Many people including the father of Tanzania “Julius Kambarage Nyerere” tried to solve the issue of poverty in Tanzania by implementing policies to help the economy, but they failed. The inability to solve this problem causes the community to suffer from many diseases, poor living conditions, unsafe working environment, and alcohol and substance abuse. According to many researches the main reason for poverty in the developing countries is the high percentage of illiteracy especially in Africa, “Around the world,
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
This theory stresses that sometimes people perceive themselves to be deprived relative to others. It is the perception that creates the inter-group hostility, rather than the actual relative status of the two groups. This often happens when conditions improve more slowly for one group than for another (Draman, 2003). These theories are normally used to draw a link between poverty and conflict in Africa. The presence of poor governance structures and inequalities in access and distribution of economic resources, have made some groups of the population to have better opportunities than others.
The socioeconomic status of black, white and colored individuals in South Africa prevents contact between any members of a different racial group from being under the condition of “equal status” (Erasmus, 2010). It was noted in a study that there are a significant number of black individuals in Cape Town who remain segregated geographically and socially living in poverty (Durrheim & Dixon, 2010). Secondly results showed a significant imbalance in the number of people living in South Africa belonging to each racial group indicating that there is a greater chance of contact between non-white racial groups (Durrheim & Dixon, 2010). Post-apartheid studies on contact theory have indicated a positive outcome but it has been noted that black individuals are less likely reduce their prejudice towards white individuals during contact (Tredoux & Finchilescu, 2010). In the same study it was found that the quality of the contact between individuals need not be high but rather the frequency of the contact that provides a greater prejudice reduction in South African individuals (Tredoux & Finchilescu, 2010).Between the years of 2001 and 2004 there was an increase in the number of interracial friendships amongst university students however in a more fixed setting such as eating meals together in the food court , it was observed that racial groups would prefer to
Some ethnic groups feel or are perceived as more superior than others in terms of resorce abundance, employment opportunities, education, and also holding government or leadership positions. This superiority complex leads to communities disagreeing and the scramble for the scarce resources begins. Africa being a third world country and having over a thousand ethnic groups provides for room to build up these conflicts. An important theory on conflict and conflict management is John Burton's (1979, 1997) human needs theory. This approach to ethnic conflict explains that ethnic groups fight because they are denied not only their biological needs, but also psychological needs that relate to growth and development.
Basically inequality is the opposite meaning of equality and an example of it is that there is inequality between developed and undeveloped countries. Let’s start with the Europeans and Africans. Europeans at that time were very high on economics, education, and culture and because of this condition; they were able to conquer Africa and teaching them about their knowledge. And another effect due to this situation is that the Africans begin to change and their culture had been replaced, also their education and economics had increased. But what’s not equal about this is that the way of the African life has changed and since they are not too well about the Europeans way, the Africans had a hard time to adapt.
Does the evidence from Africa support the thesis of underdevelopment? Although Africa is developing fast and there are still a few countries that are trying to make a global impact, It can still be said that the African continent continues to house some underdeveloped and poor countries. The abject poverty that the citizens live under has been a result of political security and war in some countries. This essay will show that the evidence of Africa supports the thesis of underdevelopment. I will show this by focusing on what African politics is and the significance behind studying it.
In this year’s Africa’s Transformation forum in Kigali, it was stated “Almost half of the 10 million graduates churned out of the over 668 universities in Africa yearly do not get jobs,” so with Africa’s youth population growing significantly, hopefully to increase by 45% by 2030, imagine the increasing number with no jobs and even more, meaning low income, resulting in poverty. Also, this can be considered as a waste of Africa’s greatest resource, hence Africa is working way below it’s production possibility. The African rising narrative suggests, that Africa is growing, and is basing this growth mainly on statistical figures like the GDP, however this is not an adequate measure because they are developmental problems like poor access to health facilities, poverty , income inequality and high unemployment levels. I believe for Africa to really rise we must focus on economic development whiles experiencing our economic growth. Lastly, we must find our identity and learn to take ownership of what we own, in order to unleash our fullest
Corruption is a major challenge to sustainable development in Africa (Le Billon, P. (2008). The socio-political and economic system in many African countries are generally known to be inextricably rooted and entrenched in corruption. The African countries have also become dependent on foreign Aid donors. Ending corruption in Africa is the paramount responsibility of African leader, many who have failed to make a difference between the poor contemporary Africa and the Africa without corruption. From this point of view, African leaders are not doing the best to end corruption and engage in a real development of the continent.