 1998). The Prifiormis syndrome can lead to some complications as the swelling and the DVT due to the entrapment of the nerves and blood vessels (Bustamante & Houlton, 2001). The ROM of the hip showed normal muscle joint integrity where there was no limited movement due to Piriformis spam.
The trapezius is a large muscle in the upper back that helps to control the shoulder blade (scapula) and stabilize the spine. Trapezius palsy happens when a nerve (spinal accessory nerve) that connects the spinal cord to the trapezius muscle becomes damaged. This causes pain and weakness in the back of the shoulder and the upper back. This also limits the range of motion of the shoulder joint. Damage to the spinal accessory nerve usually happens because of an injury to the back or shoulder.