They protected their rights in the context of caste hierarchy at the public functions like a fair in villages, marriage ceremony and certain hereditary rights. As Amrutnak belonged to Mahar caste, the fifty-two rights were given to the Mahar caste people only. Other untouchable castes were not bestowed such rights. The untouchable castes had accepted the icons from their castes. Chokhamela has used the icon of Mahar caste people whereas Rohidas was used the icon of Chamar caste people.
Also caste system made a big trouble between different level people and brought something unfair. In ancient India, Caste system made the ancient India society orderly. The caste system as enforced with the help of law books such as Manusmriti and the support of kings who considered themselves as upholders of dharma. Caste system emphasize to human that everyone need to follow the high level human. No one can replace the ruler is a traditional opinion in ancient Indian’s brain.
The Indian culture is highly influenced by Hinduism and its social order the Caste System. Pruthi (2004) explained, that the Caste System is an ancient concept brought to the subcontinent by the Aryans around 1500 BC. And that the Aryan's social order based on skin color and profession lay the base of the Caste System we know today. The caste one belonged to, depended on the family you were born into. You could only be a member of the same caste your family was, therefore had to carry out the same profession and also marry only within your own supreme-caste (varna).
The first effect is the struggles of each of them. Gandhi founded The Natal India Congress to fight against constraint on Indian commerce, migration and headquarters (www.mkgandhi.org). Whereas King fight against the elemental discrimination, in other words against the black and white phenomenon which was widespread around the world. The second effect is their effort. King aimed to achieve the equality between the black and white people, black people had the chance in everything as the white people, such as: education and job, also the black people had the chance to vote.
Solidarity, as Durkheim says is a process of relationships and not unity per se. Solidarity then can be the common identity of being Indians which is regulated by AFSPA being the law and is sanctioned repressively in cases of lack of this solidarity. It is certainly enforced upon people who refuse to conform to the identity, in this case, the Nagas of Assam and Manipur who declared themselves independent of India in the 1950s. It is clearly an identity that is being created and could then be related to organic solidarity. The solidarity of nationality and AFSPA together formulate the processes of nation building and creating boundaries geographically as well as demographically.
Let us start this essay with a provocative statement about the caste system in India. The caste system is a virus in the Indian culture and society which has been etched quite deeply in the Indian psyche since time immemorial. For centuries, people in India were classified into a number of castes based on an unnatural division, and because this system prevailed for so long, it became a part of the Indian culture. The above is how the caste system is perceived in the 21st century. This system of castes has existed in India since the Vedic times, but at that time, the system was known to be a peaceful one in the sense that, even though people were classified into different occupations based on their caste, there was no known discrimination as to one being better or more privileged than the other.
Ambedkar: A Social Reformer The extent of social transformation of any socially discriminated people may be better judged from the social philosophies propounded by their great leaders like Ambedkar in modern India. Baba Saheb Ambedkar inherited a society based on the graded inequality and injustice resulting in the deprivation of human rights of millions of his countrymen. He felt the need for reforming and restructuring the Hindu society based on equality, liberty and justice. Centuries old customs, traditions, and beliefs cannot be thrown away overnight. To mould the Indian society which comprised several religions, faiths, linguistic and ethnic groups and subcultures, into one compact unit was by any standard a herculean task.4 As a social reformer Dr. B.R.
And also due to an upsurge in caste based parties that made the politics of lower caste empowerment a central part of their political agenda. It should be pointed out that these new political parties emerged not on a national level but on a village and regional level, and were most dominant in North India. This also weakened the influence of caste and clientelism on Indian politics (Chapaitkar, 2013). The Indian Caste System is historically one of the main dimensions where people in India are socially differentiated through class, religion, region, tribe, gender, and language. The Indian Caste System is considered a closed system of stratification, which means that a person’s social status is obligated to which caste they were born into.
Indian society is still slave to the social evils that are prevalent since time imme-morial .People have forgotten the real reason why caste system came into existence. It was not for the classification of the people on the basis of their status but for the classification of the people on the basis of the occupation practised. In India there were primarily four castes, Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Each caste had a specific function or role in society, the performance of religious rights and rituals were restricted to Brahmins, thereby conferring priesthood on them. The warriors were Ksha-triyas, the merchants were Vaishyas and the artisans were the Shudras.
Centuries of caste based system has led to a legacy of inequality of land, education, business ownership and occupation which is why the reservation system was put into place. But it is still highly debated whether reservation system actually helps the lower castes and should be removed or continued. Therefore, these castes have material disadvantages. They also face social and economic discrimination resulting in inequality of