At first glance the Pala Pesaro is obviously a religious piece of art, probably a commission from the church or a known and wealthy religious figure. I know from previous knowledge that this painting is located in the Basilica Frari, which means that the painting is Catholic. I can assume it is an oil on canvas painting since that type of medium was very common throughout history until the 20th century. I also would guess that the Pesaro Madonna was painted around 12th or 13th century since that is the time in which catholic paintings flourished in this style. The painting looks like it has much symbolism, such as the kneeling and prayer which means that the woman is the Virgin Mary with Christ.
Artists like Bernini and Rembrandt are prime examples of how patronage affects their art, whilst still being part of the baroque era. These Baroque elements are so engrained in the system of patronage that even outside the Baroque era when an artist is commissioned through the patronage system their work can’t help but take on these and other baroque elements. Starting with an artist like Bernini who under the patronage system created some of the most revered sculptures of the baroque era. Born in Naples, Italy Bernini got a lot of his patronage form Italians. One of his more notable patronages includes the sculpture of “The Ecstasy of St. Teresa” which was commission by the Cornaro family for their personal chapel.
Artists such as Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Albrecht Durer were all sponsored by patrons who developed their skills and talents. Michelangelo created the powerful sculpture of David (1504) in Florence. “Michelangelo’s work represents the epitome of art during the renaissance, a time of cultural rebirth” It symbolises the power of the individual and the power of the state at the time. A powerful patron that was Pope Julius 2nd commissioned Michelangelo to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel which conveyed the individuality and talent of this cultural genius. “Painters now faithfully depicted the beauty of mountains, rocks and gardens for their own sakes.” These artists “experimented with perspective, paid greater attention to proportion, shadowing and naturalistic representation and took their subjects from antiquity.” Although many new techniques such as perspective and linear drawings were introduced, they also learnt from both the Greeks and the Romans about soul when they drew a human face.
Interest in Platonism was especially strong in Florence under the Medici. The ideas of Platonism were quickly re-introduced to the Italian city-states because of the works of Marsilio Ficino, who translated Plato’s work and provided Italy with a synthesis of Christianity/Platonism (he translated Plato’s work in Modern Latin) that would provide all of the Italian city-states with an overview of the revived culture. 4) Renaissance Hermeticism. Hermeticism, also called Hermetism, is a religious tradition based primarily upon writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus. These writings greatly influenced the Western Renaissance tradition and were considered to be of great importance during both the Renaissance and the Reformation.
He painted the very famous painting of Mona Lisa. Another famous painter was Michelangelo. With the help of Raphael Titian and Sandro Botticelli, he painted the series of scenes from the Bible on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Not only did the way of painting change, so did Architecture. Filippo Brunelleschi was best known for changing the style of building.
This epoch was highly punctuated by artistic style which fused inflated motion and simple detail to generate drama, tension, enthusiasm and magnificence in painting, architecture, dance, music, sculpture, and literature. The style dates back to around 1600 in Rome Italy before finally diffusing to other parts of Europe. The Catholic Church played a very prominent role in popularizing the Baroque style. During the Council of Trench, the Catholic Church in
Baroque is a term assigned to a European artistic expression style which spanned from the late 16th century to the late 18th century. Today it remains a popular era in art, literature, architecture, and music. The Roman Catholic Church was one of the largest supporters of Baroque art, as it served to oppose the relative minimalism and somberness of Protestant art of the time. As is typical, Baroque art was a reflection of the ongoing religious and other cultural changes that were occurring in Europe during this period. Although it embraces a variety of art styles Baroque is mainly characterized by grandeur, realism, and emotional drama.
Charmagne McNewHUMN1101Final Research Project Part 316 April 2016Caravaggio’s Judith Beheading HolofernesThe Baroque time period is thought of as a period of artistic style that used alarge amount of motion and easily interpreted detail in order to create drama, tension,and other expressions in their pieces of art. The style began around 1600 in Rome,Italy, and spread to most of Europe.  Thanks to the Catholic Church, this time periodwas able to grow and played an enormous role in the artworks ability to that the artsability to speak to the viewer religiously and emotionally. Caravaggio is most famous forhis dark and twisted artwork. This particular piece is an oil canvas painted in 1598.
