Black history month is known as African-American History Month in America, is an annual observance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom for remembrance of important people and events in the history of the African diaspora. Black history month has been celebrated since 1926, and is greatly appreciated. Black history month month celebrates people like Boston Massacre figure Crispus Attucks, Underground Railroad leader Harriet Tubman, Legal figure Homer Plessy, Civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Bus-riding activist Rosa Parks, ‘Black Power’ advocate Malcolm X, and Educator Booker T. Washington. Due to this group, it is evident how blacks have contributed to the fiber of American culture, ranging from useful inventions to innovative musical interludes, and beyond. Blacks have served and died in defense of their adopted homeland.
Dr. Molefi Kete Asante has been recognized as one of the then most widely cited African Americans. Originally born Arthur Lee Smith Jr., was born August 14, 1942 in Valdosta, Georgia. In 1987, Asante made academic history by establishing the first Ph.D. program in African-American studies at Temple University in Philadelphia,
The New Negro and the rise of Harlem came about at a time when African-Americans began to urbanize and form a unique urban culture. These African-Americans defined themselves on their own terms, were proud to be both of African descent and American citizens, and were not afraid to push back against racism. After WWI more than one million African-Americans moved from the South to Northern cities beginning in 1915 in what became known as the Great Migration. There were several push and pull factors that contributed to the Great Migration. Blacks sought to escape poverty, Jim Crow, and racism as a new KKK formed.
The Freedman sculpture by John Quincy Adams is a very effective piece for alluding to African Americans status during its era. In 1863, John Quincy Adams Ward is considered to be the first sculptor that accurately represented African Americans in his work. The Freedman was shown to the public after Abraham Lincoln gave the Emancipation Proclamation speech which had gone into effect at the beginning of that year. The sculpture showed the new found freedom of African Americans. The statue is made of bronze and is of a black man, with a shackle on one wrist in a sitting position that indicates the motion of rising.
Additionally, it had a driven support for immediate emancipation of slaves in the South. The Liberator implemented moral suasion, which instituted conservative reformers to enforce the Declaration of Independence doctrines in spite of the color of one’s skin. The newspaper helped circulate reasons for the emancipation of slaves in the South in a tranquil manner and in January
However, the discussion of African American culture isn’t limited to the 1920s. Paul Laurence Dunbar showed the potential struggles of being African American in his poem “We Wear the Mask”, written fifty-five years prior to “Dream Deferred”. Both poems share similar tones and themes. “Dream Deferred” by Langston Hughes can serve as a sequel to “We Wear the Mask” by Paul Laurence Dunbar through displaying a cause and effect relationship which highlights the strength of neglect and disguises.
This makes the reader easy to understand the point of the American Revolution or slave trade. The author also mentioned that he thinks that the slavery is the reason what made America a united country. The author also mentions that the slavery helped the constitution of United States get into shape. This book explains that the south people were afraid that north would let go off slavery. The north compromises but later the civil war solves the problem of slavery in United States.
Hugh didn 't want Douglass to be educated because he thought Douglass would become unmanageable and unfit to become a slave if he enters the world of literacy. What would happen if slaves are revealed to education? Why are slaveholders so big on not teaching slaves how to read and write? You start to raise questions and curiosity on finding out the answer. Frederick recalled “I now understood what had been to me a most perplexing difficulty to wit, the white man’s power
Booker T. Washington was the most influential representative for black Americans between 1895 and 1915. During the time that the white and the black were rivals, he gave a speech before the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta. In his speech The Atlanta Exposition Address, not only does he awake the black Americans to get involved into the industrialization, but he also asks for more working opportunities from the white. To reinforce his argument that the two races to cooperate together to push the South to prosperity, Washington employs multiple stylistic elements including parallel structures, peaceful diction and metaphor. Use of parallel structure strengthens Washington’s argument.
Black Power Huey Newton, cofounder of the Black Panthers, once said, “Black Power is giving power to people who have not had power to determine their destiny.” Due to the mistreatment of African Americans a speech was given and a phrase was coined that raised awareness of the struggles of the Civil Rights Movement. Stokely Carmichael was one of many who were leaders in the Civil Rights Movement. In fact, Stokely Carmichael was chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). The SNCC was formed to give younger blacks more of a voice in the Civil Rights Movement. During the March Against Fear, James Meredith was shot on June 5th, 1966.
He went on to co-found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People(NAACP) in 1909. The NAACP’s main goal was to promote racial equality and equal rights, and to completely rid society of racial hate and prejudice and to overall ensure African Americans had equal opportunities economically whether jobs, education, etc. Dubois even ran the NAACP’s official magazine he named “the Crisis” in which he used as a vessel to bring awareness to societal issues regarding race and predjudice, political views, to promote higher education but to most importantly present and promote a more “modern” view of African Americans, that would allow them to be seen as humans, instead of still being treated like
Baldwin was at the center of the civil rights movement. In 1963 Baldwin assembled a group of Black leaders to meet with Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy to discuss race relations. Baldwin came to write this book because he wanted to and was able to give a firsthand account of what it was like to be a “Negro” growing up and then living in a “white” America of the 1960s. This book was James Baldwin’s plea to "end the racial nightmare" (p. 156). It is shocking to read this and to realize how little has changed between 1963 and now.
HBCU Lifestyle has questioned America, “It’s becoming a perennial argument in academic circles: Are HBCU’s still needed in so called post-racial America? History for and about African Americans still matter in recent society.” HBCU’s are what paved the way for African Americans to get equal education during slavery, Civil Rights moment, and the Jim Crow Laws. A scholar should attend an HBCU because of the table of excellence, legacies
Over the past year’s different Afrocentric theorist have formed theories of what black history should represent. One philosopher that I feel we should pay attention to is Alain Locke for his work, “The New Negro”. Alain Leroy Locke was an educator, a philosopher and a writer. Locke publicized the Harlem Renaissance to a wide audience. Alain Locke Charter Academy is named after him in Chicago, Illinois.
He enforced civil rights acts and fought against Ku Klux Klan violence (Broadwater 147). He also introduced the Civil Rights Acts of 1870 and 1875, giving African Americans equal rights compared to others. (Worldbook Online) As well as encouraging the creation of the 15th Amendment, which gave protection to the voting rights of Africans Americans. Grant died on July 23, 1885 in Wilton, New York at the age of sixty-three. (Worldbook Online) Shortly before his death, he completed his second volume of memoirs.