In an essay, her Ex Husband states that her attempted suicide “had grown from the decisive event in her childhood, which was the death of her father when she was eight.”(Hughes, “On Sylvia Plath”) her poetry “grew out of terrible and shattering and inally unbearable expierences”(Souces 4) Hughes attributes Plath’s depression to her childhood relationships, specifically the death of her father. Her father appears as a theme throughout her works because this event deeply impacted Plath’s life. Plath references her father in her works outright and also in her references to bees. Plath, also herself denotes the relationship between her father and her suicide in the poem “Daddy” saying “I was ten when they buried you. At twenty I tried to die and get back, back, back to you” (“Daddy”, Plath, 76).
In The Cage, by Ruth Minsky Sender, a poignant tone is created through the uses of sympathy, narration and control. A poignant tone means that a characters, or person’s emotions are affected strongly by something. The Cage is about a young girl and her brothers whose lives are destabilized when their mother is taken from them by the Nazis during the Holocaust. The siblings must learn to live on their own and make their own decisions through the hardest time in their lives. The wide use of sympathy in Senders book helps create the poignant tone.
The parental neglect The mother is strongly influenced by her own father. She was raised the same way by her father. She believed that raising a child is just providing a place to sleep and provide food. One can clearly see the evidence based on Piaget’s theory of cognitive development (Bukato & Daehler, 1995), with the mother’s poor cognitive development, Carol did not acquire an opportunity to experience and understand the world. Carol did not have the opportunity to assimilate and accommodate equilibrium.
In Charles Dickens novel, Great Expectations, emerges around a young boy who grows up to being a “gentleman”. A young boy who seems to have no sense of identity, an orphan moved from place to place. Young Pip is an orphan brought up “by hand” by his short tempered, foul mannered sister, whom is married to a blacksmith Joe Gargery. Feeling he is a burden on his sister, young Pip is delighted at being given the opportunity to go off to London to improve himself and his life, he takes off with Miss Havisham`s nephew Herbert Pockett. This move changes young Pip, he disregards his life with the Gargery`s, the life he has once lived.
“Wuthering Heights” by Emily Bronte centers on an obsessive love between Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff and the repercussions that echo throughout their families. Heathcliff enters the lives of the Earnshaws as an unwelcome surprise by way of the patriarch. Taken in as a young child, he is despised and treated harshly by all living at Wuthering Heights with exception of Catherine and Mr. Earnshaw. Catherine and Heathcliff's union, forged and strengthened in adolescence, is the critical juncture of the story. Heathcliff’s origin is a mystery and he is treated as an unworthy outsider further complicating his relationship with Catherine.
Zack’s journey from fun child to irresponsible adult is shown superbly using the archetype of The Eternal Child. This is a literary archetype which either has a positive, negative, or indifferent aspect. The positive being determination of youth, the negative being an inability to grow up and accept responsibility, and the indifferent being immaturity. In this case, Zack fulfills the needs of the negative aspect through his inability to grow up and embrace responsibility that comes with adulthood. Firstly, Zack satisfies this archetype due to the fact that he cannot hold a job and consequently leeches off his parents money.
“Daddy” by Sylvia Plath is a daughter’s overdue words to her dead father. As a vessel for the speaker’s emotional outbreak, the poem alternates among her idolation and fear, and her love and rejection for him, feelings that she constantly struggles between. The work reveals the destructive nature of the memory of the speaker’s father, and portrays her final attempt to break free of its shadow. The poem is one big apostrophe directed at the speaker’s dead father, and in doing so she regresses into her childhood self. She addresses her father as “daddy” like a little kid, speaks in a child-like abrupt manner, and begins the poem with “you do not do/you do not do/ anymore black shoe,” lines that resemble the old nursery rhyme “There is an old woman who lived in a shoe”.
In the poem Mother in a Refugee Camp, the themes of power and powerlessness are shown at the same time consistently throughout the poem. The powerless aspect is shown by the mother’s lack of ability to help her child, as he is described as ‘her tenderness for a son’ that she will ‘soon’ have to ‘forget’. This foreshadows the inevitability of his death and shows the difficulty of the position his mother is in, having to helplessly watch her own son perish. This is also further foreshadowed later on in the poem. Such as when the poet describes the mother’s actions towards her child: he says she is ‘combing’ the ‘hair left on his skull’.
Throughout The Bell Jar and The Catcher in the Rye, Plath and Salinger use their protagonists’ to demonstrate the motif of loss of innocence, caused by tragic events in their youth, to teach the reader that buried childhood trauma can have a negative impact on mental health. In The Catcher in the Rye, Salinger describes Holden’s struggles while growing up after the devastating death of his brother at a young age, to demonstrate the
It can determine the way of life and the psychological reactions of an individual once he or she comes of age. Mugo, in GW, was an unfortunate child who had not the opportunity to grow up with his own parents :"Mugo’s father and mother died poor, leaving him an only child in the hands of a distant aunt, Waithero" (Ngugi wa Thiong’o, 1967). His relationships with his choosy aunt found ground on hatred ; what inevitably moulded a particular personality in the orphan child. His childhood was an expression of a threadbare existence. He was daily treated as a good-for-nothing boy enjoying no rights to voice his mind.