Now at Casa Buonarroti, Battle of the Centaurs reflects intellectual themes inspired by Italian Renaissance humanists at de Medici court, such as Classical mythology. As Raphael, Michelangelo founded the Mannerist and Baroque styles and inspired a study of new sensory perspectives. Battle of the Centaurs, an early work, was created in 1492, before the death of beloved patron, Lorenzo de Medici. It vividly portrays an immense appreciation for the human anatomy. Michelangelo's subject inferred a previous knowledge of ancient culture.
He actively participated in international politics during the pontificates of Julius II and Leo X, (1507-1521) he could witness from a privileged position one of the most magnificent and richest period in the history of western art. Geronimo Vich brought important paintings from Rome to Valencia, among which it is important to mention a series by Sebastiano del Piombo, that constituted a point of inflection for Valencian painters, most of all for Vicent Macip, Joan de Joanes and Francisco Ribalta, just to mention few names. Jerónimo Vich’s art patronage and his artistic sensitivity, so close to the new elements shown by the Italian Renaissance, are particularly evident in the courtyard (with elegant classic columns, finely carved capitals, arches, cornices and pediments), which he commissioned for his palace in Valencia in 1527. The early and innovative introduction of first renaissance elements in Spain came along with two other courtyards in Spain, one in the castle of Vélez Blanco (Almería), now conserved in the Metropolitan Museum of New York, and the other one in the castle of La Calahorra (Granada). With the demolition of Vich’s palace in 1859, the Academy of San Carlos moved the marbles to the old Carmen convent that at that time was hosting the Museum of Fine Arts.
An accomplishment with an effect right away would be when he started the Protestant Reformation. This happened in 1517 when he posted the 95 Theses on Castle Church door. His “95 theses” which suggested 2 central beliefs: that the bible was the center of religious authority and that you can only reach salvation through faith and not by your actions- which sparked the reformation. Even though these issues had been brought up before he set them into order at that moment and the Catholic Church was divided. He had done this to prove that the Catholic Church was Corrupt.
Art experiences a wonderful developing, so that he can remain many famous architectures and museums for people. One of his famous buildings is the Vatican Museum, which is the world’s biggest collection of antiquities. He also builds a great number of churches. In 1509, when Raphael was introduced to the Julius, he let Raphael began his masterpiece for the pope in the Vatican Museum. He starts to draw the frescoes in the three rooms of the Vatican Museum.
Diego Velazquez was a great artist in the period of Baroque especially on the aspect of painting. The period of Baroque was the time of the artistic style, which was explained detail as to create tension, grandeur in sculpture, painting, literature, dance, architecture, drama, music and theater. This style was beginning in Rome, Italy at 1600, and then, it was expanded to whole Europe. Diego Velazquez born nearly during period of Baroque and Diego Velazquez was a great Spanish painter who was the leading painter in the Court of King Philip IV, and he was a famous or even greatest painter during the Spanish Golden Age. In addition, Diego Velazquez was also an individualistic artist in the period of Baroque.
“His plays deal first and foremost with the human personality, passions, and problems” (Guisepi). For example, the passion and common emotions that Romeo and Juliet share largely fuels the plot in Shakespeare’s tragedy, Romeo and Juliet. Their love and desire to be with one another ultimately becomes their fatal flaws. While the historical aspect of Catholicism held no prominence in his literature, Shakespeare did follow the pattern of portraying Christian virtues in his work. Throughout the time of the Northern Renaissance, “Christian Humanists thought that the best elements of classical and Christian cultures should be combined…The classical ideas of calmness, stoical patience, and broad-mindedness should be joined in human conduct with the Christian virtues of love, faith, and hope” (McKay 384).
It was here that he learned the importance of “speaking architecture”, a form that his newest influence Marcus Vitruvius Pollio lived by. His discovery of Terra-cotta, a beautiful type of refined clay, would be used very much in his return to the states. It was at this school that he also fell in love with some Italian form of architecture. The use of pillars intrigued him very much, not just for structural purpose but for beauty. Something with beautiful form that also serves as an important purpose of function.