India is the largest producer of Guar and contributes 80 percent of total Guar production in the world. In India, Guar crop is cultivated mainly during Kharif season, with an annual production of around 2 million metric tons. Guar crop has experienced a remarkable journey from a traditional crop grown on marginal lands mainly for food, animal feed and fodder to a crop with various industrial usages. Guar gum is an important ingredient in producing food emulsifier, food additive, food thickener and other Guar gum products. The unique binding, thickening and emulsifying quality of guar gum powder obtained from guar seed has made it a much sought after product in international market.
This was to shore up confidence and flood the economy with liquidity. This was also the main influence to decrease the fund rate to 1.75% by the end of 2001. However, 9/11 was followed by a series of confidence battering shocks which slammed the economy (the scandal of Enron, the space shuttle Columbia disaster, the war in Iraq, hurricane Katrina). To counter each of these shocks, the Fed were forced to lower interest rates even more. By July 2003, after thirteen cuts, Federal Funds rates had dropped as low as 1% (Farrokh
Secondly, according to Gad (2013), he said ‘a hedge fund's investment universe is only limited by its mandate. A hedge fund can basically invest in anything - land, real estate, stocks, derivatives, currencies. Mutual funds, by contrast, have to basically stick to stocks or bonds’. Furthermore, leverage is an useful method to make more profit in hedge funds, which often use borrowed money to amplify their returns. The last characteristic is fee structure.
Resulting in a financial crisis as the government and banks had failed to constrain the financial system’s creation of private credit and money. The lack of responsibility in the government and banks led to the downturn in the economy now known as the great recession. (document I) Starting in 2007 there was a noticeable increase in mortgage
India (produces 3.8 million bags of coffee) According to recent research, India is the origin of coffee plantation east of Arabia. Presently, coffee production is controlled by the Indian Coffee Government, which most people believe that it reduces the economic growth and lower the quality of coffee in the country. Top Coffees: Monsooned Malabar and Mysore. 8. Guatemala (produces 3.5 million bags of coffee) In the 19th century, immigrants from Germany commenced the cultivation of coffee in the region.
It began with the world economic crisis in 1929 that affected the American nation the most. The crisis of overproduction of goods provoked the Great Depression. At that time, commodities/goods/items could not be bought because of the limitation of money supply - dollars were tied to the gold reserve. The end of the First World War played an important role in boosting the severe economic crisis. The fact was that the U.S. economy was heavily dependent on defense orders, and, after the end of the war, their number decreased, which led to a recession in the American military-industrial complex.
Sugarcane is cultivated in area of more than 60,000 Ha in Iran. Sugar cane is being cultivated in south of Iran where more than 5 mills are working to extract sugar cane for Sugar. The yield per hectare is unknown due to no reliable data, but efforts will be made to get the reliable data. Sugar cane industry in Iran is not mature and due to lack of knowledge for cane in Iran, it is going down every year. Many studies have been conducted to find the possibility of growing sugar cane profitably.
MONEY SUPPLY, FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND INTEREST RATES Written Assignment Unit 6 Principal of Finance 1 Student Professor: Joel Almanzar University of the People Abstract This paper will discuss why the simultaneous targeting of the money supply and interest rates is sometimes impossible to achieve. Also how the central banks intervene in foreign exchange markets and what did Bretton Woods Agreement do to the ability of foreign exchange rates to fluctuate freely. Growth in money supply is not easy to control. Let’s say the Federal Reserve missed the M1 growth rate target two years in a row when the reserve targeting was used. And not only had that but the volatility in the money supply growth rate grown as well.
Sugarcane Challenges and Role in Pakistan Sugarcane is major cash crop of Pakistan. This crop is grown in those areas which are irrigated by Indus basin system. Presently, about 2.5 million acres are under sugarcane cultivation. Pakistan stands at the fifth position in cane production and in sugar production it has almost 15th position. In Pakistan sugarcane is cultivated mostly for crushing purpose to get sugar and other products.
When there is inflation, the currency of China fell, the interest rate was lowed, and the investment revenues have more than the inflation rate. This situation encourages people to spend their money rather than save or hold wealth in the form of money as the value of savings have become down and down and the value of the investments in physical assets are more noticeable. Nonetheless, in the certain extent, the investments in some fixed income products, liked bonds devalued along with inflation. Therefore, people were more willing to use their money on purchase hedging products such as gold or real estates. As a result, savings from the society dropped and it then affect the economic capital formation.