Carthage’s first conflict with Rome was due to the same kind of Government. Carthage has two magistrates called the Suffetes, and they were similar to Rome’s Consul. The council form of elders called the Hundred, that compared to Rome’s Senate. Their Assembly was called Comitia which was as much alike to the Romans, the only thing that separates their equivalent, was the way business was conducted in the government and economically (Morey, 1901). ROME AND CARTHAGE 3 ROME AND CARTHAGE Carthage real power was employed by the wealthy and prominent families and did not have a body of loyal citizens as Rome had.
Introduction: This paper will discuss how Carthage became almost the equal of Rome. It will also discuss the strength of both the Carthage and the Rome and their conflicts, and how these conflicts led Rome to be recognized as mistress of western Mediterranean and become a naval power. Body: The ancient city Carthage, located in the modern-day Tunis in Tunisia. It was originally founded by the sea fearing people Phoenicians. The ancient history tells us that the Rome and Carthage had become rivals as they fought for the control of the Western Mediterranean.
Finally, war broke out when Hannibal attacked the Spanish city of Saguntum, which was an ally of Rome in the Second Punic War (2l8-20l B.C.E.). This entails that despite Carthage were never discouraged by their defeat and Rome still recognized that Carthage was a force to reckon. In terms of human life, thousands of lives were lost on each side with neither Rome nor Carthage making any headway or willing to quit. In military composition studies shows that Carthage was composed almost exclusively of foreign mercenary units while its navy was manned by citizens. The reason of this difference is, that the Carthaginians employed foreign mercenaries; and that on the contrary the Roman armies are composed of citizens, and of the people of the country (Polybius, n.d.), in this respect the government of Rome is greatly preferable to that of Carthage .Also as Carthage 's military battled the Greeks over control of the island of Sicily they were influenced to development of the Carthaginians ' weapons and tactics, causing Carthage to adopt the Greek-style hoplite soldier fighting in the phalanx formation (Wikipedia (2017).The Romans had pool of hundreds of thousands of small farmers to draw upon.
Introduction Rome and Carthage were almost equal in strength and resources. From the early days of the Republic, Rome and Carthage maintained a friendly relationship and even signed a treaty against Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, who was a threat to both states. Comparison Ancient Carthage was a wealthy state with a small population, it employed foreigners to do the unwanted jobs and relied on foreign mercenaries rather than citizens to do her fighting. The mercenaries did not have a sense of belonging to the Carthaginian nation. According to Morey (1901), Carthage was a wealthier nation with brilliant leaders, rich in commercial resources.
But while the Carthaginian government had some outside differences to the Roman, it was in its spirit very different. Therefore, this essay shows the how Carthage became almost the equal of Rome. Carthage formerly a great power in the ancient world was one of the places where people wanted to reside, but Carthage started out as a major power. It was civilization that brought Carthage great glory whereas the people that were using new ideas or methods went out into the sea into new geographic area Morey William C. (1901). At an unspecified later time, the Carthaginian people had control over the Mediterranean Sea through their
In this paper, we will trace how Carthage almost became the equal of Rome, and how the conflict between these two powerhouses led to Rome becoming a great naval power. Carthage was the first foreign power outside of Italy that Rome had come into contact with. Carthage “was originally a colony of Tyre, and had come to be the capital of a great commercial empire on the northern coast of Africa” (Morey, 1901). The city initially began as a small port on the coast, which, was only established as a stop for Phoenician traders to
With these he marched against the Calaici and Lusitani and conquered them, and advancing as far as the ocean, subdued the tribes which never before had been subject to the Romans” (Plutarch). In only a short period of time Caesar conquered all the way to the ocean and even conquered some tribes that had never been touched by the Romans before, which means he conquered a lot of land in one go. Julius Caesar conquered all of Gaul, which is modern day France and Belgium (Billows 130-165). Being able to conquer the densely populated Gaul Empire meant adding about 260,360 square miles to the land of the Roman Empire. By 51 BCE Caesar had conquered 800 cities and subdued 300 tribes (Bishnoi.)
The roman civil war is not just one war it is a set of wars that brought about the end of the Roman Republic and built up the Roman Empire. There is the Caesar Civil War and the Octavian battle which I will be focusing on. In my opinion those are the two main battles of the Roman Empire since the Caesar Civil War was what brought about his assassination and the Octavian battle was the last of the Roman Civil Wars and the end of the Roman Republic. There were many factors that led to the decline of the Roman Empire such as Rome being able to rule almost the whole world being a great power but incapable of ruling itself. Authority was mainly in the hands of the senators that were selected by the Romans; however, there were always internal
Rome fought the “slave army” for a long period of time. Marcus Crassus was the wealthiest man in Rome. He was the only man to apply to be the leader of the Roman Army. Since Crassus was the so wealthy he made sure his men had the most effective weaponry, technology, and armor to ensure his victory. Crassus deployed six of his legions on the borders of the region.
Julius Caesar “Veni, vidi, vici” – Julius Caesar by this he meant “I came, I saw, I conquered”. (www.brainyquote.com) These are three things Julius Caesar did in Rome. Julius Caesar was significant in Rome because he was instrumental in ending the Roman Republic and beginning the Roman Empire, he created job programs for poor romans and took power away from the senators who hated him for it. He is one of the most famous people in ancient Rome. Julius Caesar was a soldier, “Roman general and dictator”.