It is argued that social inequality occurs because of the conflict between the upper-class and the working-class, or as Marx defines it, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Based on the Manifesto of the Communist Party (Marx and Engels, 1848), the divergence emerges because the aim of the Bourgeoisie is to obtain a surplus-value that is produced by the work of the Proletariat. On the other side, the Bourgeoisie provides the Proletariat with the minimum required, such as a place to live and a minimum wage, in order to keep the society under control and avoid a rebellion. However, Marx did predict a revolt of the working-class that would eventually lead to a communist regime. When it comes to applying this theoretical approach to reality, it is evident to notice that no global revolt in regards to capitalism has occurred.
The importance of education was promoted in Lovett 's book, ‘Chartism; A New Organisation of the People’ where he proposed that a ‘national system of education for the working class [should] be financed independently of the state’. Hence, he devised a scheme with ‘schools, library and teacher training colleges’ in order to reduce the fears of the upper class and show that the working class they are essentially ready for the vote. But, due to the existing divisions amongst leaders O 'connor attacked these new moves because he did not associate with the moves that diverted attention away from petition which gathered large support arguably. Although educational Chartism captured something of an enlightenment, ‘it was an eddy which again moved away from the
He states that slavery itself does not have significant meaning. Moreover, he mentions the events occurred with the Native American people just as a means for earning more free territories (Turner 3). If he had really wanted to explain about “the significance of the frontier in American history”, he should have pondered about the impact of struggling with Native American and Slavery on American history. His writing is not an academic essay but biased propaganda to make people believe U.S. as the superior nation. As a scholar, one should not be biased by one perspective or tendency; since we are human, it is hard to maintain objectivity always.
Unlike the perspective of Zinn, the Pageant argued that both these acts helped start the transformation from private greed to public need, while Zinn strongly believed that the government legislation was not effective at curbing the corruption, highlighting a difference in perspective. Even though it is true that these acts did set examples for more effective legislation, these acts were still not helpful and did not actually tackle the
According to Dadabhai Naoroji’s article, “The Benefits of British Rule for India”, the Indians/natives had no voice in the taxes, legislations, or were qualified to earn the position of a court judge or high-ranking government official. The society the British constructed blocked the Indians out, and openly disregarded their opinions and desire for change and equality. Some may claim that the British modernized their country by reforming the natives education system, and implementing new innovations and technological advancements, like railroads to improve transportation within the country. However, according to the article written by Professor Peter Marshall titled, “The British Presence in India in the 18th Century,” the majority of these systems primarily focused on English and Western ideas, rather than their own distinctive culture. The traditional ideas and beliefs focusing on theory and methodology, that were implemented into their previous education system, were then modified to a practical approach, forcing their pre-existing system to slowly descend into oblivion.
Capitalism and Poverty: Capitalism is the dominant vision of what shapes our society. It is a system that is almost made for some and those opposing the system are often seen as deviant. In Racialized Haunting by Lisa Cacho, talks about how a person’s death because they were “deviant”. “Even if we had attempted to circumvent the devaluing processes of race and gender by citing other readily recognizable signs and signifiers of value, such as legality, heteronormativity, American citizenship, higher education, affluence, morality, and respectability, we still would not have had evidence to narrate him as a productive, worthy, and responsible citizen.” (26 Cacho) Neoliberalism: Ronald Reagan brought this idea into place in the 1980s tying in
Marx argued that “this relationship between oppressors and oppressed shapes the rest of the social system, and is justified by dominant ideologies that made extreme inequality seem acceptable”(Gould, 33). From this sociological standpoint, I believe that Gilman alludes to the idea of unjustified oppression when the narrator states, “But nobody could climb through that pattern. . . that is why it has so many heads”(55).
Such as poverty caused low aspirations, crime was a reaction to poverty and poverty created unstable families. Throughout this paper there are various explanations for why cultural values aren’t the only thing preventing an ethnic group from success. Rather that beliefs, racism, associations established with some races, etc. created and idea that some groups were better to higher than others and that these ideas were so ingrained that they still effect how society acts today. By viewing much of one’s failure as their own problem and not taking into consideration that ethnic groups history and how they have been compared to other immigrants.
When reading the introduction from the text “Critical Race Theory Matters,” I learned some of the main principles that are discussed are that race, history, voice, interpretation, and praxis matters. First, race matters are a central structure of society nowadays and is believed that it isn’t as important because racism has been illegal for many years. “Critical race theorists (2011) believe that not only does racial inequality continue to be embedded in the legal system, but that racial inequality permeates every aspect of social life from minute, intimate relationships, to the neighborhoods we live in, and the schools we go to, all the way to the macro-economic system” (p. 3). The idea that race no longer matters clearly states that racial