In “1928 - Okeechobee” by Liz Doup she says, “Water rushed onto the swampy farmland, and homes and people were swept away.” The hurricane Okeechobee was very dangerous. It was the second most deadly hurricane in U.S. history (KSigwart). The hurricane didn’t just destroy the town and take love ones, it also casue a lot of damage that cost a lot of
Global Trends and Patterns of Urban Flooding Worldwide, flooding is the leading cause of losses from natural hazards and is responsible for a greater number of damaging events than any other type of natural event. At least one third of all losses due to nature’s forces can be attributed to flooding. Flood damage has been extremely severe in recent decades and it is evident that both the frequency and intensity of floods are increasing. There are countries, such as China, in which flooding is a frequent, at least annual event, and others, such as Saudi Arabia, where inundation is rare, but its impact is sometimes also severe (Loster, 1999). According to World Bank (2012), over the past eighteen months, destructive floods occurred along the Indus River basin in Pakistan in August 2010; in Queensland, Australia, Sri Lanka and the Philippines in late 2010 and early 2011; along with mudslides, in the Serrana region of Brazil in January 2011; following the earthquake-induced tsunami on the north-east coast of Japan in March 2011; along the Mississippi River in mid 2011; as a consequence of Hurricane Irene on the US East Coast in August 2011; in Pakistan’s southern Sindh province in September 2011; and in large areas of Thailand, including Bangkok, in October and November
Presently, the Philippines is confronting serious negative results of the unwanted adjustments in two seasons. During the dry season, it is noticeable that the gradual increase of surface temperature that leads to El Niño affects the country 's various sectors such as water resource from dams, agricultural productions, and human healthcare. The most widely recognized impact of El Niño is drought and reduced rainfall that may last a year. For instance, last May 2015, Angat Dam, the supplier of 97 percent of Metro Manila 's local water needs, breached its 180-meter minimum operating level due to the lack of rain over the Bulacan watershed. Consequently, agricultural productions were affected when the dam shutdowns farm irrigation after it reached 179.67 meters bringing about the loss of crops additional operational cost.
Flood is a high stage of the river in which the flow overwhelms the natural channel (Chow 1959). They are natural catastrophic events that have social and economic impacts. In the past, the impacts of floods have been limited to local and regional scale but the damages of recent flood events have enthralled the researchers to study the dynamics of floods on a global scale. Brenden (2012) had estimated that the total global exposure of 46 trillion USD to the river and coastal flooding on the basis of population and GDP per capita in 2010 while this figure will jump to 158 trillion USD by 2050. Mathematical models are used to model these disastrous events.
Overburdened or closed drainage systems can also lead to damage both within and outside floodplains. Construction and new development affect natural drainage and create new flood risks Some of the water are absorbed into the ground, if the ground does have enough water, the rest of the water has to go somewhere eventually, the water rushes into creeks and then rivers. If the rains continue for hours the poor rivers can 't handle that much water in that short period of time. The water then begins to overflow. The death toll from floods rain leave thousands people homeless.
Disaster, as defined by the World Health Organization is an occurrence disrupting the normal conditions of existence and causing a level of suffering that exceeds the capacity of adjustment of the affected community. In other words, disaster pertains to a catastrophe that results in great harm, damage, or loss of life. Looking over the Philippines, the country’s geographical location just above the equator and on the Pacific Ring of Fire makes it one of the most receptive countries in the world to disaster and climate change. Every year, Philippines roughly experiences 900 earthquakes and 20 typhoons that make up 58% of all disasters in the country. Moreover, in 2013, the country experienced yet another Typhoon, which turned out to be one of the deadliest natural disaster, recorded on history that killed almost 6,400 people.
Usually weather is very rough during these season. It will raining heavily all the time. When it rains heavily it caused the overflow of water from the river. Furthermore, nowadays there are the uncontrolled development .The effects of the developments caused the drain cannot function smoothly and also caused the landslide. All this effects can caused the big and unexpected disaster which is flash flood.
(2015) was state that the average rainfall in Malaysia at every state is approximately 2,500 mm a year and it making Malaysia as the one of the countries with the heaviest rainfall in the world. According to Mohammad Abdul Mohit et al. (2013) all the four regions of the country in Malaysia such as north, central, east and south had experience flooding during the monsoon season every year. The basic cause of flood in Malaysia is incidence of heavy monsoon or convective rainfall and the resultant large concentration of runoff which has been worse due to rapid development in the river catchment and decline a river capacity (Ho, 2002). Definition Food Security Food security, or rather
Introduction Background of the Study Floods are surrounded by earth’s most common and destructive natural disasters. It can cause many problems and take lives as well. Due to a heavy rainfall, people need to prepare for the possible floods and landslides in several parts of the country, that’s why in the Philippines it’s a major problem because the country is prone to natural disasters particularly typhoons, floods, earthquakes, landslide, etc. The Philippines is in the fourth most disaster-prone country in the world with a total of 274 natural calamities over the past two decades. It is according to a study “The Human cost of Weather Related Disasters” conducted by Geneva-based United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and
The Philippines has been battered by many catastrophic storms and other natural and man-made disasters since time immemorial due to its geographic location situated both at the typhoon belt and the Ring of Fire. The country is prone to multiple recurring hazards such as cyclones, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides. In fact, the 2015 World Risk Report, in their World Risk Index for 2013, ranked the Philippines first (1st) out of 183 countries in terms of disaster risk, and fifth (5th) in terms of long-term climate risk for 1994-2013. Hence, there is a dire need for disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM). Through the years, the Philippines has adopted various approaches from disaster preparedness and response in the 1970s, to disaster management in the 1980s, to disaster risk management in the 1990s and eventually disaster risk reduction in the years 2005 and beyond.