In 1979 MITI lost its primary instrument of control over Japanese firms — allocation of foreign currency. The power, that is, to decide who could — and who could not — import technologies. [For example] ... MITI bureaucrats attempted to deny fledgling Sony the $25,000 the company needed to license transistor technology from Western Electric.  However MITI still continued to benefit industry, especially in semiconductors, where, to overcome resistance to a new technology, it forced every electronic company to have at least one CMOS project going. The declining significance of MITI to Japanese companies made it a less powerful agency within the bureaucracy, and by the end of the 20th century, it was folded into a larger body.
According to International Tea Committee (ITC), the volume of tea available for exports fell below 38% of the global crop in 2013, from 47% in 2004. Further, in a sign of emerging change in tea value chain, whilst the share of auction sales remained approximately constant between 2007-2012, its share in the key markets of India and Africa declined. In Africa, the share of auction sales of production declined from 71% to 65% (2007-2012). India also saw the share of auction sales in production decline. This was more or less made up by Sri Lanka, which saw it auction sales volumes increase by 82 million kgs to 318.6 mln kg between 2007 and 2012.
Additionally, colonial goods needed to be shipped to Britain and then re-exported after (Cameron and Neal, 2016). India, a colony of the British empire, had to abide by these laws, and the decline of Indian shipping ensued. Large British-owned merchant ships took over and the Indian-owned ships dwindled in numbers. Later, technological advances in the form of iron ships and the electric telegraph in the 1860s further boosted the British who, unlike the Indians, had access to the new technologies (Bayly, 1985). The Calico act was another mercantilist policy, established at the request of the woollen industry.
The organization also operates many other business by diversifying their business into Cold storage in 1980, nursery in 1988. In 1998 BRAC diversified into 3 new businesses. The organization used unrelated diversification for all these businesses. In 1998 the organizations started BRAC dairy, BRAC fisheries and BRAC solar. Again in 2003 the organization diversified into tea estate business as there is a high demand for tea in the market and the number of supplier was less.
During the 1930s over 9,000 banks failed. People lost their savings due to the bank deposits being uninsured. Banks that hadn’t failed almost completely stopped giving out loans. One event that led to the Great Depression that was not a direct cause was the Dust Bowl that occurred in the Mississippi Valley was so large that people could not pay their taxes or other debt they had, which caused them to have to sell their farms for no profit for themselves. People also stopped purchasing items which led to a reduction in the number of items being made and a cutback on staff.
After some product ventures failed, the new CEO Vincent Ziegler had the idea to aquire companies like Braun AG, S.T. Dupont and some other. Four of them failed and were sold, three achieved low profits. The first decisive appearance through Ziegler was the introduction of Cricket disposable lighters and soft dri antiperspirant, followed by the breakthrough of the new Trac 11 razor which leads to continued dominance in the market.The following CEO Colman Mockler cuts the costs dramatically to support the product development and hence they introduced new innovations, the Atra razor, disposable razor and the daisy razor for women. Through these new innventions, Gillette was able to held 75% of the global market share.
But due to poor style design & less marketing efforts it was total failure. Renault was looking for volume growing car. It had already launch pulse & Logan but they had not created buzz as Duster does for Renault. Duster launched in 2012 & its success can be seen by initial booking crosses 18000 in just 2 months. Many people canceled booking of XUV500 (enjoying greater waiting period in 2012) & switched to Duster.
Quickly higher sustenance inflation has made it troublesome for the low wage families to go ahead with their day by day fundamental uses. As indicated by the World Bank, four million individuals have been pushed underneath the destitution line because of strange ascent in nourishment price. Another measurements of the World Bank demonstrates that between January 2007 and March 2008, the gross wage of the poor diminished by 36.7 for each penny mostly because of surge of sustenance things, pushing 2.5 million family units underneath the neediness line. Indeed, even the guard boro harvest couldn't spare the individuals from the grasp of high inflation. Then again, the antagonistic effect of inflation has made a hindrance to macroeconomic steadiness and diminished the pace of economic development, which is important to neediness lessening and
(Reference)For example, In India during the British Rule, production of commercial crops such as cotton, jute, tea, pea¬nuts, and sugar cane grew by 85 percent between the 1890s and the 1940s. In contrast, in that same period, local food crop production declined by 7 percent while the population grew by 40 percent, a shift that spread hunger, famine, and social unrest. (Chapter 2: Instituting the Development Project, Development). This was development according to Britishers at the expense of human life. But only towards the end of the nineteenth century, it was realised that development should be combined with the ideologies of the civilising mission and turning into a more systematic concept.
The sector has stagnated since the introduction of the SAP and the loosening of import controls, and the 1990-1997 period has been characterized by “a lack of industrial development.” Zimbabwe’s real GDP per capita fell by 5.8% during 1991-1996 and total private investment fell by 9% between 1991-1996. Employment growth in manufacturing fell from 3% during 1985 -1990 to -3% in 1999 - 2000. Real wages declined by 26% between 1991-96 to the point where even those with full-time jobs were no longer guaranteed a living wage; food prices rose faster than other consumer prices, having the greatest impact on the rural poor. Farmers have been hurt by high interest rates, the removal of subsidies on agricultural inputs and a reduction of government spending on roads and transport systems. The price of fertilizer has shoot up 300% in five years