“Twenty percent are veterans, African Americans make up half of the Los Angeles County homeless population- disproportionately high compared to the percent of African Americans in the county over all ( about nine percent).” (Thornton, 2016). Homeless data was collected nationally, and there are 578,424 people that are homeless, 84,291 (fifteen percent), are considered chronically homeless (Henry, Cortes, Shivji, Buck, Khadduri, & Culhane,
Homelessness is a huge promblem in America. In the United States homelessness is something many americans dont consider. Million of homeless people including childern, families, babies and elderly live day by day. Housing is a fundmental human need. Home is a place were you feel loved , secured and most happy.
Homelessness is a widespread problem in the Austin area. On any given day, there are more than 2,000 homeless men, women and children in Travis County. (ECHO) Homelessness a is complex, indiscriminate. Vulnerability to homelessness stems from unevenly distributed factors across many demographics. (Koegel, Melamid, Burnam, 1995) For example, family homelessness has been increasing in the United states in Recent years.
As mentioned Vulnerable populations are categorized in many sub-segment and face with numerous challenges. For instance, the homeless population is one of the subgroup of vulnerable populations that facing tremendous economic and health conditions. It is estimated 564,708 people are homeless in the United States, and many of these homeless are youth under 18 years of age (Housing and Urban Development, 2016). Because of their leaving condition and precarious behavior of some homeless individual, they are at risk for poor health status. They are more susceptible to various diseases like skin infection, pneumonia, influenza, tuberculosis, hepatitis, and HIV.
Description of Homelessness Homeless is considered the oldest issues in the world, which include adults, children, and mental illness. When it comes to homeless, the concerns are poor physical and mental health issues. Homeless adults are more likely to have short life expectancies (Taylor, Kendzer, Reitzel, & Basinelle, 2016). According to the Huntsville Times (2015), the recorded number of homeless people was 3,970. In addition, 2,943 were living in emergency shelters and the severe mental ill were living in long-term housing.
America as a nation, is in debt. Today, the United States of America is in debt 19.3 trillion and growing every second! That is a debt burden of $59, 586 for every man, woman, and child in this nation. Not only is our government binding future generations to trillions of dollars of debt, we have lost 5 million manufacturing jobs since 2000. Globalization and outsourcing are leading to the steady decline of our manufacturing industries.
We all need help at one point in our life, so why do we deny our help towards homeless .Why don’t we help the people who once fought to protect this country that we are currently living in. They now need our help to survive. Why not pay them back with our help towards them . According to Volunteers of America, over 670,000 americans are homeless and 48 million people go hungry every night .Also, 46.2 million americans live in poverty. These are large numbers and sadly these numbers keep increasing every year.
The main reason why people experience being homelessness is because they cannot find affordable houses. Homeless individuals are more prevalent in urban areas. Statics have shown there are about more than 643,067 people in the United States that are homeless; 238,110 of those people are in families and 12%, which is about 77,168 of those people are veterans. These numbers come from a point in time count, which is conducted by each community, in a single night in January every other year. Although the relationship between addiction and homelessness is a complex controversy topic, people who are poor and addicted are clearly at increased risk of homelessness.
The National Center on Family Homelessness at American Institutes for Research (NCFH) released a report exposing that 2.5 million children are homeless in America. (Mclean, 2015) California is the wealthiest state in the country but ranked third worst in the extent of homelessness, the second worst in policy, and in the lower half of the US in terms of risk and wellbeing, making it the third worst US state for child homelessness overall. (Mclean, 2015) Rent is increasing as income is decreasing or staying the same. Families are having to spend half or more on just rent leaving little money for other necessities. This makes families vulnerable to fall into homelessness.
Women and children are overwhelming affected by this, with one in two homeless women with children in homeless services are escaping domestic violence (Homelessness in Australia 2012). In addition to domestic violence the other frequent seen causes of homelessness are, lack of affordable housing, intergenerational poverty, unemployment, mental illnesses and young people exiting state care (Homelessnessaustralia.org.au, 2015). A common misconception is that mental health and drug addiction are the main circumstances for people being homeless(Roger, June 2015) .Although there is a link between the two circumstances most homeless individuals develop mental health issues and drug addiction after living on the streets for a long period of time (Homelessness in Australia 2012). Amongst these individuals teenagers living on the streets are at a higher risk of developing drug addictions and mental illnesses, mainly due to how young and impressionable they are (Homelessness in Australia 2012). According to Youth Of The Streets, a non-profit organisation that helps youths living in difficult substitutions find better living accommodation.
One in 3o children are experiencing homelessness in the U.S. There are three main reasons why children are homeless in America. Lack of affordable housing, poverty and domestic violence who are living in homeless families. Over 1.5 million children live in families without homes, among those are 42 percentage under age 6 , 47 percentage are African American and 2 percent of the American Indian and Alaska native culture. The typical profile for a homeless family is a single mother in her twenties with two kids.
Homeless youth can be defined by individuals who lack parental, foster and or instituional care. There is an estimate of 1.3 million homeless youth living unsupervised on the streets, in abandoned buildsings, with friends or with strangers. As a homeless youth they risk being abused in different ways. Some of the ways they get abused is psychical, sexual, substance abuse, and death. Every year there is approximatly 5,000 youth die that was unccompanied as a result of assult, illness, or suicide.
In my experience, my homeless clients have engaged in high risk health behaviors and neglected their health. These high risk behaviors include substance abuse, criminal activity, incarceration, and unsafe sex practices. As a result these individuals experience high disease burdens and mortality rates. Boston Health Care for the Homeless estimated that the total annual expenditures from ER visits was $16,011,738 annually (Thakarar, Morgan, Gaeta, Hohl, & Drainoni, 2015). “Multiple factors have been identified as predictors of frequent ER use in homeless persons such as older age, previous hospital admissions and emergency room visits, multiple primary care visits, perceived inadequate mental health care, poor health status, and HIV” (Thakarar, et al., 2015).
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 20 to 25% of the homeless population in United States suffers from a form of severe mental illness (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Mental illness is the third largest cause of homelessness for single adults. (National Coalition for the Homeless). People with mental illness who become homeless lack both proper medications for the illness and suffer from extreme psychological problems. It is often a challenge hosting and caring for individuals with mental illness because they suffer from mental issues such as delusions and bizarre conduct.