Why was life so turbulent? These questions will be answered by the time you have finished reading this paper. The French Revolution was from 1789 to 1799. Many governmental changes were made in that short time period. From the monarchy being overthrown and the royal family’s execution to Maximilien Robespierre and Napoleon taking over.
The goal of the American Revolution was to get away from the British government and be free. The Declaration of Independence was basically announcing them as not the thirteen colonies but as the first thirteen states of the U.S. The goals of both of these are different for a reason, because the French Revolution wanted a government and the American Revolution wanted to get away from their government. The revolutions were similar because they both wanted a different ruler and they both had absolute monarchs. They were also similar because they both had social inequalities which was basically if you were in a different social class you were treated differently.
French Revolution was political and social movement that occurred in France between 1787 and 1799. It was the most violent revolution in the 18th century. The revolution had three slogans “Liberty, equality, and fraternity.” Liberty represented freedom from cruelty of government. Equality meant social equality and fraternity brotherhood as the citizens are tied with solidarity. The wars exhausted monarchy and the years of bed harvest led up to the revolution that started in 1789.
Currently, the France, that people know today, is the aftermath of the French Revolution. The government of France “is a unique hybrid of presidential and parliamentary systems that reflect rich political traditions and culture” (Guardian). In the current France, there is no absolute monarchy. There is no divine ruler like King Louis XVI. France is now a democratic country with the President as the leader along with his hers subsidiaries.
Napoleon attempted to gain trust in order to convince his people that he always had their best interest at heart. However, the fact that Napoleon made an effort to raise his public image is all well and good, but did it work? According to Geoffrey Ellis, the majority of French people thought very highly of Napoleon: "All presented him as a ruler of unrivaled intelligence and wisdom, as a force for good, for necessary change, who swept away the last corrupt vestiges of the old regime in France." Napoleon began his rule in 1796 near the end of the French Revolution – a time period in which thousands of French citizens were executed by the government. When he rose to power, French citizens believed that Napoleon was the person who was finally going to pull their country out of political turmoil.
During the revolution, French citizens restored, then ultimately rebuilt their country 's "political landscape" by eradicating absolute monarchy and the feudal system (history.com). This revolution played a large role in shaping modern nations like Haiti by showing people the power that citizens really have over their countries and governments (history.com). Though the French Revolution was not able to "achieve all of its goals and at times degenerated into a chaotic bloodbath", it was successful in influencing revolutions around the world (history.com). The Haitian Revolution was not only influenced by the French Revolution as a whole, but also certain aspects of the revolution such as the ideals of the French Revolution, the change in government that occurred after the French Revolution had ended, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen that came about as a result of the France
They weren’t given privileges like the other estates and this caused many problems for the French society. The first estate was the Clergy, they made up about 0.6% of the total population in France. The clergy owned about 10% of the land in France. If you owned your own land in the French society you were considered wealthy. The more land you own the wealthier you would be.
The purpose of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are life, liberty, property,security, and resistance to oppression.” These philosophies were violated and corrupted the purpose of the enlightenment. According to the Napoleonic code, March 24 1804, it states “The husband owes protection to his wife, the wife obedience to her husband”. This clearly portrays how obsolete France’s social reforms were, only further assisting the stringent sexist ideals implemented into France’s administrative constitution. Hence, although some may dispute the claim that the French Revolution fulfilled the principles of the enlightenment, the transparency of the situation gives context to the bloodshed and
“Although theoretically it was a republic, in fact Napoleon held absolute power” (Spielvogel). This shows that France traded in a absolute ruler for another absolute ruler. While France technically got rid of their absolute government gaining it back would not count as them achieving their goal. For example. If someone has a dirty shirt and they wash it yet it gets dirty again, is the shirt still dirty?
Physiocracy first developed approximately around 1750, exclusively in France. It was during the time-period of the mercantilist school of thought. It was short lived but relevant to today because it provided insights into the economy and its influence on the economic ideologies of the time as well as the social sciences of today, is quite significant. Economic conditions had taken on a very particular context at the time, forcing out various self-proclaimed economists to analyze these issues, thus leading to the official physiocracy movement. Those issues mostly stemmed around the problems of agriculture.