On average, 37.1% of the total is in that sector. However, the picture is highly contrasted between less (76.1%) and more urbanized areas (21.3%). Agricultural value added shows the same pattern: in developed countries it is around 2% of GDP, but in Africa is still very high at 30.5%. Urbanization is affecting this pattern, though. For less urbanized areas, agriculture value added is 41.8% but only 10.0% in more urbanized areas.
It resulted in a major increase of food supplies. Documents 1and 2 both prove this by directly showing how the food supply has increased. Wheat yields have been steadily increasing in both Mexico and India (doc 1). The United Nations have also concluded that the general food supply and population on the worldly scale has increased and should continue to do so (doc 2). The Green Revolution also brought about many lifestyle changes to occur.
Treatment procedures for malnutrition have become slightly more effective in the past few years. Unfortunately, most patients, particularly those in rural regions, do not have access to these more developed treatments and may never have the chance to attend a proper health care setting. Malnutrition is not caused by a simple lack of food. Poverty, inequality, lack of education, climate and environmental changes are major factors that cause malnutrition… In sub-Saharan Africa, agriculture is crucial to equitable economic progress, and the future health and nutrition of Africans depend mostly on its development. Over 70% of Africans ' nourishment is made up of locally grown foods.
In this regard, studies show that famine has been reduced 20% in this period (Brownell, 2008), food supply raised 12-13% between 1960 and 1990, whereas without the new technologies food production were decreased around 20% and price was increased 35-65%. The other research in Asia shows that with 1% increase in production, the numbers of poor people decrease by 0.48% (Pingali, 2012). Furthermore, green revolution has had a great influence on labor’s life and provided opportunities for them to improve their life. In fact, this revolution has affected labors in some terms such as employment and wage. As I noted above, green revolution has increased productivity, so bulk density of generated plants enhance the need for extra labors for fertilizing, transplantation and weeding (Das,
The number of low birth weight babies is concentrated in two regions of the developing world: Asia and Africa. Seventy-two per cent of low birth weight infants in developing countries are born in Asia where most births also take place, and 22 per cent are born in Africa. India alone accounts for 40 per cent of low birth weight births in the developing world and more than half of those in Asia. There are more than 1 million infants born with low birth weight in China and nearly 8 million in India (2004). Latin America and the Caribbean, and Oceania have the lowest number of low birth weight infants, with 1.2 million and 27,000, respectively.10 According to a study by the Ministry of Health of the Union Government, 30 per cent of the infants born in India were Low Birth Weight Babies, 10 per cent were less than 2 kg, three per cent weighed less than 1.5 kg, and 0.7 per cent weighed less than one kg.
Therefore, it is possible to claim that it has a 'glocal' - both global and local - dimension. The exploitation of resources and the massive use of chemicals involved with intensive agriculture have contributed to permanently damage the environment, thus endangering the development of different species (Croall, 2014). In fact, intensive agriculture is causally related to increases in water and air pollution, decrease of soil fertility, and soil erosion (Lang et al., 2009). All of these, taken together, can be held responsible for the destruction of natural habitats of a number of species of wildlife (Lawrence, 2008). Intensive farming has also been linked to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions (Croall, 2014): intensive livestock accounts for nearly one fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions, rivalling with the emissions from the global transport sector (Lawrence, 2017c).
Most people are exposed to a certain level of pesticides. Farmers who experience routine exposure to pesticides have exhibited neurological symptoms such as headache and hand tremors. Children, in particular, may be more susceptible to negative effects resulting from pesticide exposure. Pesticide runoff can have devastating effects on nontarget organisms as well. For example, roundup, an extremely common herbicide used in agriculture, is highly toxic to fish and amphibians.
Contrary to what many proponents of GMO labeling believe, GMOs actually bring with them many benefits, some of which are already being seen. With the increase of genetically modified corn and soybeans in the united states, the amount of chemical usage has been greatly reduced, and farmers have made more money because they don’t have to buy pesticides (Lusk and Miller 2). GMOs also have promising benefits for solving the problems of the future. Out of the 7.5 billion people in the world today, nearly 1 billion are starving. The number of starving people is estimated to increase to an amount of 10 billion by 2050 (Mosely 578).
Low life expectancies can influence the fall of a country. The lowest life expectancies are located in Africa where malnutrition is present and the water is not safe to drink. In these developing countries there is not proper medication or sterile areas to treat infections and other diseases. This causes people to die at a young age since there infection or disease only continues to worsen. As the life expectancy goes down the average working age goes down which leads to more responsibilities and less time for education for children.
A low intake of vitamins and minerals causes about 2 billion people all over the world to suffer from micronutrient malnutrition (IFPRI, 2014). Nutritional deficiencies result in impaired physical and mental development of humans, loss of productivity, susceptibility to various diseases among others (Lim et al, 2012). They are caused not only by low quantities of food consumed but also by poor dietary diversity; as dietary diversity is a good indicator of broader nutritional status. More diverse diets are associated with lower rates of nutritional problems in many parts of the world (Popkin and Slining, 2013). As a result, to improve nutrition and health, it is important to increase dietary diversity.
At the G-8 meeting in 2009, it was realized that agriculture is two times as effective at reducing poverty as other industries. That meeting also created $22 billion of investments for agricultural development and food security. Obama created the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition which is a private sector for investments toward African Agriculture, 70 local and global companies invested around $3.75 billion. Although, many obstacles are presenting themselves which are creating some of our goals farther and farther out of reach. With a population expected to be reaching the 9 million mark in 2050, the current food production needs to double to be able to feed all.
With their health rates decreasing, children are more likely to become sick. Africa is known for a low amount of money; therefore, children stay sick because medication is not available for them. (“Health Issues” 4). Not only has the effects of malnutrition become catastrophic but also the effects of malnutrition, killing millions of African
(31) Another potential obstacle is that the data on the number of the currently uninsured African immigrants who know about their coverage options is lacking, as earlier mentioned this group is likely categorized as Black or African American. In addition, the decision by some states not to expand Medicaid eligibility will have detrimental effects on the insurance coverage of African immigrants with the lowest incomes. For example, in states that expanded Medicaid, studies show that the rate of uninsured Latino’s decreased from 35% to 15%, while in states without expansion, the uninsured rates remained the same. (32) Cancer awareness was accomplished during this health fair, with a family history of certain cancers
Moreover, deforestation makes the soil weak creating erosion and in the long run, it could affect the agriculture. In addition, when deforestation becomes a situation of consideration, others systems do so. For instance, the water cycle can be affected since trees are responsible of evaporating the water, which then is condensed and then reaches again the trees to complete the cycle. Nonetheless, as many trees have been burned to make different uses of the land, the water cycle cannot be as efficient as it used to be. Therefore, different parts of the world can be affected by deforestation of the Amazon forest.