Melting nuclear of Fukushima was categorized at level 7 in which the nuclear accident and is the highest level on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES). Nuclear crisis happened when the Company TEPCO releasing steam from the reactor to relieve pressure and prevent big explosions because earthquake and tsunami caused a disruption in electricity supply and the power cooling system did not work and make the water in the reactor begins to boil. Steam were released into the Pacific Ocean contain radioactive particles which can bring nuclear crisis issue (as cited in Alex Rosen, 2012). Nuclear crisis is melting nuclear that could lead to radioactive contamination, land, water and marine animals. In
3.2.2 Long Term This incident caused damage to Soviet country, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. They spend billions of money for the accident. Some of their costs were reform the damaged building, to set out the radioactive waste material, to carry out research on the radiation, to defend and cure the effected people. These expenditures caused them to become economically unstable. 3.3 Enviromental 3.3.1Short Term This explosion has released radioactive substance to the atmosphere.This radioactive material, have contaminated many areas, Human being,animals and plants.
Every year, industrial accidents causes a number of deaths, injuries and property loss due to petroleum refining operations. Industrial accidents have become a threat to human safety such as the accidents at the Skikda refinery in January 2004 and October 2005 and the accident at the Arzew refinery in 2007 (Chang and Lin, 2006). Besides that, petroleum refining unavoidably generates considerable volumes of oily sludge during oil production and processing activities (Dibble and Bartha, 1979), oil pollution accidents have nowadays become a common phenomenon and have caused ecological
NUCLEAR ENERGY: The term ‘Nuclear energy ‘is marred with scepticism amongst the public. Whenever one proposes to set up a nuclear plant, it is always subjected to criticism by saying that is not environmentally safe. But why should, one look only at the downsides of the proposal, why not look at the upside of the proposal for a change. It is also not entirely fair to blame the public as they are scarred with the instances of the Chernobyl and Fukhishima. But one should also take care that, no harsh or impulsive decisions are made based on these unfortunate instances for e.g.
Companies have tried alternate methods to minimize air pollution, oil spills, etc. However, there is a very harmful system known as fracking. These companies are not noticing that this technique does the complete opposite. There is a big fear that changing to cheap fracked natural gas to replace coal could backfire and could worsen the situation even further. Environmental groups are afraid that if hydraulic fracturing were to happen, they believe that contaminating underground water supplies could affect global warming 20 times more (Davenport 1).
Incidents involving release of toxic, flammable and hazardous liquids and gases have occurred time to time. Such incidents frequently occurred in industries using hazardous chemical that are pose a major threat to both human and environment. Irrelevant of industry there is always a probability of such accidents to occur due to human or system error. Recent accidents of this era are 1984 Bhopal accident,1989 Phillips Petroleum Company accident, the July 1990 BASF(Baden Aniline and Soda Factory) and the May 1991 IMC accident. Keeping in view these accidents specifically Bhopal accident OSHA on July 17, 1990 put forward a new standard in the Federal Register (55 FR 29150) PSM.
Environmental pollution is the result of improper disposal, which shows forth our unsustainable usage of resources. This is evident with the large amount of plastic irresponsibly disposed in the sea, the excessive burning of fossil fuels that contributes to air pollution and all the unsustainable management of factories leading to large amounts of waste material discharged into water bodies causing heavy hazardous contamination. All these excessive pollutants added into the environment, disrupts the natural cycle leads to a myriad of negative repercussions and drawing attention to invoke change so as to prevent what is preventable in very first place. We have seen from history how environmental pollution can lead to irreversible long-term damage: Love Canal Case and the derivation of Minamata disease. In recent years, we see how soil pollution has led to huge issues with regards to health, economics and ecosystem: mercury poisoning due to mercury being trapped in grains produced.
For example, in the Niger delta region of Nigeria, pipeline vandalism has wreaked havoc to the economy, environment, and health. Illegal waste oil dumping Many organizations including oil companies, are mostly driven by the money making benefit from their business and try to avoid any financial losses including money spent in taking care of the environment from where their businesses run. Therefore, most illegal waste oil dumping occurs in the oceans by these organizations who do not want to invest in the cost of degrading their oil waste. Natural disasters Oil spill may sometimes be caused by natural disturbances in the earth crust such as hurricanes and earthquakes leading to eruptions in the oil wells. Natural seeps (geological seeps) from the ocean floor/bed representing one of the single largest sources of oil pollution (Oil Splat , 2008)
What the greenhouse effect does is that it traps all the gasses inside the earth. Those gases can be either good or bad. Due to all the gas build up in the past several hundred years global warming has been getting worse by the year due to all the pollution caused by the gas build up. In order to try to
Our electronic waste is filled with a veritable cocktail of toxic materials. Unfortunately, when this e- waste is not recycled and simply thrown out with the ordinary garbage, ultimately ending up in landfill, it means both human health and the environment are at risk. A report by Environment Victoria and Total Environment Centre, Inc. entitled “Tipping Point: Australia’s E-Waste Crisis/2009/Update”states the following effects from materials found in ewaste. Lead. This toxic material has a well-documented history of negative health affects including brain damage, hence it’s removal from paints and petrol.