Clean up and return the materials. Paragraph 3 In my bar graph I presented the relationship between the temperature of water and an Alka-Seltzer’s rate of reaction time when dropped into the water. The data proves that if the temperature of water increases, then the reaction rate of an Alka-Seltzer tablet will increase as well. I presented the data of the temperatures; 21°C, 41°C, and 28°C for each four trials and their averages. The graph presents the trend of the rate of reaction decreasing when the temperature is lower.
The effect of pH on the speed of enzyme interaction with substrate chemicals Hypothesis: About pH: If the pH level is less than 5, then the speed of the enzyme reaction will be slower. About temperature: If the temperature stays the same, then the speed of the enzyme reaction will not be completely affected. Background information: The function of enzymes is to speed up the biochemical reaction by lowering the activation energy, they do this by colliding with the substrate. All enzymes are under the class of protein biomolecule. Amino acids are the basic units that are combined to make up an enzyme.
Denaturation is the change in the enzyme’s 3D shape which ultimately reduces the enzyme’s ability to catalyze a reaction. With extremely high temperatures, an enzyme will change shape because the intermolecular forces within the enzyme weaken and it cannot perform the function it usually does. With extremely low temperatures, an enzyme will have a reduced ability to
Unit 7 Assignment Acid-Base Balance: Respiratory Acidosis and Alkalosis, Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis Tianna Robinson February 23,2016 SC131: Human Anatomy and Physiology Normal blood pH ranges from7.35 to 7.45. When blood pH decreases below 7.35 an acidosis occurs. Respiratory acidosis is caused when the lungs cannot remove all of the carbon dioxide that is produced by the body and body fluids become too acidic (Respiratory acidosis, 2014). Ranges that are normal for PaCO2 are 35-45 mm Hg. A lung condition that affects breathing or impairs the lung’s ability to remove CO2 may be the cause of respiratory acidosis.
Temperatures that are too high denature the enzyme and halt the enzyme’s activity (2). Catalase denatures starts to denature at fifty five degrees Celsius (2). Reactions in the human body produce hydrogen peroxide as a product (1). Since hydrogen peroxide is poisonous to the human body, catalase catalyzes hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen (2 H2O2 → 2 H2O + O2) (1). According to the collision theory, a reaction can only occur if particles collide with sufficient energy to overcome the activation energy and with correct geometrical orientation (3).
The line of best fit gives the respiration rate of day-old seedlings as the concentration of NaCl they are exposed to increases. As NaCl Concentration increases the rate of cellular respiration decreases by .108 ppm CO2/g per second. This overall decrease throughout the data further supports our hypothesis. Discusion: The data collected in the experiment does support our hypothesis. By examining the data as a whole a trend of decreased cellular respiration in seedlings soaked in solutions with increased NaCl concentrations.
ABSTRACT To catalyze a reaction, an enzyme will grab on (bind) to one or more reactant molecules. In this experiment we examined how increasing the volume of the extract added to the reaction would affect the rate of the reaction. The enzyme used was horseradish peroxidase which helps catalyze hydrogen peroxide. Using different pH levels, the absorbance rate of the reaction was measured to see at which condition the enzyme worked best. The rates of absorption were calculated using a spectrophotometer in 20 second intervals up to 120 seconds.
Introduction The goal of the experiment is to examine how the rate of reaction between Hydrochloric acid and Sodium thiosulphate is affected by altering the concentrations. The concentration of Sodium thiosulfate will be altered by adding deionised water and decreasing the amount of Sodium thiosulphate. Once the Sodium thiosulphate has been tested several times. The effect of concentration on the rate of reaction can be examined in this experiment. The chemical equation for this experiment is hydrochloric acid + sodium thiosulphate + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) sodium chloride + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) + sulphur dioxide + sulphur.
The problem gives four perturbations that the equilibrium is subjected to and gives instructions to explain what should happen in these situations. For Part A, N2O4 gas is added to the vessel (which had been above equilibrium) to total a concentration of .375atm in the reactant gas. This means that there is an increase in concentration on the left side of the equation, so to reach equilibrium the equation needs to shift right. For Part B, the total volume of the vessel is decreased to 0.50 L. Pressure and volume are inversely related (as said in the ideal gas law), meaning that the pressure increases when volume decreases, and when the pressure is high the shift needs to go toward the other side of the equation. In this case, the equation shifts left.
When enzymes denature, they are inactive and can no longer function properly. High temperature, and PH levels can cause substances to become denatured. When the PH changes, the enzymes stop working, and increasing the temperature will cause a permanent change to the shape of the active site, overall causing the enzyme to no longer have the ability to speed up reactions. Catalase (enzyme) is a common enzyme that is found in all living things. This enzyme catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (substrate) into water and oxygen when it is not denatured.
The beginning reaction that occurred at the pH level of 1 shows that the mean reaction rate was incredibly low, at 2 mL/minute. This then increased by 57 units once it reached its peak productivity of 59 mL/minute observed at pH 8. pH levels 6, 7, and 8 only varied between 1 and 2 mL/minute, which demonstrated similar rates of reaction. At pH 10, the reaction rate decreased considerably as it declined by 58 mL/minute, and maintained that productivity at pH 12. The scatter graph included in the results section further solidify and visually represent these observations. The reaction rate of the catalase exposed to pH 1 is barely conceivable on the diagram as its average rate of reaction was 2 mL/minute.