Browns vs. Board of Education is a case created in 1954 that stated “separate but equal” segregation in public schools is prohibited by the Constitution. This case was named after a father Oliver Brown that had a problem with his daughter Linda Brown having long and frightful walk to school every morning. Brown vs. Board of Education overturned a case known as Plessy vs. Ferguson and ruled that the same education white people receive, must be provided for black people. Plessy vs. Ferguson is a case created in 1896 that sustained the authority of segregation. This case arose from an 1892 event involving an African-American man by the name of Homer Plessy who went against a Louisiana Law by refusing to sit in a Jim Crow car.
A historic case in the U.S. supreme court was called the Brown vs. the Board of Education. Getting a good education is essential and we can see diverse population of students from different nationality in the classroom. However, this wasn’t always the case in the United States. Up until 1954, classrooms were very different than they are today—not allowing African American students to attend schools with white students. This was allowed because of the previous court case of 1896 of Plessy vs. Ferguson.
Decades ago, children of various races could not go to school together in many locations of the United States. School districts could segregate students, legally, into different schools according to the color of their skin. The law said these separate schools had to be equal. Many schools for children that possessed color were of lesser quality than the schools for white students. To have separate schools for the black and white children became a basic rule in southern society.
This was a landmark case in America. In 1954 the Supreme Court decided that “state laws making public schools separate for black and white students unconstitutional” (Mandell & Schram, pg. 482). This case over turned a prior case known as “Plessy v. Ferguson that allowed state-sponsored segregation in public schools” (McBride, 2006). This was acknowledged as one of the “greatest supreme court decision of the 20th century” (McBride, 2006). The court “unanimously voted that that racial segregation of children in public schools not only violated the equal protection clause but also the 14th amendment” (McBride, 2006).
The Brown v. Board of Education was a monumental decision as it expressed that “separate but unequal” from Plessy v. Ferguson was inherently unequal, meaning it was unconstitutional. The decision overturned Plessy v. Ferguson as it stated that racial segregation of public education violated the Fourteenth Amendment. Oliver Brown was a parent of a child that was rejected from Topeka’s white schools and Brown took this injustice to court. With the leadership of Chief Justice Earl Warren, a unanimous decision was ruled to desegregate the public education system. The ruling led to mixed reactions in the nation, as the South was appalled by the decision and attempted to stop the decision from being carried out.
Some people fail to see the way that major court cases in the United States history helped shape the way that the government is formed today. People with a black skin tone used to be harassed and treated differently than people with white skin tone simply because of the of the fact that they were colored. Well, that was until the Civil Rights Acts were passed. Three of the Supreme Court cases that influenced the civil rights movement by ruling certain things unconstitutional that were once considered okay: Dred Scott v. Sanford, and Plessy v. Ferguson, and Brown v. Board of Education.
Linda Brown was the child associated with the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case. Due to racial segregation, she was forced to travel a further distance to her elementary school, while there was one a few blocks away from her house. Linda Brown is significant because due to her father’s determination and fight for civil rights along with other NAACP members, public schools were integrated and African Americans were permitted attend schools with better educational systems and black middle class students were given a fairer educational experience. The case Brown v. Board of Education is significant because it ruled de jure racial segregation, a violation of the Equal Protection Clause. De jure segregation is segregation due to the
Have you ever wondered what started school integration? Imagine having to be bullied only because of your skin color. Not being able to get an education just because you're a different race than everybody else. Desegregation was very hard subject for americans in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Fortunately, there were people willing to fight about this.
“I’m sick and tired of being sick and tired.” To rationalize this quote, Many men and women changed America. There are some positive and negative effects on society, education, and voting. Blacks and whites were segregated, but in the following texts, it shows how they integrated and worked together to have equal rights.
Executive Order 8802 Executive Order 8802 was the first federal action towards promoting equality and to prohibit employment discrimination in the US and was signed by President, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Congress of Racial Equality founded The Congress of Racial Equality is a US civil rights organisation that played a leading role in the movement and was founded in Chicago on the 20th June 1942. Its a interracial voluntary organisation founded by James Farmer.