Case Study: Learning Disabilities

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Common definition: Learning disability refers to a neurological life-long condition which affects a child’s ability to understand, assimilate and process information. “Learning disabilities can affect one’s ability to read, write, speak, spell, compute math, reason and also affect an individual’s attention, memory, coordination”( http://ldaamerica.org/) .
Characteristics: Though the child may suffer from dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, dysgraphia, non-verbal learning disabilities, etc, most children with LD are passive learners as the inclination or motivation to learn is missing. They have a low attention span and are easily distracted by irrelevant things. Their confidence level and self-esteem is low. They face difficulty with language
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Though special instructions are provided in schools (IEP), help is also required in dressing, eating food, making friends, handling money, planning, organizing, etc. To find out the extent to which help is needed, assessment tools & daily observation are used by parents, teachers, social workers, etc. Case Study: Name: James Grade: 4 Learning Disability:…show more content…
The children may need repetition to help them in daily activities as they tend to be clumsy and forgetful. They need special education and teaching aids to help them in school as cognitive development is slow. They also need help as they are not clear about personal safety and how to deal with money. Case Study: Name: Betty Grade: 2 MID: Reading disability
The child has weak verbal skills and problems in vocabulary and phonology development. She can read with effort but cannot understand what she is reading. She also faces short-term memory problem, lack of attention and generalizations of information, i.e. cannot apply the same concepts to different settings. Emotionally also, her behavior is immature.
Learning Style: No single style is applicable but visual stimuli would probably be helpful. The child needs constant support and encouragement and activities should be according to the capability of the child. Simple language, repetition and praise would help the child. Multi-sensory approach, concept mapping, opportunities for generalizations are also welcome.
Interests: Good in artwork and has a better attention span when involved in creative

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