Again, republic was overthrown and dictatorship under Napoleon came to power. This war not only effected French but global conflict extended to the Caribbean to the Middle East. According to many historians this French revolution is considered as one of the most important events in human history. The causes of this revolution are known to
Despite the neglect for the importance of the intellectual origins from the Marxist school, a revolution has to be conceivable before it can take place. The Enlightenment’s critique of society and institutions, especially of despotism and the Church, laid foundations for a new order. Ideas of liberty, equality, the fellowship of man against oppression, democracy as an idealised solution, have all been accorded an important role. France saw even its peasants and artisans, thrown into turmoil by the thoughts of philosophes, making intellectual history a major area of inquiry. The Link Between the Age of Reason and the French Revolution When the influence of the Enlightenment on the revolution, is put to question, a tendency to blame the philosophes for their indirect involvement in events that are ‘too flawed’ in the scheme of the French Revolution.
Another influential philosopher was the french Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who wrote the Bill Of Rights. It protected the people's right from the government. These new ideas influenced in the French Revolution just like other revolutions did too. In 1776 the American revolution took place and inspired the French people. The British colonies in the America’s declared their independence from the English Court and the lower class in France saw the possibility of throwing down the French
July 14th is French National Day in remembrance of the storming of the Bastille and the French Revolution as a whole. Many chose to celebrate the beginning of the revolution as a time of renewal and regeneration of a rotten system, ignoring the later chaos that ensued from overly radical individuals. While the second half of the revolution, before the rise of Napoleon, is drastically more violent than the beginning, the platform was still the same, equality and freedom for all. This revolution developed during a time of already radical thinking known as the Romantic era. Again, while the beginning and the end of the French Revolution were drastically different, they are both inherently romantic in ideology and practice.
• During the Enlightenment there was a Scientific Revolution • The enlightenment was also called the Age of Reason • The chaos of the Reformation and wars of religion had shaken a belief system that had been accepted by society in the Middle Ages • People began looking for natural law, the conditions that govern human behavior • Thinkers began to believe that the problems of society could be solved through reasoning • One of the first philosophers to search for the natural laws of government was England’s Thomas Hobbes. • He believed that people by nature were bad and needed strong government • He believed that people could avoid the nature of being bad by entering into a social contract • This was an agreement to give up individual freedom to live in an organized society
The French Revolution was one of the significant movements that transitioned the medieval world to the modern times. During this time, there were groups that wanted this revolution and two of these are Girondins and Jacobins. When these two revolutionary groups took seats in the French National Assembly, the political left and right dichotomy was born. The Girondins are on the right wing and the Jacobins are on the left wing. Girondins were inspired by the Bible and the Greek philosophers.
This situation tend to occur because the basic needs of the citizens or of the population aren’t being accomplished. This creates a condition where the leaders of the community can incite a metamorphosis. The French revolution was a significant epoch of social and political catastrophe in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799. This was inspired by the liberal and radical ideas. This situation altered the course of modern history; generating the global decline of theocracies and absolute monarchies during the time they were replacing them with democracies and republics.
“I wish not merely to think, but to act.” Fichte The French Revolution (1789-1799) had a tremendous impact on all spheres of life in Europe. German intellectuals such as Kant, Fichte and Schiller, to name a few, were deeply inspired, at least initially, by this uprising of the French people for human rights, that is, until the Revolution turned into a vicious bloodbath much to the horror of the whole of Europe. The Revolution was a watershed moment in European history and after it, many questions of community, nation and relations between the individual and society became important. In Holy Roman Empire German Nation, the intellectuals who belonged to the Aufklärer, a society founded during the German Enlightenment comprising of members such as Thomas Abbot, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Moses Mendelssohn, and who greatly believed in the power of reason as the guiding principle of human behaviour would be unable to explain the extremism of the Revolution. What had started as a triumph of reason had turned into pure violence and the Aufklärer would have to modify its ideas and reach a new understanding of human reason.
But among these questions, one seems to be spontaneous: who did influence its outbreak? The 18th century reveals the Enlightenment - a cultural movement that spreading in all Western Europe, turns in a real cultural revolution. What is new in this movement is the will of enlightening the mind of man, benighted of ignorance and superstition, with the use of reason. These new thinkers blindly believed on the power of reason and wanted, in fact, to interpret reality through reasoning. By becoming a cultural revolution, we do not talk about enlightenment only in philosophy and literature, because Enlightenment brought changes in art as well - from the frivolous and exaggerated Rococo to a return toward classic
Likewise, Weber argues that because of the democratic ideas brought in by the French Revolution, “people are reluctant to accept that anyone is entitled to rule except the people themselves” (Shaw, 2008). He emphasizes instead the importance of state bureaucratization or having skilled rulers in place of direct democracy (ibid). The postmodernists