Cause And Effect Of Overpopulation

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There are a lot of issues that exist which affect the environment; most of them are caused by humans. Many concerns that the environment faces are harmful such as pollution, endangered species, cutting down of the rainforest, and global climate change. However, the most detrimental concern is overpopulation. Overpopulation is when the number of humans in an area exceeds the amount of resources available. The causes to overpopulation are various but the main three are food production distribution, improvement in health and conquest of disease. For the last 150 years farmers have had the ability of to increase food production geometrically in some places. The reason behind this is technology as farmers now have a wide variety of techniques and due to that we now have new kinds of seed, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and more sophisticated machinery. For the last 10 years food production has improved by 24% as it outperformed population growth. Although this hasn’t been evenly distributed all over the world, for instance in Africa the food production decreased while the population increased. Another cause to overpopulation is improvement in health. People have concerns about surviving, like meeting the simple essentials: food, water, and housing. First, access to harmless drinking water was connected to the incidence of epidemic illnesses such as cholera and child survival. Less than 50% of the population had access to harmless drinking water beforehand 1990. By 1990,

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