Cause Of Slums Essay

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TOPIC: WHAT ARE SLUMS ITS CAUSES AND EFFECTS

WHAT ARE SLUMS

• A slum is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing and squalor.
• While slums differ in size and other characteristics, most lack reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services.

CAUSES OF SLUMS

Causes that create and expand slums
• Rural-urban migration
Urbanization
• Poor housing planning
• Colonialism and segregation
• Poor infrastructure, social exclusion and economic stagnation
• Informal economy
Poverty
• Politics
• Social conflicts
• Natural disasters
1. RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION:

The proportion of people working in agriculture has declined by 30% over the
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Similar dynamics are cited in faves of Brazil, slums of India, and shanty towns of Kenya.

7. SOCIAL CONFLICTS:
Millions of Lebanese people formed slums during the civil war from 1975 to 1990.Similarly, in recent years, numerous slums have sprung around Kabul to accommodate rural Afghans escaping Taliban violence.

8. NATURAL DISASTERS:
Major natural disasters in poor nations often lead to migration of disaster-affected families from areas crippled by the disaster to unaffected areas, the creation of temporary tent city and slums, or expansion of existing slums. These slums tend to become permanent because the residents do not want to leave, as in the case of slums near Port-au-Prince after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, and slums near Dhaka after 2007 Bangladesh Cyclone Sidr.

EFFECTS OF SLUMS: DUE TO SLUMS
SHORTAGE OF SPACE:

About 77.6% of the urban dwellers in Mumbai reside in one room and lakhs of them sleeps on the footpath. About 62% of the households of the metropolis reside in these slums. This give rise to the problem of shortage of

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