Caste, Untouchability And Critique Of Hindu Social Order

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Caste, Untouchability and Critique of Hindu Social Order

India is a country with diverse cultures. Customs and traditions vary from region to region. Yet, of course, some commonality does exist in the social structure, which is a unifying force. The social structure is based on the varna and jati systems. Varna system categorizes society into four sections namely Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Now let us understand what is Hindu Social Order? Whether it is a free social order or not? Whether it is empathetic towards the grievances of every person in the society? To answer the aforementioned questions, we need to have an idea of what constitutes of a free social order. According to the noble laureate Dr B.R. Ambedkar, there are two fundamental principles of a free social order. First, that the individual is an end in himself and that the aim and objective of the society is the growth of the individual and the development of his personality. Second, that the terms of associated life between members of society must be regarded by consideration founded on liberty, equality and fraternity.
To what extent does the Hindu social order recognize these principles? This question is necessary to inquire as it will help in inferring whether it qualifies to be called a free social order.
Does the Hindu Social Order recognize individuality? The sad truth is, it does not. It is primarily based on class or Varna and not on individuals. Even the family is not regarded by the Hindu

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