If the planet was to lose all the coral in the world, it would decrease the diversity of the ocean (Casper 184). Plus, the destruction of reefs affect other animals such as reef fish, turtles, and sharks (Casper 185). All this is happening due to global warming. How does global warming affect coral? Global warming has and is still negatively affecting coral due to the rising temperature of the ocean.
The final question I have is: How are deep sea creatures affected by hurricanes? Hurricanes can spin up sediment and kill coral and animals like that. They also cause there to be less dissolved oxygen in the water, making it hard for them to breathe and take in
Chemicals from industries and agricultural sites can run-off into the ocean. When the toxic chemicals from this and sewage get into the ocean’s ecosystem; it leads to reduction in oxygen levels, decay of oceanic plant life, and severe decline of the quality of the sea water. Toxic chemicals that get into the ocean raise the temperature drastically, this is known as thermal pollution. Marine animals that cannot survive in these higher temperatures will eventually
Ocean acidification is affecting marine life immensely. When our oceans keep acidifying it causes carbonate ions to be less plentiful and these ions are an important part for marine life such as oysters, clams, sea urchins, and corals to get there structures built and maintained such as their shells and coral skeletons(1). Ocean acidification can also affect some fish 's ability to detect predators putting them at a greater risk and causing the entire food web to be in danger(1). The organisms that are having the most trouble adapting to rising acidity is corals because they produce calcium carbonate to make their rocky outer layer that forms coral reefs(2). Coral reefs are the beautiful ecosystems that are booming with life but since the acidity has been rising and so has the overall temperature of the ocean the coral has been bleaching and has not been able to grow well or even stay alive(2).
While researching about how pollution affects sea turtles, we faced some issues on finding different types of pollution. As most people know, the plastic waste that is being dumped into the oceans and onto the beaches is becoming a main food source for sea turtles. When sea turtles see this trash, they consume the plastic causing death or severe sickness which has caused this species to become endangered. They also get tangled with the plastic in the ocean restricting them from normal movement and function. During our research, we found that there are more types of pollution affecting sea turtles than just plastic waste in the ocean.
Coastal development: The growth of coastal cities and towns generates a range of threats to nearby coral reefs. Degradation of coral reefs — can result in lost tourism income in countries that are dependent on reef-based tourism and also can reduce fish populations Coral Reef Degradation is caused by natural and man-made events. ... Water pollution comes in a variety of different sources, oil, gas, and pesticide, They poison coral and marine life. Coastal construction — can cause chronic sedimentation, sewage effluent, industrial discharge, and changes in water flow and run off, which can directly affects the coral increasing rated and metabolic activities as well as it directly kills all of the corals Removal of reefs — can result
I choose this article because I think it’s really cool that we are finding ways to repair the coral reefs. The coral reefs are already in danger of extinction because of global warming, so finding a way to try and repair them is great. Ever since the Industrial revolution, the oceans have been taking in more carbon dioxide. The quantities of the gas taken in by the oceans are large enough that now some areas of the oceans have become more acidic, a phenomenon called ocean acidification. Ocean acidification is harming many groups of animals, including coral reefs.
As observations were conducted on multiple reefs, however, a major decline in the water quality and coral coverage of reefs worldwide had declined dramatically. It was upon these observations that the reefs ability to self sustain was questioned (P. Harris, 2012). Their structure is resilient to most natural disturbances, however, they are extremely vulnerable to human interference such as the nutrient contamination of their water quality that has occurred. The contamination this study focuses on is as a result of fertiliser and other nutrient rich pollution which have contaminated these coral sanctuaries. This contamination has lead to great loss of coral coverage.
In this essay, I will argue that the practice of shark finning should be illegal in China as it results in major impacts on the oceanic environment. Shark finning is a practice of cutting a shark’s fins off the rest of the body whilst the shark is alive. Once the fins are successfully cut off, the rest of the body is thrown back into the ocean where it begins to die slowly. “It is estimated that 100 to 200 million sharks annually are killed” for a Chinese dish known as shark fin soup. Shark finning majorly affects the oceanic environment’s plant life and its food chain.
Materials such as these are not only toxic and harmful, but accumulate in the environment, also these materials are not biodegradable (ibid). Thus, increasing the rates of deadly diseases such as, cancers, physical birth defects, and now other health problems are being observed (ibid). The accumulation of these atrocious materials causes a worrisome in the biodiversity of the environment. There are many more contributions to ocean pollution that many people don 't know