I. Overview The “Parable of Sadhu” revolves around group of people, with different nationalities, who dream to reach the top of Himalayas. As they were on their climbing expedition, they found a Sadhu; shivering and suffering from hypothermia, almost near death. From that point on, the mountaineers face complex situation for which an immediate action was necessary. To show humanity, all the mountaineers from each ethnic group helped the Sadhu by offering food and drink and some warm clothes to cover him up but no one was ready to take full responsibility of Indian holy man. As all the mountaineers had a goal set to reach the top of the Himalayas, they left the Sadhu at 15,000 feet point and moved on with their expedition, instead of carrying him to the village so that others would be able to help him.
However, we should also ask ourselves what should be the right things to do. In Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, philosopher Immanuel Kant discussed this question by explaining the aspects that contributes to a moral action. Based on the implications of what contributes to a moral action through the movie and Kant’s work, I formed my view that
He states that ethical principles must be universal and that ethics are distinctively human. Kant also thought it was possible for pure reason to discover objective ethical truths. Kant believed that ethical truths must be categorical, universal, and be the product of reason. Kant’s categorical imperative states that a person should always act in such a way that they could will that act should be a universal law. This means that Kant thought that it was best to do the right thing, even if the person didn’t want to.
Aristotle has a firm belief that human being’s actions need to be aimed at and end with some sort of good. With this is mind, he further explains that happiness is the end result of our actions. Thomas Hill, although similar in view, advocates for the importance to not only preserve our environment but connects how the preservation of nature directly relates to human virtue. In this essay, I will argue that Thomas Hill’s beliefs on human virtue along side with the preservation of our environment goes hand in hand with Aristotle’s views of the development of human virtue. Both Aristotle and Thomas Hill believe that human virtue not only has the power to control our actions positively or negatively but can also influence whether human beings
I had expected the story of his victory on the northwest side of Torreys Peak where he was injured by a rock that slammed onto his feet, breaking three of his bones. Later he used his ski poles as crutches to reach to the foot of the hill and drive back home, but this was something more than i expected. Finally the three of us reached the top of the snowy ridge and i was quite satisfied with my small victory. I was
Hatice Çayır 2012202009 Phil 341 THE MORAL GOODNESS IN PLATO AND KANT Ethics, as a one of the main branchs of philosophy, has many concerns. Some of the problems it deals with has been dissolved, some of them still need to be examined. Besides all changes in the subjects of ethics, the idea of the good has been preserved its importance throughout history of philosophy and remain as an indescribable subject. In different periods, different philosophers concentrate on the idea of good from different perspectives. Nonetheless, they have carried similarities while considering on some topics such as ; the qualification of good, whether the good is intrinsically good or what makes an action good.
Thus, the community going against each other. The kingdom would’ve eventually fall and the king would have had no authority among the people anymore. Therefore, Hammurabi’s code of law was unjust because it allowed the strong to hurt the weak with minor
For him as a rational being, one would not only ask for the right thing to do yet would also make a list on the things that he/she would want to attain in life or in other words, things that he/she would ought to do. For example; a teenager asked her mom on the things that she shall do in order to attain a great life yet she herself had already made some goals for herself. Those goals that she was aiming were the things that are considered good for the people according to Immanuel Kant. In his article about the moral postulates, Kant emphasized that freedom and morality are inseparably united all the time. A person can fully accept and do the moral acts for he/she has the freedom of will to do it.
Therefore, it is believed that only actions derived from duty have moral values, and those descended from inclination should not be considered worth morally in any case. This theory differs considerably from Aristotle’s beliefs in Nichomachean Ethics when he argues that taking the right action by inclination is a proof of a moral character. Moreover, duty is necessary to create universal rules. One of these rules states that we should act upon pure intentions because moral rules cannot be excused, hence lying is always wrong. Unfortunately, there is an issue with pure reasoning- every experience is different.
Moreover, supporters of this ethical approach acknowledge that it is the sole moral activity of human beings to spread happiness and provide relief to the individuals who are going through hard times and suffering (Shafer-Landau, 2012). This view of morality also stresses that it is a paramount moral obligation of human beings to promote the human species '