The Industrial Revolution witnessed the evolution of large urban centers, such as Boston and New York City. It changed society from agrarian to mechanical, which further moved jobs to larger cities. As every coin has two sides, there are negative sides to this. Primarily, it caused severe pollution. The environment condition was bad with smokes surrounding them.
Industrialization drew a large numbers workers away from their homes and into large cities which caused the population to be increased at an unprecedented rate, crowding them into miserable housing, which spurred a high demand for cheap housing and slums. The workers were subject to the dangerous, hard jobs and low pay. Industrialization brought about a number of changes in society, economic and art. The huge impact was on the society whereas no longer had an appropriate moral, ethical and spiritual. Critics and intellectuals such as Augustus Welby
(The Industrial Revolution 145-147) According to Perry, Capitalism caused many people hardship and pain especially the working class who suffered pay cuts because machines were starting to replace human power. Factory labor was very strict and harsh to the workers, everything was done according to schedule (135). Workers spent twelve to fourteen hours a day, six to seven days a week, in the factories. Other than the harsh conditions of the factory itself the children working under those circumstances were being beaten and abused very frequently which only added to their pain and suffering. According to , the children thought that if they were not beaten regularly they would not have worked in the factory.
Right after the Civil war, America was rebuilding itself. Arising along the rebuilding was unemployment. Thousands of people were jobless and had families to feed. Once big, industrialist-led companies starting employing, people scrambled to get a job at these companies. Although many people were being employed and paid, working conditions were very hazardous and payment was unfair.
Despite its many positive effects, industrialization had a negative impact on Europe too. Urban areas doubled, tripled, or quadrupled in size which led to overcrowding in cities. Sometimes a large population is a good thing, but in this case the population was too big and caused many health problems. Living conditions were dirty and unhealthy. Cities were unsanitary and diseases filled the streets.
This is view is agreeable because Harlem truly changed during events such as the American Civil War and World War I when it was subjected to much reconstruction. The neighborhood was a strong and significant location of economic boom after the American Civil War because of the labor force that was present during the time. Italians, Jews and most notably, African Americans, came to Harlem in order to take advantage of this economic boom by working in
The Industrial Revolution was the pathway that paved the way for many advances in today’s society. This revolution stemmed from the aftermath of the American Civil War and Reconstruction. Before the Industrial Revolution, manufacturing and creation of products was done in the homes of citizens, using ineffective tools, such as hands or simple machinery. As products were manufactured in the homes of citizens, more time was spent working to make an additional income. The development of different technology, like steam-powered boats, played a huge role in the Industrial Revolution.
Unfortunately, this is one of the worst results of the industrial revolution, but also a good turning point in history. Company owners needed to find employees to work for them for cheap and with hard working skills. The factory owners did not provide safe environments for their workers and often overworked them to the point of utter exhaustion (History.com). "The overworking does not apply to children only; the adults are also overworked. The increased speed given to machinery within the last thirty years, has, in very many instances, doubled the labour of both" states the author John Fielden, in his book called "The Curse of the Factory System."
Britain began the revolution first, it then quickly spread to some of Europe, the U.S, the remaining parts of Europe, and then slowly to the “Asian Tigers” (Cite WCP). The new technology caused an uproar in production and soon bettered working conditions and pay. The machines did cause several workers to lose their jobs, for the machines could produce twice as much produce in half as much time as humans. Multiple people such as Newcomen, the Lombe brothers, Kay, Hargreaves, Arkwright, Crompton, and numerously more inventors contributed to the Revolution by inventing, regulating, and making and changing rules. The inventions brought about new ideas and people began to make communities to better the world; however, not all of the communities had the right ideas.
In the 1800’s and early 1900’s, the rapid growth of the United States resulted in many benefits, but also many disadvantages. With the growing diversity of America, the industrialization of the United States and more, there are bound to be problems with these advancements. The Progressive movement and its reformers worked to improve the social, political, and economic problems in America. Three specific problems of many that were present and were reformed were the urbanization problems, monopolists in society and the poor working conditions in factories. These problems were reformed and their improvements made an impact on America today.
America was left with an enormous problem after the civil war, thousands of unskilled people. But, through strategic decisions this would lead to tremendous industrial growth. Industrialization grew rapidly during the period of 1860-1900 as a result of a verity of factors .Technological advancements, monopolies, and political assistance would all contribute in making America one of the leading global powers.
The dramatic economic expansion that American experienced during industrialization led to the creation of the extremely poor and the extremely rich. During the Progressive Era, New York faced overpopulation distribution and overcrowding of living arrangements in the city due to the migration. Inevitably, the class division in terms of the economy and social amongst the people made it impossible for Americanization of becoming together as a nation. Jacob Riis, and immigrant himself, a photojournalist and most important, a social reformer exposed the abuse and poor treatment of the tenements in New York City through his work How the Other Half Lives. He utilized the use of flash photograph, allowing him to capture and communicate in a very specific
Between 1865 and 1900, immigration, government action, and technology impacted the social, cultural, and economic realms of the American Industrial worker. Immigration increased greatly to America because the industry was booming, and news of this new, industrial America was spreading throughout Europe. The government took actions to help the average industrial worker, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Interstate Commerce Act, and the Hatch Act. Technology affected the industrial worker through inventions, reinvented landscapes, and convenience. Immigration largely affect the American industrial workers in many ways.
“Much of the blame heaped on the captains of industry in the late 19th century is unwarranted.” (Document F). The Gilded Age was a time where the U.S. economy grew very quickly and rapidly, due to the inventive minds and entrepreneurs of that time; but it has different perspectives of opinions in history today. This era led the U.S. to its state and place in the present world, thanks to its important contributors, (who are involved in the main debate of whether they were robber barons, unethical men who yearn for money, or captains of industry, leaders who add positive ideas and methods to benefit their country.) The industrial leaders of the Gilded Age are captains of industry, worthy of some gratitude and credit for how our society’s structure
As industry exponentially grew after the Civil War, the need for labor and materials to power newly-created manufacturing giants caused new social classes to form: the rich corporation owners and the poor laborers. Unfathomably rich Robber Barons, or plutocratic American Capitalists, dominated the economy and industry and profited from the slave-like work of millions of poor laborers during this time period. Moreover, the poor working class and the rich further divided by distribution of wealth. Therefore, exploitation of capitalism widened the gap between the rich and poor classes of America, and both newly-formed classes developed reasons for the change. During the period of industrialization, between 1865 and the early 1900’s, corporate