Based on Trussell 2009, protective barriers are physical, mechanical, or chemical processes that help prevent the spread of infectious microorganisms from client to client, clinic staff to client, and client to staff. Also added that infection prevention often relies on placing such barriers between the microorganism and the individual. Examples of protective barriers include: handwashing, wearing gloves, using antiseptic solutions, and processing instruments and other items as described
One of the main techniques suggested by the World Health Organisation to prevent TB is the Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilisation approach (WHO 2007:1). It is defined by three strategies: firstly, the call for advocacy by non-governmental agencies on individual governments to improve their work on TB prevention (rather than by treating TB once it has erupted). Advocacy aims to keep the issue of TB on the table of health departments. Secondly, it argues that communication is critical for how populations can be alerted to the issue of TB and educated about how transmission takes place. By educating the public through channels of communication that the public can access and understand, behaviour around TB can be changed.
So, standards of safe blood transfusion must be developed and maintained to ensure a safe and rational approach in the use of blood transfusions in the management of these disorders, also careful consideration must be given to the associated dangers(6). Nurses being responsible for the final bedside check before transfusion, have the final opportunity to prevent a mistransfusion. An understanding and knowledge of the pathophysiology of transfusion reactions, symptoms and treatment is essential to safely administer and monitor transfusions
This might be especially relevant to infective endocarditis (IE) as habits like poor dental hygiene or IV drug use increases the risk. To enhance prevention, patients at risk therefore need to be educated in an efficient manner. ( 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) The HBM incorporates different aspects of the individual's attitude and investigates which elements influence the compliance of the patient. To increase the likelihood to change four main components are of importance; the perceived susceptibility, the perceived seriousness, the perceived benefits and the perceived barriers. The perceived seriousness is an aspect that describes the individual's belief of how serious a disease is.
Hence, in this way, people were got used to with these hand hygiene markers. Hence, it is recommended for different healthcare facilities to give awareness to their healthcare administrators and health infection nurses to use hand hygiene markers in order to avoid nosocomial infection. This aspect will deteriorate the mortality and morbidity rate as well from the healthcare and among the patients since majority of the diseases are contagious and are travelled from either physicians or nurses to patients. This effect leads to more diseases among patients, nurses, administrators, and physicians as well. This aspect controls the committee and supply chain of the healthcare facility and hospitals to keep a watch on the health acquired infection.
Case scenario (Appendix A) depicted. According to (ASHP guidelines on preventing medication errors in hospitals, 1993) medication error should be classified for a better management of interventions. Level-0 being potential errors to Level-6 for an error that occurred that resulted in patient death. Firstly, and most important, the author will have to verbally inform the patient and/or caregiver of the medication error and nursing manager on duty. Patient has the right to know of any event pertaining to them.
It first starts health care professionals observing medical aseptic techniques when handling with patients and following the Center of Disease Control’s guidelines will insure the safety of patients and staff members health. Medical asepsis can be practiced through two different ways: general medical asepsis or isolation precautions. General asepsis concerns all taken measures to keep patients, health care workers, and also the environment sanitary of harmful bacteria. Isolation precautions are carried out to prevent lethal pathogens. General precautions that should be taken include (Craig
Colombel et al (2010) provided that nurses are required to modify the planning process to the needs of individual patients and the implementation of MACROS can enable the nursing staff to ensure that plan is considering the measurability, achievability, realistic aspects, written results, and focused on the client. It was found that the pain of Allen was due to the causes leading to Crohn’s disease. The inflammation was planned to be treated with the intravenous hydrocortisone, which is the anti-inflammatory drug and prescribed for reducing the inflammation. Fisher et al (2008)further reflected that the initial doses of this planned drug are required to be forty to sixty grams on daily basis and she was prescribed for forty grams. Hill (2015) reflected that once the reduction in the pain is achieved the doses are reduced leading to
Therefore, it is better to asses and understands the syphilis epidemiology among pregnant women, the sero prevalence of syphilis and socio-demographic correlates of this infection at Gondar university teaching hospital. A study of the epidemiology of syphilis in pregnant women booking for antenatal care in those attending public sector including hospitals antenatal clinics provides the motivation for further study and a follow up pilot study furthermore this study was provides information critical to the design appropriate intervention strategies to reduce the burden of syphilis in pregnant
Introduction: The primary health care centers represent a crucial place for individuals seeking public health care services. They provide reachable, reasonably priced and available health care facilities for optimum care. However, they can be the reason for spread of infection particularly in case of poor practice of hand hygiene. Hand Hygiene defined as “cleaning your hands by using either handwashing, antiseptic hand wash, antiseptic hand rub, or surgical hand antisepsis” (CDC,2017). Healthcare associated infections has drawn the attention of the healthcare system because of the significant problems associated with it in terms of increase in financial cost, hospitalization, morbidity and mortality.