Abstract: Ocular lymphomas are rare malignancies that display a myriad of clinical manifestations; therefore the diagnosis can be a challenging task. Almost all intraocular lymphomas are B cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. Although the orbit is an extranodal site where lymphocytes are not found under normal conditions, lymphoid tumors are the third most common cause of proptosis in the adults. Ocular lymphomas are most challenging cases seen by ophthalmologists and are more serious eye conditions, leading possibly to blindness and death. We describe a series of 4 cases which presented as ocular adnexal masses and a view on clinicopathological details.
Of the 79 patients studied, serum Amylase was found to be elevated (> 200 S.U) in 37 patients (46.95%), among them in three patients it was 800 S.U. One of them showed swollen pancreas on ultrasonography which was confirmed by Computerised Tomography. In other two patients, evidence of pancreatitis was not observed. There was no significant correlation between the nature of compounds (OP or carbamates), duration and severity of cholinergic syndrome and increase in serum Amylase. It has been concluded that mild elevation of serum Amylase is common in patients with OP poisoning, however acute pancreatitis is rare
Gingival enlargement may be localized or generalized in distribution. Sometimes the gingival enlargement may be influenced by factors like unilateral chewing habits, hormonal changes, drug therapy or neoplastic infiltrates. Few cases of unilateral gingival enlargement associated with aggressive periodontitis, hormonal discrepancies and idiopathic gingival enlargement has been reported in the literature. But unilateral presentation of massive inflammatory gingival enlargement in the absence of specific etiologic or contributing factors as in our case is quite rare.
Most forms are from a random genetic mutation in either the father’s sperm or the mother’s egg rather than from either of the parent’s complete genetic makeup. Another cause of dwarfism is Turner Syndrome which is when a sex chromosome is missing or partially missing in girls or females and they inherit an X chromosome from each parent. Growth hormone deficiencies are also linked to genetic mutations that can result in dwarfism and some causes are just unknown. Dwarfism is typically defined as an adult height of 4 feet 10 inches or less and the average height among people with dwarfism is 4 feet. Dwarfism is usually divided into two categories; disproportionate dwarfism which is where some parts of the body are small and some parts are average or above average and this type prevents the bones from developing.
The Trichromatic Theory helps explain the most common form of color blindness today, which is red-green blindness. People with this form of color blindness have normal blue sensitive cones, but their other cones are either red or green sensitive so they cannot differentiate the two. Although the Trichromatic Theory explains the interaction of cones and color it does not explain all aspects of color
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare epithelial tumour, and comprises about 1% of all malignant tumours of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is a malignant tumour which may develop in the trachea, bronchus, lungs or mammary glands, in addition to the head and neck region.1 The clinical and pathological findings typical of this tumor include slow growth, perineural invasion, and potential local
Although it may be confirmed by orbital CT scan, it still remains necessary to clinically evaluate the severity of the infection by clinical signs and symptoms.4 It is important to differentiate pre-septal cellulitis from orbital involvement since management is based on the severity of infection, and therapeutic delay may result in blindness in 10% of Orbital Abscess patients.3. Treatment usually includes IV antibiotics, nasal decongestants and surgical drainage if necessary. If inadequately treated, orbital cellulitis may progress to intracranial complications, blindness and even
The abnormalities include defects of the mitral and tricuspid valves, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect and hypoplastic left heart syndrome which are the principal causes of decreased life-expectancy in these patients.(6) The presented case also demonstrated characteristic findings of EVCS which included polydactyly of the hands and feet and history of congenital cardiac defect which was operated two years ago. EVCS is a condition with a diverse oral manifestations which include hyperplastic frenula, absence of mucobuccal fold , serrations of the alveolar ridge, partial cleft lip, neonatal teeth, peg shaped laterals , partial anodontia, conical and microdontic teeth and delayed eruption of teeth.(10) In the present case, we reported similar dental manifestations like oligodontia, generalized microdontia, serrations of alveolar ridge, conical shaped teeth with abnormal occlusal anatomy, multiple labial freni, delayed eruption of teeth which was suggestive of
ALKAPTONURIC ARTHROPATHY:- A RARE ENTITY Hemant Kumar†, Sagar Tyagi†, Parveen Hans†, Prof .Virinder Mohan* Department of Radiodiagnosis, Rohilkhand Medical college, Bareilly, (U.P.) India ABSTRACT Alkaptonuria is a metabolic disorder of tyrosine and phenylalanine metabolism in which there is absence of homogentisic acid oxidase whose deficiency leads to excessive accumulation of homogentisic acid in urine resulting in black color of urine on standing. The disease is usually diagnosed in adults but a few cases in childhood have been noted because of black discolouration of diapers. Homogentisic acid thus accumulates in cells and body fluids and its oxidized polymers bind to collagen leading to progressive deposition of grey to bliuish black pigment which leads to degenerative changes in cartilage,
Cardiomyopathy is present in around twenty-five percent of patients at age 6, and increasing as age goes up to fifty-nine percent at age 10. At eighteen years of age over ninety percent of patients have Cardiomyopathy. There is no known cure available at this time; but there are treatments that include steroid administration, and assisted ventilation. The absent dystrophin in Duchenne muscular dystrophy is due to a frame shift in the gene. Characterized by different mutations, the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene is one of the largest in the human genome.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, also known as, CJD, is a neurodegenerative disease that affects the brain. CJD is a human version of Mad Cow Disease. CJD rapidly impairs brain cells and causes very small holes in the brain. It is rare, and has fewer than 1,000 cases per year. It affects one in every million each year.
Concussions, Friend or Foe ? In the world that we live in, sports are a big part of our entertainment. Football, being the biggest sport in america, is one of the many sports that involve physical contact with one another every single time the whistle is blown. The most known level of football is the NFL; this is where you will find the best of the best, the hardest hitting, over-aggressive players. So you know there is a ton of injuries.
I- Search Description: LSD, the commonly misconceived drug II- Thesis Statement: LSD is a very interesting and misunderstood drug, and society’s view on it is completely backwards. III- Key Findings: Contrary to popular belief, Like cannabis, LSD is made from a natural substance as well called Ergot fungus LSD is commonly bashed upon because many drug dealers will sell other “research chemicals” that can be very harmful LSD is considered one of the safest drugs (considered safer than marijuana due to the fact that marijuana is commonly smoked) LSD only alters the brain’s chemistry for a couple days until it returns to normal The only deaths related to LSD are in immensely high doses that are unrealistic (almost 200 street tabs) or due to
Ascaris lumbricoides, or also known as the "giant roundworm" is a very common intestinal parasitic in humans. Adults worms and larvaes usually live in the small intestine and they are able to cause bowel disease. This "giant roundworm" lives in the intestine and their egg travel through feces of humans who are infected. The average size of adulthood is about 15-35 centimeters in length.