What Are the Pros and Cons of Military Spending? As the US economy tanked, the banks have been bailing out and the country losing its jobs, its military spending has continued to grow. For the past years, it is recorded to have increased more than 100%, which is very high compared to the height of Ronald Reagan’s presidency and the Cold War. The money allocated for the defense budget is used to purchase sophisticated weapons that often do not make it into production, but when they do, they are just too expensive to maintain. This means the US has been maintaining its spending a full 1% of its gross domestic product (GDP) just to maintain its arsenal.
There has been continuous debate going on whether Population growth is really a problem or not? If yes, then what are the causes and consequences of it to a developing nations as compared to developed nations. This paper will use India as an example to discuss these issues, as India is the second most populated country of the world after China. World’s population has increased from 6.6 billion in 2007 to 7.6 billion in just a decade and is expected to exceed 9.2 billion by 2050. This is a significant rise in the population, despite all the measures taken by United Nations, Government (as in China) and different NGO’s to educate people about the consequences of having more children on the health of the mother, on the financial situation of the family and also on the country.
Natural increase occurs when the birth rate exceeds death rate and usually accounts for population growth. Surprisingly, even with a huge drop in global fertility rate from 4.45 in 1970 to around 2.5 in 2014 (The Astounding Drop in Global Fertility Rates Between 1970 And 2014, 2015), the world’s population is still increasing. This is due to longer lifespans of people as medical technology advances and people leading a healthier lifestyle. This is supported by an increase of global life expectancy at birth from 48 years in 1950 to 69 years in 2015. (Chapter 1: Main Factors Driving Population Growth, 2015).
During the period of deforestation, loggers and cultivators clear forest lands and convert them into agricultural lands to meet the increasing demand for food and raw materials of the economically growing nation. Then, agricultural expansion eventually stops. There are two forms of forest recovery after agricultural expansion. One is referred to as the “economic development path” and the other is the “forest scarcity path” (Rudel et al, 2005). The “economic development path” take place when agricultural expansion stops and farm workers look for higher paying non-farm jobs.
In the last 70 years the world’s population has increased more rapidly then ever before. In 1950 it was estimated that there were 2.5 billion people, in 2005, there were 6.5 billion, and in 2018, 7.6 billion people, according to the Population Reference Bureau. By 2050 the population could reach to more than 9 billion people. This rapid growth is caused by numerous factors, such as advances in medicine, which led to longer lifespans. Lack of family planning leading to larger than expected families, and in general higher birth rates then death rates, which causes an imbalance of population.
How will the phenomenon of increasing population in certain areas of the world affect mankind's future? Today there’s seven and a half billion people on our planet. In 2100 there will be more than eleven billion. Some may say that today we have reached the Earth’s sustainable population limit, others may think that we have already passed that limit many years ago or that this limit still has to be reached. Numerous scientists have conducted plenty of research on this topic, since it has been considered an issue by many in the last few decades.
Population growth is a mass destruction around the globe. After studying in detail on this topic, I realised that humans consumes more resources than the earth can provide. There are more than 7 billion people around the world and if we continue to live a luxury lifestyle, the earth can only support approximately 2 billion people. Global aquifers are being pumped 3 times faster than what is actually should. This will soon result in lack of fresh water and millions will suffer from it.
Aging a phenomenon that is older than the concept itself and has existed since the dawn of mankind. However, it has only been in the past few centuries that science began conducting research on the stages of the human aging process. Globally, the aging population is skyrocketing at a very high rate. Whether developed or not, people from each region around the globe are facing numerous challenges after they start experiencing the physical, psychological, emotional, and social changes once they reach a certain age. Populations in developing countries are aging three times faster than the advanced societies.
The world’s population will continue to urbanize even after it stops growing around 2050, and we have entered “the century of the city” (Anonymous, 2010). Higher levels of urbanization often correspond to higher levels of economic and social development at the national and regional scales, but urbanites usually have substantially greater and more diverse demands for resource consumption than agrarians, thus adversely affecting ecosystems and landscapes at the local and regional scales. During the past three decades, China’s urban population increased from 18% in 1978 to 52.6% in 2012 while the city ‘built-up area,’ doubled and residents increased by 2.5 times. The pace, depth, and magnitude of these changes, while bringing about benefits to local people and the global economy, are causing severe ecological stresses on both local human living conditions and regional life support systems. Facing ever increasing environmental challenges of urban flooding, heat island effects, haze and smoggy atmosphere, a new vision and new path of ecologically sound urbanization in governance, engineering and
In India, water erosion is the biggest reason of land degradation. Because of the over-population, the demand for food, energy, and housing have considerably altered land-use practices and severely degraded India’s environment. The growing population put immense pressure on land intensification at cost of forests and grazing lands because the demand of food could not increase substantially to population. Thus, horizontal extension of land has fewer scopes and relies mostly on vertical improvement that is supported by technical development in the field of agriculture i.e. HYV seeds, Fertilizers, Pesticides, Herbicides, and agricultural implements.