With higher production costs and productivity at it maximum, companies cannot maintain profits by producing the same amounts of goods and services. As a consequence, the increased costs are passed on to customers, causing a rise in the overall price level (inflation). Demand-pull inflation occurs when there is an increase in collective demand, categorized by the four sections of the macro economy: governments, households, businesses and foreign buyers. When these four sectors at the same time want to purchase more output than suppliers can produce, buyers compete to acquire limited amounts of goods and services. Buyers then bid prices up, again and again, causing inflation.
For firms, inflation causes cost or production to income since workers’ demand pay rises, as well as making it difficult to firms to plan for future. Inflation is an increase in general price levels and has undesirable impacts on households and firms which means the government is justified to use policies to maintain price
Cost-push inflation happens when we face higher prices due to the increase in cost of production and higher costs of raw materials. It is determined by supply side factors. Cost-push inflation can be caused by higher price of commodities, imported inflation, higher wages, higher taxes and higher food prices (Economics Help, 2011). Demand-pull inflation happens when there is an increase in the price of goods and services when demand increases too much that it outpaces supply (US Economy, 2015). Sometimes people refer it as “too much money chasing too few goods”.
Higher interest was a consequence and the cause for a further depression as that led to a reduction of money supply in the Economy and as the Economy was on Gold standard the Federal bank couldn’t increase the supply of money without backing it with gold reserves 9. Cycle of depressions- as more companies bankrupt, so more layoffs, so more bankruptcy. CONCLUSIOm Both the crashes were similar and different in different ways. It would be irrational, tough and unjust to compare the importance of each of the event as they both mark important events in the history of Economics and had important lessons for the people of the world. The crashes did not just have an economic or financial basis but also political.
This curve became widely used by policymakers to control unemployment and inflation by manipulating the opposite variable. Acknowledging the inverse relationship between inflation and unemployment shown in the Phillips Curve, Phelps agreed that inflation depends on unemployment and vice-versa, but he challenged the curve's theoretical foundation and argued that the government should not use the curve as a basis for policy. He noted that when the government attempts to lower unemployment below its natural rate through expansionary monetary or fiscal policy, demand increases and firms respond by raising prices faster than anticipated by workers. With higher prices, firms receive a higher revenue and are able to hire more workers. When workers see that their wages have risen, they supply more labor, leading to a lower unemployment rate.
With the price of housing, food, etc. going up, and the value of money going down, the cost of living increase exponentially. The cost of living is something that affects everyone, rich and poor, meaning people who are lower middle class would end up being forced down into poverty, once again, increasing the poverty rate. The final way the counterclaim is disproven, is because the increase in taxes would likely offset any monetary gains people would be
Tariffs and wage standards are inflicted and the unemployment rate continues to soar. Overall within the alternate view the government is making all the decision, which keep the depression in place. In this viewpoint, if the government had not interfered as much, the economy would have bounced back. The alternate view depicts a vastly different explanation of the Great
DISADVANTAGES Long term financial development puts an awful effect on the inhabitants of any nation. Long term economic developments may be identified with expansion, as inflations may increase. Inflations usually increase the cost of products on sale, and as the costs are higher, it will be an issue to the nationality in question to be able to buy their needs There is a limited amount of time involved in the growth of an economy as it involves an increase in GDP. The hypothesis and practice are both diverse. The hypothesis is the thing that economists are able to figure out for themselves; however, to be able to use the hypothesis in reality is the main task.
A more detrimental impact on the current minimum wage in our economy is the inflation rates and the fact that inflation tends to reduce the populations purchasing power of money. According to input by McConnell, Brue, and Flynn, inflation is caused by an excess of total spending that exceeds a firm’s production volume (McConnell Pg 206). In other words, by raising the minimum wage and creating human stimulus, businesses can reach full employment and maximum output. Minimum wage affects inflation because inflation imposes a domino effect in overall economic health and success. Increased costs reduce supply resulting in less total output and employment cuts.
Raising the minimum wage will ruin our economy. Look at the big picture, businesses and companies will struggle or close, poverty will increase, and the price of consumer goods will rise. There are a few things that let economists know how the economy is doing at the moment. They’re called economic indicators, and 2 of them are consumer confidence and unemployment rate. The more people that are unemployed, the less money being used to buy things which hurts the economy.
If the minimum wage increases, it doesn’t necessarily mean that the economy will get better or our standards of living will be better. If wages go up, then the standard of living will also increase. There are statistics that have proven why the raise of the minimum wage will actually cause more issues. As the minimum wage increases, the unemployment rate will increase. As well, there is a huge potential of causing small business to collapse due to higher wages and being unable to afford it.