Wojciech Wieczorek IB1 History SL Question 3: Examine the impact of technological developments on the course and outcome of one 20th-Century war (WW2 chosen). Stating that the WWII drastically changed the lives of people all over the world seems to be a massive understatement or a trivialisation of the entire conflict; however, simple fact is that it really changed everything, including development of new technologies. But not only new technologies were invented but also the ones created during WWI had matured and were adjusted to the new realities of the war. All kinds of technologies – including electronics and communication techniques; land, naval and air weaponry; and medical developments – had a substantial impact on the WWII. The
Fascism under Mussolini and Nazism under Hitler started to rise in Europe during the interwar periods. Both totalitarian governments brought great impact to their nations and international peace, which eventually led to the outbreak of WWII. The German economy suffered severe setbacks after the end of World War I, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. The government printed money to make the payments and to repay the country's war debt; the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots. When the government failed to make the reparations payments in January 1923, French troops occupied German industrial areas along the Ruhr.
Triggers and causes In World War I, the trigger was the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria in June 1914 and the causes were militarism, imperialism, nationalism and the alliance system. In World War II, the triggers and the causes were political and economic instability in Germany after the Treaty of Versailles. The harsh conditions of the Treaty of Versailles led to the rise of power of Hitler and his alliance with Italy and Japan to oppose the Soviet Union and the Allies. As a comparison, in my opinion, World War I was more avoidable as the triggers and causes were not as sophisticated as the World War II. Conflict between In World War 1, the Central Powers (including Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) and the Allied Powers (France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and (from 1917, the U.S.) opposed each other.
Hitler liked this group so much that any other other group must die in order to make more room for the master race (Introduction). The Holocaust is a time in history when millions of people were persecuted in Europe by being sent to live in ghettos and eventually being deported to concentration camps where they were systematically annihilated until the Allied forces liberated the remaining survivors. The Ghettos were used to isolate Jews from society and make them feel like than out cast (Altman 14). Other reasons for moving the Jews to Ghettos are to control the population and to
After all it had started when a Serbian shot an Austrian. It was felt that Germany had been simply made a scapegoat by the other countries for all that had happened. Looking back it is clear that the Treaty of Versailles created more problems than it actually solved. The treaty broke up empires and changed boundaries. The Germans lost territory and other countries tried to weaken Germany’s military potential and strengthen their own to compensate for the destruction of their lands caused by the Germans.
Fascism kept on promising people the restoration of their economy and this was one of the factors that popularized Hitler, Mussolini and many others as nationalists with the mind of their countries looking forward to see great improvement in their economy. As per Miron (2011)Fascism as a type of government maintained very tight control measures over all the government institutions as well as citizens. It comes as a result of nationalism, ethnic and racial purity over all other things. Rising of fascism and Adolf Hitler in Germany is rooted in the after effects of World War I. Germany was the main blame in this war, with victorious allies imposing very tough penalties on Germany. These included making Germany pay for their wartime expenses as well as its own.
As the nature of war changed, so did the definition of terrorism. In modern time, a misinterpretation of terrorism can cause military acts to be viewed as terrorism. One of the most controversial military debates centers around whether the United States bombing of Hiroshima during WWII could be considered a war crime or not. After the German surrender, the Allied forces hoped the Japanese would follow suit but even conventional bombing killed “an estimated 330,000 Japanese” (National Park Service, n.d., para.4). Despite that, the Japanese government remained defiant and planned on fighting to the end.
The economy of the West Coast would only be improved with the relocation of the Japanese, as many American farmers were missing out on work due to immigrant success. Pushy military persons used their positions to persuade the government to introduce mass relocation, when in reality, the necessity was only due to wartime hysteria. The biggest factor that led to the mass relocation of the Japanese people was racism. It grew out of the many acts that established the belief that Japanese people were not American citizens. Overall, the relocation of Japanese people in America was neither justified nor necessary.
The ultimate purpose of Roosevelt's speech was to appeal to anyone who didn't get adequately paid when working in the corporations (New Nationalism speech 1910). He wanted these men to earn what they deserved (New Nationalism speech 1910). Roosevelt’s speech is mainly about how the United States found itself transformed fundamentally after the Civil war and how the war resolved the problem of slavery (New Nationalism speech 1910). It seemed to open new birth of freedom as Abraham Lincoln had hoped, but the potential of American industry had been unleashed, which brought challenges to the country due to new economic and social problems on a national scale (B&N). He tried to stop the big corporations from gaining power (B&N).