Cause And Effects Of Deforestation

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Deforestation In this essay I will be discussing the effects and causes of deforestation. Deforestation is defined as the permanent removal or clearing of forest in order to make the land suitable for other uses. Deforestation has become increasingly problematic, with approximately 40% of the world’s rainforests being lost to it. I will be looking at the effects that deforestation has on the carbon cycle and climate change, wildlife and the relief of surrounding land. First of all, it is important to understand the causes of deforestation. One of the main contributors to deforestation is the removal of forest for agriculture. As the demand for crops like palm oil and soy and livestock such as cattle increases farmers need more land available to them. Their answer is to either clear cut or burn forest to make it suitable for their needs. Both of these methods are extremely harmful to ecosystems that depend on the forest and to the earth as a whole. Another cause of deforestation is logging, which is often done illegally. This is a result of the demand for cheap timber for commercial applications such as the manufacturing of furniture, houses and packaging. Logging illegally helps decrease cost as you don’t have to pay taxes, duties and you don’t have to waste time getting a permit. A third major cause of the loss of forest is urbanisation. As towns and cities grow they need more room for housing and infrastructure. If this town or city is next to a large forest it may
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