During urbanization process, there are mainly five trends (Seto et al., 2013). First, urban areas are growing faster than urban populations objectively. Second, urban areas cause climate change due to UHI effect and altered atmospheric condensation. Third, nature resources are consumed heavily by increasing building zones. Fourth, biodiversity regions experience faster urbanization than other areas.
Urbanization is seen as an effect of the current globalization phenomenon, as people, through their view of urban centers as a rich source of employment and access to other economic activities, coupled with the fact that social amenities are available in urban areas as opposed to rural areas, continue to migrate to urban areas to access this facilities. Urbanization is defined as the continued proportional increase of an entire population which live in urban areas and the surrounding sub-urban areas. It is a function of population increase, which can occur through natural growth within the existing population and rural-urban or urban-urban migration. (Owuor,2012).Urbanization is greatly linked to industrialization which took place in the mid 18th century in parts of Europe and which many countries continue to experience. As industries continued to grow, there was emergence of towns due to concentration of labor in the industrial areas and the emerging needs for housing and other social amenities for the factory
Such changes have affected mainly on the individual and society but in different ways  and the phenomenon of cities growth is steadily increase, so the urban population growth rate exceeds the population growth rate . Herper and Gottman defined the urban sprawl process by spread and extension out the border of the city, e.g. the urban sprawl without adhering to the limits of the areas where this process has occurred . The urban sprawl is known as continuing increase in the numbers of the population, whether in regular or irregular housing, which increases the demand on agricultural land, then creates defect in the ecological balance . Several studies indicate that urbanization in cities of developing countries is happening in a quantitative manner rather than quality; e.g.
Day by day the number of people in urban areas is increasing. And they are leaving their traditional agricultural sector and by this process urbanization is increasing. The Lewis Theory of Development: One of the best- known early theoretical models of development that emphasized on the structural changes of a primarily subsistence economy was that constructed by Nobel winning economist W. Arthur Lewis in 1950 and then modified and expanded by John Fei and Gustav Ranis.2 This two-sector model was the general theory of development in excessive –labor developing countries and still it is being used for studying the growth in developing countries. In this model, there are two sectors- one is rural subsistence sector and another is urban industrial sector. This model emphasizes on the labor migration and also on the output growth and employment in the industrial sector.
Urbanization can describe a specific condition at a set time, i.e. the proportion of total population or area in cities or towns, or the term can describe the increase of this proportion over time. So the term urbanization can represent the level of urban development relative to overall population, or it can represent the rate at which the urban proportion is increasing. Urbanization is not merely a modern phenomenon, but a rapid and historic transformation of human social roots on a global scale, whereby predominantly rural culture is being rapidly replaced by predominantly urban culture. The last major change in settlement patterns was the accumulation of hunter-gatherers into villages many thousand years ago.
This phenomenon is closely connected to modernization, industrialization, and the sociological process of rationalization. Urbanization can be observed as a specific condition at a particular set of time or as an increase in that condition as the time progresses. Hence urbanization can be quantified either in terms of the level of urban development relative to the overall population, or as the rate by which the urban proportion of the population is rising. Urbanization creates enormous social, economic and environmental changes, which provides an opportunity for sustainability with the “potential of using resources more efficiently, for creating more sustainable land use and for protecting the biodiversity of the natural
Urbanization is the extensive and rapid shift of a population from rural to urban areas. It happens because of an extensive increase in the number of populace or because of the resettlement of people from rural to urban settlements. “According to the United Nations, over half of the population of developing countries will live in cities by 2020. This is perceived by many as a huge step forward, for developing countries and humanity in general. But is it?
It also means people shifting from rural to urban areas. Urbanization happens in all over the place in the world, and it brings both positive and negative effects on societies. Urbanization has become a common feature of Indian society. Growth of Industries has contributed to the growth of cities. Urbanization rate in India starts to accelerate after obtaining its independence from the British.
1 GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.0 Introduction In the recent past, increasing trends were seen in unprecedented urban growth, industrial and physical development in most part of Asia. Cities (urban areas) have so far absorbed their growing numbers in settlements with a varying quality of living and that has consequences on the complex uses of land with the complexities of the constructions. As a result, urbanization and industrialization have also changed the way humans relate to land (Ploeger and Stoter, 2005). According to the Department of Statistics Malaysia, in year 2013 Malaysia’s population is estimated to be 29,620,200 has more than tripled since it was formed in 1963. As the result, more complex buildings and facilities were built to cater