Causes And Effects Of Acid Rain

979 Words4 Pages
Acid Rain is the rainfall which is highly acidic in nature, that it causes material atmospheric and environmental depletion. It majorly affects the plants, aquatic creatures, infrastructure etc. Being acidic means it contains elevated level of Hydrogen ions i.e. low pH. Although, normal rain water is already slight acidic with a pH range of 5.3-6.0, because carbon dioxide and water present in the air react together to form carbonic acid, which is a Weak acid. When the pH level of rain water falls below this range, it becomes Acid Rain.
Both natural and man-made sources are known to play a role in the formation of acid rain. But, it is mainly caused by combustion of fossil fuels which results in emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen
…show more content…
Acid rain is a type of rain that is harmful for the environment.
Acid rain includes rain, snow, hail, fog, or dew that is high in acid pollutants, especially sulphuric and nitric acid. Acid rain is caused by emissions of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which reacts with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids.
The reasons of presence of these acids in air are natural and man-made. Volcanic eruptions and decaying vegetation being the natural reasons and pollution due to combustion of fossil fuels and from road transportation, chimneys, industrialisation etc being the man-made reasons of Acid Rain.
Acid Rain has been shown to have a bad impact on forests, water as well as soil. It kills insects and marine life-forms as well as causes damage to buildings and have drastic impacts on human health.
Acid rain also poisons rivers, lakes and other water bodies. Many buildings and monuments have also been damaged by acid rain since the acid damages calcium carbonate stone.
The way by which Acid Rain could be prevented is by start searching for cleaner forms of energy, such as the use of solar power, recycling resources and by planting more & more
…show more content…
Acid Rain can easily be defined as rain, fog, sleet or snow that has been made acidic by contaminants present in the air as a result of fossil fuel and industrial combustions that mostly emits Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) and Sulphur Dioxide (SO2).
Acid rain can be classified as: Dry Acid Rain or Wet Acid Rain. Both the wet and dry forms of acid rain can be carried away by the wind and travel a long distance before being deposited, being the natural reasons and the pollution in the environment due to the chimneys, industries, vehicles etc, being the Man-made reasons for Acid-Rain.
When the acid rain falls, it can dramatically alter the acidity level of the habitat and can cause a great damage and destruction to the living as well as the non-living things within.
The most drastic effects from acid rain could be damaging for all one and all including forests wildlife, aquatic biodiversity, human beings, buildings, infrastructures, soil, historical monuments and many

More about Causes And Effects Of Acid Rain

Open Document