Migrant Workers Should be Welcomed Migrant workers are people who leave their hometowns to live and work in other cities or countries. Everyday, there are people moving from one place to another, it may because of wanting to change a working environment, to break away from unemployment, or to find new opportunities for self-development. People may say that those immigrants bring many negative impacts on the places they moved to live and work, however, in my opinion, whenever in economic, cultural and social aspect, they bring much more advantages to those places. First, the diaspora makes positive influences on the economy of a country. In the view of economy, when there are more people are looking for a job, which means the demand for jobs
Although the transnational perspective does not directly dispute these concepts, it mainly focuses on mobile migrants who take part in processes of transnationalism: Transnational migrants or transmigrants move to another nation state where they settle down and participate in the cultural and social lives but “at the same time, they are engaged elsewhere in the sense that they maintain connections, build institutions, conduct transactions, and influence local and national events in the countries from which they emigrated” (Glick Schiller et al. 1995:48). Accordingly, transnational circulation is not limited to the physical movement of human bodies but also includes other (possibly recurrent) exchanges across nations, “such as travel, communication, and remittances” (Duany 2011:21). These exchanges can take place with direct state involvement or in the absence of the state. José Itzigsohn and others (1999) have distinguished between “narrow” and “broad” transnational activities.
Exports can improve a country’s position in the balance of trade (Barrett, 1990). When a country exports, they gain access to foreign exchange resources. Additionally, exports enable a county to sell the excess production capacity. This will enhance the economy and will promote global expansion for the local businesses. Exports will also potentially bring stability to otherwise fluctuating market demands.
In this theory, it explained that individual rational choice is the deciding factor for the people to migrate. Individuals choose to migrate after they had calculated the benefit of migrating and usually they expect a positive return from their movement. According to this theory, people move to places where they can be more productive. (need more) Dual labor market theory Dual labor market theory explains that international migration is caused by the demand for labor in the modern industrial societies such as the developed countries. One of the major supporters of this theory is Piore (1979) in which he argues that international migration is caused by the prevailing demand for immigrant labor that is essential to the economic structure of developed nation.
This is because people can have a choice of new and better varieties of goods and services. By consuming new and better varieties of goods, people can improve their standard of living. 5. Generate employment opportunities - Foreign trade helps in generating employment opportunities, by increasing the mobility of labour and resources. It generates direct employment in import sector and indirect employment in other sector of the economy.
However, there is the potential that when people migrate into a country, the outcome is positive on food security. Migration allows people better job opportunities to gain better income. Better income enables the transfer of cash and food across countries, rewarding the sender and receiver with an increased ability to access nutritional facilities thus promoting food
Human migration is closely related to globalization and culture. Globalization makes people becoming more interconnected and especially contributes to the international migration which is increasingly common worldwide. Culture helps people to distinguish the members of one group from another. Culture is shared pattern of learned human behavior and interactions so that immigrants should consciously accept and learn the new language and custom, and only in this way can they be identified as a member of the society. The most common factor that leads to migration worldwide is economic opportunity.
Therefore, the generated income can move down to the lower income layers of the economy. Furthermore, tax revenues the government receives both from tourists and local businesses can be used in government expenditures on health, education, science and infrastructure. In addition, tourism significantly improves export opportunities for developing countries contributing to the expansion of their economic growth. The government foreseeing these advantages implements public policies favorable for the development of tourism. (Stynes,
Tourism also helps in alleviation of poverty in mostly developing countries where tourism is the main source of income. Development of infrastructures such as roads, schools, hospitals airports, and retail areas have the potential to benefit local community and can assist economic development through more trade and better flow of goods and services. (The Responsible Traveler Guide,
FDI may give the benefits to the host country and also home country, but there are also some disadvantages of it. Let’s discuss. The benefit of FDI to the host country is that the resources can be transfers which can give a good effect. The resources can be said that such as capital, technological and managerial skills. The host country can receive the resources given by the home country, thus it can improve the efficiency of operation and economic development.