Sumner was not a supporter of imperialism because he didn’t want American to become like Spain and other European imperialist nations. In some ways it would have been ironic if America became an imperialist nation because America started out as a group of colonies ruled by an imperialist nation. Another challenger of imperialism was Jane Addams, a progressive social reformer, who gave a speech in 1899 that criticized the Spanish-American war and the increase in militarism in the U.S. She compares militarism in Cuba and an increase in crime at home (Doc4). She reflects the concerns of people on the homefront during the Spanish-American war and the U.S. acquisition of colonies in Asia and Caribbean. She believes American imperialism undermines the ideals of peace and America’s tradition of isolationism.
The following president known as Grover Cleveland was not in much favor of annexing Hawaii. He had issued for there to be an investigation over if the Hawaiian civilians favored this annexation. The Hawaiians however did not favor for there to be an annexation and it was therefore not carried out. Later on, when President McKinley had entered the white house, he called for the immediate annexation of Hawaii. One of the main reasons to annex Hawaii was to have there be naval bases on it so the US could have a port near the Philippines during the Spanish-American war.
Lower sales of products had created economic depression which led lower salaries and endangered the life of middle class families. They greeted the war initiatives in the hope that it would open more opportunities and help recover the economic condition. President McKinley’s objectives, on the other hand, were not for colony, just expansion of the spheres of influence for the sake of trade and commerce. He wanted at least a foothold in Philippines so that he could make Manila Bay part of a chain of bases-Hawaii, Guam, Wake- across the Pacific Ocean that could serve as a stepping stone to China and a center of U.S. power in the Western Pacific. After accomplishing this objective, the United States adopted ‘Open Door Policy’ to China along with imperial power England and Russia.
Countries such as Germany, France, Europe, Britain and Japan participated in the “sphere of influence” because China had valuable resources and these countries can control an area of trade in China. As shown in document A, the countries are reaching towards China to take their resources. The United States felt threatened and left out because they weren’t participating, they decided to create the policy as a coverup to join in the sphere of influence and take a role of power in China wealth. The United States had the right to create the policy because they believed that China wasn’t suitable and it was necessary for them to do it. As Theodore Roosevelt said in the Annual Message to Congress, if a country can govern themselves, they won’t need U.S interference.
In order to accomplish expansionism, the United States needed to acquire foreign territories to increase their global presence. Competing nations had been involved in expansionism long before the United States due to George Washington’s adoption of a policy of isolationism. As shown by Thomas Nast’s cartoon, powerful nations such as Britain, Germany, and Russia had been acquiring territories around the globe long before the United States. (Doc A) This
As shown, the letter of instructions that President Thomas Jefferson wrote to Meriwether Lewis clearly states his plans for buying more western territory in acts of expanding the United States. Both Lewis and Clark as well as the 25 men accompanying them in the journey have a sense of honor, knowing that what they are contributing to, are in acts of building up the United States Empire. After the Expedition took place, the U.S. had more reasons to act upon expansion towards the west due to understanding of the region. A decade before Manifest Destiney took place, the Lewis and Clark Expedition was one of the many attributes that led to the beliefs of Manifest Destiney and why it took
America declared war on Britain in 1812 largely because of Britain’s practice of impressment. Although America chose to stay sovereign during Britain’s war with France, the British still kidnapped thousands of American sailors and forced them to work for the Royal Navy. Working for the Royal Navy was difficult work and some men died or were even killed during their service. Although impressment might’ve been practiced for centuries in Britain and they
Two of many main causes that evoked American expansion was the amount of opportunity that America could take, the idea of Manifest destiny, and the amount of power that the US had on other countries. Two main effects of the US expansion were the amount of mistreatment towards the Native Americans and the increased amount of land
After defeating Spain in the Spanish-American War, the U.S. took over Cuba until the early 1900’s. But the Cuban constitution contained a law that gave the U.S. their right to step in with any chance of political turbulence. After a fiercely opposed presidential election in Cuba in 1906 led to civil war within the country, U.S. troops put into place a military government. During the three-year occupation, the manifestation of baseball increased. Baseball in Cuba was strictly segregated by race and class.
From buying Alaska from Russia, to annexing territories and taking over Hawaii and making Hawaii and Alaska states of the United States. The United States used imperialism. The United States wanted to as stated to expand further than the forty-eight states at the time. As the artist illustrates in the picture of America conquering land (American Imperialism). During the American Spanish war.