The second article that was reviewed came for National Guideline Clearing house (NGC, 2012). The methods used to analyze the evidence were review of published meta-analyses and systematic review. The major outcomes considered in the study were sensitivity, specificity, and reliability of screening tools, risk factors for falls and fall rates. There were numerous recommendations that were recommended to reduce and prevent falls among the elderly population. However the best practice in fall reduction includes falls risk assessment , visual identification of individuals at high risk for falls , falls risk directed interventions and standardized multifactorial education including visual tools for staff, families, and patients (NGC, 2012).
Over the years, there has been various debates over how the elderly is being treated in long term care facilities. Each and every year the number of the elderly people living in the U.S continues to grow immensely and whether or not we have the right systems in place to deal with this overwhelming number of baby boomers remain questionable. This number is projected to continue to grow and it is important that the right care is provided and also that the elderly is properly taken care of as they make this transition. As the number of elderly people in long-term care facilities continue to increase, different and various issues arise. One of the many serious issues involved with the elderly in long-term care facilities is the use of chemical
It also provided the use of critical thinking and clinical judgment on how to prevent falls, support, and be accountable for a client professionally. The practical knowledge I have learned helped me become aware of assessing and assisting a client. As a nurse, our job is to provide “safe, compassionate, competent and ethical care” (p.8) and collaborate as an interprofessional team to deliver safe care and prevent risks from happening while offering quality nursing care (CNA, 2017). I will always provide the professional care under the code of ethics to promote health and wellness for an older adult and prevent risks from happening. As well as following the plan of care, use communication strategies, be aware, acknowledge, and accommodate individuals with different diseases such as with dementia, to promote fall prevention strategies (RNAO, 2017).
Capstone Project: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Evidence Based Practice – NUR 4775L Dr. Susan Poole, DNP, CNE November 22, 2015 Capstone Part I: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Introduction to Problem According to Centre for disease Control (CDC) more than 1.4 million people 65 and older live in nursing homes. If current rates continue, by 2030 this number will rise to about 3 million (CDC, 2014). Nursing home residents are at an increases risk for falls depending on the acuity of their illness and their mental state.
The elderly in nursing home are at an increased risk for falls, more than any other area. An average of 5% of all persons over the age of 65 reside in nursing homes. On average, over 1,800 people over the age 65 fall while in nursing homes every year and 20% of all fall related deaths occur from falls while living in nursing homes (Centers of Disease Control & Prevention, 2012). Falls result in decrease of quality of care through decline in functional ability, fear, restricted activities, and serious injury (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). Not only does falls have an effect the overall quality of the persons whom live there and their families, but it also effects the facility and the staff.
Present the Evidence: Prevention of Patient Falls According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), each year, one third of those who are 65 and older fall (2013). These falls contributed to $34 billion in direct medical costs in 2013 (cite). With these statistics, it is apparent that health care professionals and health care settings need to make fall prevention a priority in their facilities. The aim of this paper is to explore a fall prevention policy and practice guidelines to evaluate recent evidence and offer recommendations.
Evidence Based Practice Proposal- Section D: Solution Description The Edmonson Psychiatric Fall Risk Assessment Tool (EPFRAT) to have higher sensitivity in assessing fall risk in the geri-psychiatric population (Edmonson et. al, 2011). This project of EPFRAT will let the progress of a fall risk prevention protocol to provide the safest environment and best quality of care possible for the geriatric psychiatric inpatient.
Significance of the Problem for Nursing: Prevention of falls in the elderly is an extremely important facet of nursing. Elderly falls often result in fractures, pain, decreased mobility, traumatic hemorrhages, as well as increased healthcare costs. Due to the increased prevalence of injuries acquired from elderly falls, increased risk of morbidity in the elderly experiencing falls, and the growing number of elderly patients, it is of vast importance that nurses research and incorporate evidence-based fall prevention practices to prevent falls in the elderly
Hence, the role of a community physiotherapist can include making a referral to an occupational therapist (WCPT, 2003) as he or she could help in assessing and modifying the home environment to make it an elderly friendly apartment. Apart from physiotherapists, occupational therapists can also help in facilitating the patient’s safety. In addition, the bathroom which is the location of the fall should be assessed and identified for any hazards to prevent future falls. A study by Cumming et al. (1999), it was shown that occupational therapists were able to impede future falls in the elderly by visiting the patients’ homes so that the patients will be able to live safely.
