Introduction According to dictionary .com the definition of group think is the practice of approaching for solutions which mostly dealt with understanding of a group rather than individuals acting independently, as well as conformity. In addition Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that is that is occurring in the group thinks and its need is in harmony or conformity of the group results in a way of irrational or dysfunctional decision making out come. Groupthink is a certain members control the ground for decision. In a group decision individuals are always swallowed or dominated by the group. Even if from the group one has got different and better for decision the individual normally dominated.
Just by looking at someone people come up with their own opinion and believe that they have come to the conclusion of the type of person they are. Most of the time this proves itself to be wrong. As individuals, we need to work on doing this less often until stereotypes are almost non-existent. This is quite farfetched, however I believe that if we all set our mind to this we can escape the negative outlook that derives from stereotypes in our
“Illusions of Invulnerability” describes the potential for a group to become overconfident in their ability to make decisions leading to reckless choices, which have not been thought throughーbelieving that no matter what happens their decision will work out (Lunenburg). “Collective Rationalization” is another one of the traits Janis explained as an indication of groupthink, which occurs when, “group members collectively rationalize in order to discount warnings that might lead them to reconcile their assumptions before they commit themselves to their past policy decisions” (Lunenburg). The next symptom of groupthink nicknamed, “Belief in Inherent Morality of the Group”, explains collectives believe all members uphold similar morals/ rightness in decision-making, leaving decisions unchecked, as they are assumed to always be correct. This is similar to the Illusions of Invulnerability phenomenon due to the high level of trust in the groups ability to decide, and like in Collective Rationalization, allows the group to brush off the possibility of being wrong (Communication
Without their own ambitions, individuals change and inherent different views of motivation expressed within their actions. Different purposes placed upon one will eventually change the way oneself judges things and will definitely silence his own thought in his actions. A purpose that is not of your own is a lie that will follow an individual to their grav. To know one self’s purpose then will the nature of motivation appeal to an individual and reinforce the judicious actions they take towards that very
This is where; we have the responsibility over our decisions or actions. Though, the ‘Broken Window Theory’ makes a contradictory prediction here. According to this theory, all the bigger problems in society can be reduced down to some pretty small but neglected issues and thus by solving those small problems we can naturally eliminate most of the bigger problems in the society. One of the consequences of the theory can be regarded as that, our intent or our heart’s desire to do something may not be that much important in the bigger picture, the social context, the immediate situation, we might find ourselves in, is way much more important. This can tip the favour towards the victim or the person doing the act.
So, people who believe that they have responsibility, self-control, and self-improvement to solve the problem which creates stress, copes better (Roberts et al., 1997). One of the main coping strategy of the problem focus coping is being assertive (Bartram & Gardner, 2008). Assertiveness involves the sense of control and asserting personal positions. Researches sign that people who have low assertiveness don’t use problem focused coping, don’t talk about the problem enough with other party, don’t be active while choosing the strategy, and don’t struggle for the solution. However, people who have high assertiveness try to solve the conflicts more effectively, experience less problems and are healthier in work life.
In Mcleod’s article, it said that people “‘think about, evaluate, or perceive’ themselves” (Mcleod 1). Mcleod talks, in the article, about how people thinking, evaluating, and perceiving about themselves is call self-concept. Whenever people think about themselves, most of the time, people are confused about whether or not they are pursuing right actions for their future, especially people with low self-esteem . Furthermore, people get more confused if their actions dramatically differ from others. However, again, people’s actions determine who they are, so even if their actions are dramatically different from others, it may be a path for that person’s success.
The definition of a bystander is a person who is present at an event or incident but does not take part. When a not-so ideal event occurs, most people feel empathy or an obligation to help. Obviously, some people are more empathetic than others, so not everyone will feel the same way. Those who are more so are more likely to step in and intervene than those who are less empathetic. Although you may be more than willing to help anyone in need, it is important to think of your own safety first.
Positive deviance is based on certain individuals or groups behavior towards any cause or issue in community which is different from others. Whose certain behavior will enhance them to find a better solution which compared with the rest of the community. In society there are some people whose approach an acts differently to face a similar challenge or situation. There are many problems or issues in our society, when everybody is ignoring those some people take initiative steps on those problems and issues and tries to solve them. Through that first person who take a step the surrounding people around him will also might follow him or her.
Through them I’ve come to understand one of the biggest themes in this allegory is our ability to “shackle” ourselves mentally, but also our ability to free ourselves if only we have the courage. To reach that conclusion I had to think about our lives now. Thoughts on how people are raised to believe one thing that is not always the truth and thoughts on how we make decisions out of fear or anger that may not always be the right one. Also, how sometimes our biggest roadblocks are ourselves, but does that mean that we can never break through? Not likely.
Who takes all member’s ideas into consideration, makes sure all are heard, and keeps a group in order while still taking into account what the group wants. Yet there are also bad leaders on the spectrum. These poor leaders could abuse their powers, no matter how little control they actually have. After the project’s completion, groups with these adamant, sometimes control freak leaders will likely find their ideas to be less developed than that of a group with a more attentive
When working with a team I tend to be so focused on achievement that it comes at the expense of including everyone. I need to stop being so competitive as this behavior creates a self-centered approach and can lead to unethical actions. In order to achieve my goal I need to keep being willing to call out those individuals that are not adhering to the rules, while at the same time rewarding those for their appropriate behavior. As I mentioned earlier, a potential barrier to me achieving my goal of ethical leadership is my internal desire to compete. In order to overcome this potential barrier, I will use feedback from those around me on ways that I can improve.