Causes And Effects Of Deforestation

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Deforestation is the action or process of cutting down the trees in a large area or the destruction of forests. There are many causes of the deforestation such as both illegal and legal logging, farming activities as well as poor land management. Deforestation has brought negative impacts too, which includes the damage to land, the extinction of plants and soil erosion. This essay will discuss the causes and effects of deforestation. First of all, legal and illegal logging including farming activities are the causes of deforestation (McLeish, 2007). As the population increase, humans cut down many trees and clear forests to provide more fields for crops such as tea, rubber and oil palm (Pakenham, 2005; Golden and Miller, 1994). It is suggested that “to satisfy the need of the growing population for food, fuel and land, the Mayas cut down more and more of the tropical forests on hillsides” (Pakenham, 2005, p. 7). Stenstrup (2009) states that slash and burn is one of the techniques that have been used to clear the forest and convert it to the agricultural land. In addition, illegal logging activities occur in order to supply mahogany for luxurious furniture production (Golden and Miller, 1994). Since there are many demands of mahogany and the price is high, mahogany logging keeps increasing since the furniture company wants to gain high profit. Trees are not replanted after the logging activities. Furthermore, Pakenham (2005) suggests that forests are cleared to provide lands
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