Case Study: Sendero Luminos

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Since 1980, the Partido Communista del Peru en el Sendero Luminoso de Mariategui-Communist Party of Peru in the Shining Path of Mariategui (Sendero Luminoso or Sendero) has diligently fought to take over the democratic government in Lima . Although there are many revolutionary movements in Lima, Sendero Luminoso was classified by the U.S. Department of State as the most brutal and acrimonious organization at that time. In this research paper, Sendero Luminoso will be analyzed on it history, individual background, and the type of terrorism inflicted. Furthermore, this paper will discuss the organizations currents status and how the government of Lima was able to prevail against the terrorist group.
Sendero luminosos started
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After many years the Indian in poor people of Peru had a chance to vote, but where again left to the side because of foreign debt. Peru 's debt caused its people in the highlands to be malnourished, sick and have a high rise in infant mortality. These conditions appealed to the populations supports of Sendero Luminso. Its leaders were mainly vanguards that can direct a number of frustrated Indians into a revolution. The leaders Abimael Guzman Reinoso was a Philosophy profesor at the National University of San Cristobal de Huamanga that was reopened in Ayacucho in 1959, ( paraphrased from page 7) and was part of Moist Red Flag and other organizations until he parted with them. Guzman 's students were not able to find employment after graduating and therefore started following him. The whole revolutionary movement wasnot just Guzman 's ideologies, in the SENDER0 LUMINOSO: A FAILED REVOLUTION IN PERU? , LIEUTENANT COLONEL GERALD N. VEVON, JR. States that "The Sendero Luminoso is strongly influenced by a Peruvian nationalist-Marxist model for revolution developed by Jose Carlos Mariategui (1894-1930)."( page 9). Throught
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