Causes And Consequences Of Migration

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Migration:
Migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling temporarily or permanently. The movement is typically over long distances and from one country to another. There may be internal migration also. Migration may be in terms of individuals or family units. The temporary movement of people for the purpose of travel, tourism, pilgrimages, or the commute is not regarded as migration.
Reasons for migration:
There are two factors for the migration of people. That is push factor and pull factor.
Some of the push factors are
Population pressure
• Poor infrastructure
• Inadequate job offer
• Bad educational chances
• Poor health care
• Ecological problems
• Natural disasters
• Social compulsions
Some of the pull factors are
• Improvement in the standard of living
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One of the important economic impact is that remittances sent home by migrants. These remittances benefit the poor family whose income is not sufficient to meet day to day needs. By allowing workers to move to areas where they are more productive and valued, migration leads to a direct increase in the global output and income. International migration has the potential of facilitating the transfer of skills and contributing to cultural enrichment. It should be maintain that both the sending and receiving countries should have the positive impact.
Impact of migration on sending countries:
• Remittances are the major source of foreign exchange to recipient countries, boost the capacity of the financial sector and help to attract subsequent investment.
• Remittances help to lift recipients out of poverty, increase and diversify household incomes, provide an insurance against risk, enable family members to benefit from educational and training opportunities and provide a source of capital for the establishment of small
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