(Joint Commissions, 2014).It is important for nurses to explain how to use the call light to the elderly patients, and also to ask for help before getting out of bed. Vulnerable patients should be placed close to the nursing station for close monitoring. It is very important to educate health care workers on the approaches used to prevent falls. The measures used to prevent falls in the elderly could include; carrying out a risk assessment during admission, placing colorful stickers outside their doors, stopping the use of psychotropic medications, teaching them the best way to use their assistive device, placing their call light and belonging within their reach, placing their beds in the lowest position with brakes /wheels locked at all times, removing throw rugs from their surroundings, making sure that they are wearing non-skid shoes/socks before ambulating and also giving them their prescribed Vitamin D supplement as well as encouraging them on the use of their corrective glasses or hearing aids. It is very important to educate health care workers on the approaches used to prevent
Introduction Patient safety is an important aspect of hospital care. Hospitals are entrusted to protect the patients, keep them safe while delivering a high quality care (Graham, 2012). As a result of announcements by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) that hospitals will no longer be reimbursed for hospital-acquired conditions (HAC) or never events, such as inpatient falls. In addition, reduction of harm from falls was identified by Joint Commission as a national patient safety goal. Fall is defined as an unexpected descent from a standing, sitting, or supine position (Hicks, 2015).
This is reviewed with any change in patient status, a fall, and/or quarterly. Patients, depending on screening, might receive services from physical therapy (PT), occupational therapy (OT), nutritional services, bed/chair alarms, floor mats, medication adjustment, and change in room to closer to the nurses’ station, or other services. All at risk patients are easily identifiable by notation on wrist band, footwear, room and equipment signage, in the electronic medical record, and on any paper records. The fall rate of patients at SAVAHCS continues to be at or slightly below the benchmark, but our goal is to have zero falls. The intervention not fully utilized at this hospital, that does show promise in the literature, is the post-fall huddle.
Name That Liability The name of the responsibility is negligence due to falls of patients in intensive care unit. The liability may occur due to the medical staff that forget to put the brakes on the beds, put in a low position, the call light within reach and personnel items easily reach to every patient. These falls can bring a lot of injuries to patients and fractures (loss of continuity of bone tissue. It ranges from a small crack to total bone fracture displacement of the two ends of the bone fracture), trauma to the skull and face (injuries to the skull and face are especially important, since the intensity of the shock can affect the central nervous system (CNS), located within the cranial cavity), trauma to the extremities (as a result
This program, called the Nijmegen Falls Prevention Program, included one hundred thirteen elderly clients with a history of falls. Exercise sessions were held twice a week for five weeks with fall monitoring done before and after the experiment. Control assessments were also done continuously thru the study to determine client changes in standing balance, balance confidence, and obstacle avoidance skills. The results of the Nijmegen Falls Prevention Program showed that the number of falls within the exercise group dropped by a significant forty six percent! Not only less falls, but obstacle avoidance skills dramatically improved as did balance
Elderly abuse can take a variety of forms including physical, sexual, mental, financial, and neglect. The abuser can be anyone; a caregiver, family member, other patients, or self-inflicted. Recent research states that prevalence of elder abuse in long-term care ranges from 2% to 10% (Connor et al., 2011). According to Shaffer, Williamson, & Dooley (2007), the vulnerability of abuse can be directly related to mental illness, such as dementia, as well as the depression or resentment of caregivers. Kohl, Sanders, & Blumenthal (2012) define the populations at risk as frail elders, those with dementia, and families with a history of violence.