Martin Luther was the catalyst of the Protestant Reformation and an extremely influential figure who completely altered religious and social ideals in Europe. Luther, a monk, was originally set out to be a lawyer, but, when frightened during a thunderstorm, he vowed to become a friar. He quickly became ordained, and then moved on to get a doctorate of theology, an achievement that he was immensely proud of. However, Luther became uncertain about monastic life. He was apprehensive about his duties, and saw himself as incapable of meeting God’s demands.
In most cases, the Catholic Church was indeed incharge. Lutheranism wanted to be the new ones in charge since they believed the Catholics were wrong in their teachings. But, they refused to let go of their powers and dominance of all the citizens in the community. This caused the divisions with European Christians and Lutheranism and Calvinism/Anglicanism. Luther thought the Catholic Church and their popes were out of hand and should not control the people as much as they did.
The Prince and the Catholic Church The Prince is considered a “handbook” on how to acquire and maintain power. Machiavelli does this by addressing what characteristics he believes a ruler should possess in order to be a successful ruler. With that being said, during the time in which Machiavelli wrote The Prince, some may have viewed his book as being immoral, as it did not follow the beliefs a Christian would uphold. It went against all aspects a good Christian would live by, ultimately leading up to an event that would forever change Machiavelli and his works in the views of Catholic believers. Within this essay, one will be able to identify as to why the story of The Prince may have conflicted with Catholicism and Christianity, causing the Catholicism not only to ban the book, The Prince, but also all of Machiavelli’s works in 1559 for over 300 years.
By questioning the sale of indulgences and arguing that the pope does not have complete authority over forgiveness of sins and, to a larger extent, salvation, Luther established a precedent for the word of the Church to be called into question rather than it having absolute authority. Given that Luther opens his 95 Theses with “out of love and concern for the truth,” it is clear that his intentions are not necessarily to completely undermine the authority of the Catholic Church, but rather to open a dialogue between the Catholic Church and its faithful on what is actually true in regards to God. The collective judgment of the Catholic community, particularly those who did not have positions of power in the Church, would then have a much greater effect on the direction in which the Catholic Church took than it would have before Luther’s 95 Theses.
In other words, she attends the religious service for outside reasons not for the true heart and spiritual reasons. This action can be seen as sacrilegious. After planning to sin, she goes to the place that does not want her to sin. The Catholic Church was and is full of scandals and problems, but the Church tries to keep it all hidden so that the appearance of perfection and sinlessness is shown. Chaucer is sending them a slap in the face with this example because he is showing that the world knows they are not as perfect and pious as they seem.
The Age of Reformation was a movement that led to the eventual influence and demise of the previously powerful Catholic Church. People were now able to worship God as they believed and they no longer relied on the Catholic Church for guidance with religious matters. Most importantly, people began to leave the religious strife that was taking place in their European homelands and they headed west to America to worship God as they pleased. Martin Luther had a tremendous impact on the Age of Reformation. Luther was a former Catholic monk who wrote the 95 Thesis document and nailed it on the door of the Catholic Church of Wittenberg.
While both Luther and Erasmus are seeking to expose the necessity of reform in religious intuitions, both have their own distinct methods of doing so. In fact they are quite opposite to one another in their methods. Luther’s tactics of focusing on improving the faith on conscience of everyday Christians is more direct approach that directly defies the church. Erasmus’ tactic of buttering up his worries with the church in a comedic story makes for a much more subtle move that keeps the church from attacking him outright and slowly plants the idea of church reform in his audience’s minds. Luther focuses on a direct approach to reforming Christianity.
Martin Luther did not set out to separate or be excommunicated from the church, only to reform the church to be more pure, as he saw it was becoming corrupt due to the greed of the papacy. He is considered a radical for challenging the power of the Pope and then current views of papacy. His attempts to call for reform and regression back to a more orthodox church led to a view of him as conservative. A radical is defined as “someone favoring extreme changes in existing views, habits, conditions, or institution” (Merriam and Webster Dictionary.) Luther challenged existing religious conditions and institutions by presenting evidence from the scripture that proved that the papacy had no control over a man’s grace, and therefore indulgences were
Then “Queen Elizabeth succeeded her sister Queen Mary”. (Alchin) Queen Elizabeth told Mary “restored Protestantism as the official religion”. (Alchin) Catholic people were starting to get mad because the Protestants were growing. Some people switched from Catholic to Protestant but most people stayed with their religion. Being a Catholic is not a crime but there is a consequence for not believing in going to church and the religion.
The Magna Carta frequently refers to God, I think this is why churches took this document as seriously as they did. King John’s power was severely restricted by the Magna Carta, because he had to follow the rules or else he would lose the trust of his nobles and his people. The Magna Carta laid the path for democracy because it gave the king less power and allowed the people to stand up for what they believe in. Studying the Magna Carta helps us comprehend how it influenced today’s government. Joan of ark is either known as crazy or a prophet, why is this?
People thought Church practices (sale of indulgences) was not allowable. a. John Wycliffe of England and Jan Hus of Bohemia recommended Church reform. b. Europeans were reviewing religious information and also thought about their own opinions about the Church. B. Luther Challenges the Church Luther made a stand towards the actions of friar Johann Tetzel. Luther was in trouble because of Tetzel’s tactics, he wrote 95 Theses(formal statements).
Zain, I agree when you stated, “Ultimately, Protestant individualism allows its followers to feel connected to each other, but the lack of a central authority – much less an authority that has a stranglehold on the government – frees them from feeling chained to each other and its strong presence in America has allowed pluralism to thrive.”. Protestant individualism probably influenced the founders to have a separation of church and state because of Catholic persecution in the past. Since, Protestants do not have a central authority figure like the Pope it reduces corruption in the Church. As power can corrupt any single individual (i.e. the Pope) when they are given supreme authority over its followers.
The Puritans were English Protestants who believed that the alterations of the Church of England did not go far enough. In their view the church was too Catholic. In England, the Puritans were people of political influence, but King Charles did not agree with their attempts to reform the church. There seemed to be no hope for them but to leave England because they were being persecuted. They believed in America they could establish a colony whose government, society, and church were all bases on the Bible.
Although these accusations are directly related with the Pope, he seems to not be taking it seriously. He has done very little to address the sexual abuse cases that involve the clergy of the church. He is not taking these cases seriously because of the acts of the public with their protests and strikes to prove a point that Priestly sex cases should be taken into account to benefit the victims.
Prompt: Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation. During the 16th century as renaissance inspired changes in education and art ,humanist ideas also impacted religion. Major dissatisfaction with the Roman Catholic Church and its traditions made it easier for people to trigger a movement to reform the church and its teachings. There were two reformers Martin Luther, a german theology professor, who came to realise a new comprehension of Christianity, and King Henry VIII, who desired divorce which he could not get because of the disapproval of the Catholic Church. While the motives of their strong persuasion of